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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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United States-Soviet Relations

 Documents on the often adversarial relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The majority of the documents are reports, telegrams, and memorandums that come from Russian archives. Many topics are covered, including the "German Question," the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Ethiopian Civil War, Jimmy Carter's presidency, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. (Image, Reagan Gorbachev on Governor's Island, 1988, Reagan Presidential Library, C50846-27)

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet delegate to the UN Zorin to USSR Foreign Ministry (2) on the meeting with U Thant on October 26, 1962

    U Thant’s response to Khrushchev’s reply to his previous message. U Thant expresses satisfaction to Khrushchev and Kennedy’s responses to his previous messages.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet delegate to the UN Zorin to USSR Foreign Ministry (3) on the meeting between Garcia-Inchaustegui and U Thant on October 26, 1962

    The meeting between the Cuban delegate to the UN Garcia-Inchaustegui and U Thant.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Fidel Castro to N. S. Khrushchev

    In his message to Khrushchev, Fidel Castro evaluated the two possible scenarios of American aggression against Cuba. Castro seems to suggest a retaliatory nuclear strike against the US in the case of an attack on Cuba.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet delegate to the United Nations V. A. Zorin to USSR Foreign Ministry (1) regarding the meeting with U Thant on the latter's second address

    Soviet response to the new UN proposal based on the US and Soviet government’s approval. They also discussed a proviso in U Thant's first address forbidding ships arriving in Cuba from carrying weaponry, a new American proposal and the Soviet inability to discuss actions to be taken on Cuban territory.

  • October 27, 1962

    Cable from Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko to USSR Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev

    A message from Gromyko to Alekseev to relay a message to Castro regarding American invasion.

  • October 27, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to the USA Dobrynin to the USSR MFA

    Dobrynin relays the mood of the American capital and the presence of a real possibility of US incursion in Cuba.

  • October 27, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba A.I. Alekseev to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Castro’s response to a Soviet Foreign Ministry telegram regarding the prohibition of special arms and possible US invasion.

  • October 27, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet delegate to the UN Zorin to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Soviet response to American changes to U Thant’s proposal.

  • October 28, 1962

    Memorandum from S. P. Ivanov and R. Malinovsky to N. S. Khrushchev

    Malinovsky and S.P. Ivanov report the shooting down of an American aircraft, which had taken surveillance pictures of the disposition of troops on Cuba.

  • October 28, 1962

    Cable from Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko to USSR Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev

    Gromyko asks Alekseev to relay a message to Castro regarding U Thant’s possible visit.

  • October 28, 1962

    Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko's Instructions to the USSR Ambassador to the USA

    Gromyko instructs Dobrynin to tell R. Kennedy N.S. Khruchev’s response to John F. Kennedy’s 27 October message.

  • October 28, 1962

    Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko's Instructions to the USSR representative at the United Nations

    Gromyko sends instructions to Zorin regarding negotiations and UN inspections in Cuba.

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to the USA Dobrynin to USSR MFA

    Dobrynin’s description of R. Kennedy’s response to Khrushchev’s message

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from USSR Foreign Ministry to Soviet diplomats in Washington, Havana and New York

    US procedures for ships bound for or in transit to Cuba.

  • October 28, 1962

    Message from Bertrand Russell to Khrushchev

    Bertrand Russell expressed his admiration for the manner in which Khrushchev dealt with the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • October 28, 1962

    U Thant's message to Khrushchev

    U Thant expressed his consent at the Soviet effort to resolve the Cuban crisis and informed Khrushchev of his upcoming visit to Cuba. U Thant said that he was happy to know that the USSR had sent Mr. Kuznetsov to New York to work with him. Prospect of UN monitors in Cuba was also mentioned.

  • October 28, 1962

    Letter from Khrushchev to Fidel Castro

    Khrushchev informed Castro of his deal with J.F.Kennedy. The Soviet leader warned Castro of attempts to sabotage the agreement by men in the Pentagon and urged him to restrain from being provoked, e.g. firing at American planes.

  • October 28, 1962

    Letter from Fidel Castro to Khrushchev

    Fidel Castro explained to Khrushchev his decision to shoot down American planes operating in Cuban air space and reaffirmed his opposition to any inspection of Cuban territory.

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet delegate to the UN Zorin to USSR Foreign Ministry on meeting with Cuban delegate to the UN Garcia-Inchaustegui

    A meeting where Zorin and Garcia-Inchaustegui discuss a proposed visit by U Thant to Cuba and new US action if Cuban construction projects relating to armament building did not stop.

  • October 28, 1962

    Cable from USSR Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Alekseev transmits the details of a meeting with President Dorticos, who relays the feeling of the Cuban people regarding Soviet withdrawal of missiles.