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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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United States-Soviet Relations

 Documents on the often adversarial relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The majority of the documents are reports, telegrams, and memorandums that come from Russian archives. Many topics are covered, including the "German Question," the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Ethiopian Civil War, Jimmy Carter's presidency, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. (Image, Reagan Gorbachev on Governor's Island, 1988, Reagan Presidential Library, C50846-27)

  • October 28, 1962

    Cable from USSR Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Alekseev transmits the details of a meeting with President Dorticos, who relays the feeling of the Cuban people regarding Soviet withdrawal of missiles.

  • October 29, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Ministry AA Gromyko and Carlos Olivares Sanchez

    Conversation between Gromyko and Sanchez where Sanchez asks the Soviet opinion on a number of issues, including the US blockade of Cuba and Castro’s recent speech.

  • October 29, 1962

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Kuznetsov and UN Secretary General U Thant

    Kuznetsov’s record of a conversation with U Thant discussing the dismantling of Russian weapons and the American quarantine.

  • October 30, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Kuznetsov to USSR Foreign Ministry (2) on the meeting with the UN delegate from Cuba

    Kuznetsov sends the results of a meeting between himself and the Cuban Delegate to the UN, Garcia-Inchaustegui.

  • October 30, 1962

    Telegram from Deputy Foreign Minister Kuznetsov to Soviet Foreign Ministry (1) on the second meeting with U Thant on October 29, 1962

    Kuznetsov sends the results of a meeting with U Thant, regarding the dismantling of weapons in Cuba.

  • October 30, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to the US Dobrynin to the USSR Foreign Ministry

    Dobrynin discusses a meeting with Robert Kennedy, where Robert Kennedy sends back Khrushchev’s letter to John F. Kennedy, stating that a confidential and oral exchange is better regarding the subject of Turkey, rather than a confidential and written exchange.

  • October 30, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Kuznetsov and Ambassador to the UN Zorin to USSR Foreign Minstry (1)

    Thoughts and opinions from Kuznetsov and Zorin regarding Cuba: namely the possibility of US invasion, U Thant’s intention to talk with Castro, a UN proposal to the US for a framework to end the blockade and the make-up of a UN presence in Cuba.

  • October 31, 1962

    Cable from Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko to USSR Ambassador to Cuba A.I. Alekseev (2)

    Gromyko telling Alekseev to relay instructions to Castro, namely for Castro to take strides in normalizing relations with the US and other Latin American countries.

  • October 31, 1962

    Telegram from Alekseev to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Alekseev gives the details of a meeting with U Thant, a meeting that took place as a result of Cuban refusal to allow U Thant and his advisers to view the dismantling of military sites.

  • October 31, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Foreign Ministry to A.A. Soboleva and A.F. Dobrynin at the Soviet Embassy in Washington

    The Foreign Ministry sends instructions to the embassy in Washington regarding the actions of the Americans toward a Soviet ship and events outside the Soviet embassy in Washington.

  • October 31, 1962

    Cable from Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko to USSR Ambassador to Cuba A. I. Alekseev

    Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko cables the Soviet Embassy in Havana that the Soviet leadership had decided to allow UNSG U Thant and his representatives to visit Soviet launchers sites in Cuba and verify that the launchers are being dismantled.

  • October 31, 1962

    Cable from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Alekseev relays Castro’s responses to a letter from Khrushchev.

  • October 31, 1962

    Telegram from USSR Foreign Ministry to Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister V.V. Kuznetsov

    Orders from the Soviet Foreign Ministry to Kuznetsov concerning Soviet actions at the UN.

  • October 31, 1962

    Gromyko Cable to Ambassador Alexeev to Havana of October 31

    Gromyko instructed Alexeev to present to Fidel Castro the Soviet draft protocol which should be used as a basis for negotiation at the UN. The Protocol concerns issues such as the removal of blockade, the renunciation of invasion against Cuba, the respect of Cuban sovereignty, the termination of subversive activity against Havana, the reestablishment of diplomatic and economic relations with Cuba, and the Guanatanamo base.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambasador to the USA A. Dobrynin to USSR Foreign Ministry, forwarding telegram from G.A. Zhukov

    Telegram from Soviet Ambasador to the USA A. Dobrynin to USSR Foreign Ministry, forwarding telegram from G.A. Zhukov

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from USSR Foreign Minister A. Gromyko to Soviet Ambassador in Havana with a copy sent to Kuznetsov in New York

    Gromyko tells the Ambassador to Cuba the date which dismantled materials will be removed.

  • November 01, 1962

    Cable from Soviet ambassador to the USA A.F. Dobrynin to Soviet Foreign Ministry

    Dobrynin relays a meeting with Lippmann in which the two discuss how close their respective countries were to war and the exchange of bases in Turkey.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to the USA A. Dobrynin to USSR Foreign Ministry (2)

    Dobrynin sends the results of a meeting with Robert Kennedy where the two discuss ending the quarantine in Cuba and the state of the dismantling of weapons Cuba.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from USSR Foreign Minister Gromyko to Soviet Mission in New York, for A.I. Mikoyan

    Gromyko instructs Mikoyan to tell U Thant, McCloy and others that the dismantled weapons will leave Cuba by the seventh or eighth and to emphasize the speedy lifting of the blockade.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from USSR Foreign Minister A. Gromyko to Deputy Foreign Minster Kuznetsov at the Soviet Mission in New York

    Gromyko sends instructions to Kuznetsov to meet with US negotiator John McCloy.