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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Vietnam War

 Documents on the Vietnam War. These telegrams, minutes, and discussion notes range from the mid-1950s to the end of the 1970s, and most come from Chinese and Albanian archives. There are many documents from Albania archives on Vietnam-Albanian relations. The collection also includes several Chinese telegrams and memorandums on foreign and economic relations with Indochina, as well as discussions with Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong. See also the Indochinese War and the 1954 Geneva Conference. (Image, American POW, 1973, US Department of Defense, DDST9904270)

  • August 10, 1964

    Meeting between the North Vietnamese ambassador with the 1st vice-minister of foreign affairs of the People’s Republic of Albania Vasil Nathanaili

    This document outlines the meeting between the North Vietnamese ambassador with the 1st vice-minister of foreign affairs of the People’s Republic of Albania, Vasil Nathanaili. The ambassador thanks the Albanian government for the August 7 declaration in support of North Vietnamese sovereignty and independence. He informs the Albanian official about the growing pressure of the American government on the United Nations to become more involved in the conflict in Vietnam and to spread the blame for violating the Geneva Convention of 1954 on Indochina to North Vietnam. It is stated that the Soviet representative in the UN proposed to invite a North Vietnamese delegation to discuss the situation in Vietnam without previously informing the North Vietnamese government about the issue, prompting an official complaint to the Soviet embassy in Hanoi. Furthermore, the American representatives in the UN invited a South Vietnamese delegation in order to discuss the same issue. The document also mentions the reaction of the North Vietnamese government after the supposed violation of the Geneva Convention and specific steps to condemn the Americans publicly.

  • August 12, 1964

    Mao Zedong’s Comments on the War Department’s April 25 Report

    Mai praises the War Department's report on China's preparations for enemy attack.

  • August 17, 1964

    Record of Conversation from Chairman Mao’s Reception of the Algerian Ambassador to China Mohamed Yala

    List of Mao and Yala's main points of discussion, including successful party building, battling imperialism, and suppressing counter-revolutions, as well as record of their conversation regarding the state of Algeria's foreign relations with Vietnam, the US, and others.

  • September 04, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Sangsiv, Head of the Cultural Group of the Laotian Patriotic Front

    Mao Zedong advising Sangsiv on how to strengthen Communism in Laos, including learning from Chinese mistakes.

  • September 10, 1964

    Note on a Conversation by Tarka, Jurgas and Milc at the Soviet Embassy in Hanoi [Excerpts]

    A conversation between three Polish delegates in Hanoi, where they discuss American activities in and attitudes toward Vietnam. They note that the Soviets are not as optimistic about the military situation in Southeast Asia as the Poles.

  • September 28, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Cambodian Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong discusses previous and present Chinese-American relations, focusing especially on Taiwan

  • October 05, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Pham Van Dong

    Zedong advises Pham Van Dong on how to handle war in South Vietnam and protection of North Vietnam.

  • October 26, 1964

    Report on the meeting between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam’s representative Tran Dinh Thu with Shpresa Fuga on October 26, 1964

    This document is a report on a meeting between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam’s representative, Tran Dinh Thu, with an Albanian official, Shpresa Fuga. Tran Dinh Thu discusses an upcoming international conference on solidarity with the people of South Vietnam against the Americans that is to be held in Hanoi on November 25. He invites the Albanian delegation along with 50 other delegations. The conference and the idea behind it are initiated by the Committee of the Communist Party of North Vietnam, but in fact it is carried out by the Vietnam Committee of Peace, the Afro-Asian Solidarity Committee and the National Front of Vietnam.

  • November 09, 1964

    Record of Conversation between Polish leader Wladyslaw Gomułka and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, Moscow

    Zhou Enlai and Gomulka discuss the Sino-Soviet split following Khrushchev's removal as well as Poland's involvement in maintaining peace in Vietnam.

  • November 12, 1964

    Remarks by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on the Article in Hoc Tap No. 11/1964 [Excerpts]

    The GDR's Hanoi Embassy remarks on an anti-Soviet article in the North Vietnam paper. The Soviet opinion is that there a change in Vietnam's attitude toward the Soviet Union

  • November 25, 1964

    A written message from the Albanian Prime Minster Mehmet Shehu to the participants of the conference on solidarity with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi on November 25, 1964

    This document condemns the recent American involvement in South Vietnam. In addition, Shehu stresses the importance of showing support for the struggle of the people of South Vietnam and the Geneva Convention of 1954 which, he implies, the Americans violated.

  • December 29, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Attitude of the New Soviet Revisionist Leadership to the Situation in Vietnam''

    The Chinese Embassy in Moscow reports on Soviet policy toward Vietnam after Khrushchev's removal.

  • 1965

    Lê Thanh Nghị, 'Report on Meetings with Party Leaders of Eight Socialist Countries'

    North Vietnamese Deputy Prime Minister and Politburo member Le Thanh Nghi recounts his discussions with socialist leaders in the summer of 1965, just as the war in the south was heating up.

  • January 06, 1965

    Note No. 2/65 on Conversations with Comrade Shcherbakov about the Developmental Tendencies in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, on 22 and 28 December 1964

    Conversation between the East German and Soviet ambassadors to Vietnam, on the Sino-Vietnamese relationship. Shcherbakov expresses his belief that China is increasingly using Vietnam as a pawn, and that, as a result, the Chinese are pushing the Vietnamese towards talks of negotiations with the United States.

  • February 10, 1965

    Record of the Fifth Contact between Premier Zhou and Vice Premier Chen Yi and Kosygin (1)

    Zhou and Kosygin discussed the conflicts in Vietnam. They discussed in details of providing logistic and political supports to North Vietnam.

  • February 27, 1965

    Oral Statement of the PRC Government, Transmitted by PRC Vice Foreign Minister Liu Xiao to the Chargé d’Affaires of the USSR in the PRC, Cde. F. V. Mochulski

    The Chinese response to the Soviet request for China's opinion on a possible international conference on the subject of Indochina. The Chinese opinion is that to propose such a thing would make the Communist countries look weak and only encourage the United States.

  • March 01, 1965

    Zhou Enlai Talking to Ho Chi Minh

    Zhou Enlai discusses new Soviet Party leadership, a joint statement of support of Vietnam from socialist countries and close observation of Soviet military activities.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of a Conversation Between the RCP Leadership led by Nicolae Ceausescu and the CCP Leadership Led by Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai, Maurer, and Ceausescu discuss US military engagement in South Vietnam and USSR's response.

  • March 27, 1965

    Resolution of the Party Central Committee on the Immediate Situation and Urgent Responsibilities

    Resolution by the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee on the Vietnam War and the related "diplomatic struggle."

  • March 30, 1965

    Excerpt from a Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Algerian President Ben Bella

    In Algeria, Enlai describes the unfavorable tactics (military and negotiating) employed by the US in South Vietnam.