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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Vietnam War

 Documents on the Vietnam War. These telegrams, minutes, and discussion notes range from the mid-1950s to the end of the 1970s, and most come from Chinese and Albanian archives. There are many documents from Albania archives on Vietnam-Albanian relations. The collection also includes several Chinese telegrams and memorandums on foreign and economic relations with Indochina, as well as discussions with Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong. See also the Indochinese War and the 1954 Geneva Conference. (Image, American POW, 1973, US Department of Defense, DDST9904270)

  • August 12, 1964

    Mao Zedong’s Comments on the War Department’s April 25 Report

    Mai praises the War Department's report on China's preparations for enemy attack.

  • September 04, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Sangsiv, Head of the Cultural Group of the Laotian Patriotic Front

    Mao Zedong advising Sangsiv on how to strengthen Communism in Laos, including learning from Chinese mistakes.

  • September 10, 1964

    Note on a Conversation by Tarka, Jurgas and Milc at the Soviet Embassy in Hanoi [Excerpts]

    A conversation between three Polish delegates in Hanoi, where they discuss American activities in and attitudes toward Vietnam. They note that the Soviets are not as optimistic about the military situation in Southeast Asia as the Poles.

  • September 28, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Cambodian Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong discusses previous and present Chinese-American relations, focusing especially on Taiwan

  • October 05, 1964

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Pham Van Dong

    Zedong advises Pham Van Dong on how to handle war in South Vietnam and protection of North Vietnam.

  • October 26, 1964

    Report on the meeting between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam’s representative Tran Dinh Thu with Shpresa Fuga on October 26, 1964

    This document is a report on a meeting between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam’s representative, Tran Dinh Thu, with an Albanian official, Shpresa Fuga. Tran Dinh Thu discusses an upcoming international conference on solidarity with the people of South Vietnam against the Americans that is to be held in Hanoi on November 25. He invites the Albanian delegation along with 50 other delegations. The conference and the idea behind it are initiated by the Committee of the Communist Party of North Vietnam, but in fact it is carried out by the Vietnam Committee of Peace, the Afro-Asian Solidarity Committee and the National Front of Vietnam.

  • November 09, 1964

    Record of Conversation between Polish leader Wladyslaw Gomułka and Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, Moscow

    Zhou Enlai and Gomulka discuss the Sino-Soviet split following Khrushchev's removal as well as Poland's involvement in maintaining peace in Vietnam.

  • November 12, 1964

    Remarks by the East German Embassy in Hanoi on the Article in Hoc Tap No. 11/1964 [Excerpts]

    The GDR's Hanoi Embassy remarks on an anti-Soviet article in the North Vietnam paper. The Soviet opinion is that there a change in Vietnam's attitude toward the Soviet Union

  • November 25, 1964

    A written message from the Albanian Prime Minster Mehmet Shehu to the participants of the conference on solidarity with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Hanoi on November 25, 1964

    This document condemns the recent American involvement in South Vietnam. In addition, Shehu stresses the importance of showing support for the struggle of the people of South Vietnam and the Geneva Convention of 1954 which, he implies, the Americans violated.

  • 1965

    Lê Thanh Nghị, 'Report on Meetings with Party Leaders of Eight Socialist Countries'

    North Vietnamese Deputy Prime Minister and Politburo member Le Thanh Nghi recounts his discussions with socialist leaders in the summer of 1965, just as the war in the south was heating up.

  • January 06, 1965

    Note No. 2/65 on Conversations with Comrade Shcherbakov about the Developmental Tendencies in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, on 22 and 28 December 1964

    Conversation between the East German and Soviet ambassadors to Vietnam, on the Sino-Vietnamese relationship. Shcherbakov expresses his belief that China is increasingly using Vietnam as a pawn, and that, as a result, the Chinese are pushing the Vietnamese towards talks of negotiations with the United States.

  • February 27, 1965

    Oral Statement of the PRC Government, Transmitted by PRC Vice Foreign Minister Liu Xiao to the Chargé d’Affaires of the USSR in the PRC, Cde. F. V. Mochulski

    The Chinese response to the Soviet request for China's opinion on a possible international conference on the subject of Indochina. The Chinese opinion is that to propose such a thing would make the Communist countries look weak and only encourage the United States.

  • March 01, 1965

    Zhou Enlai Talking to Ho Chi Minh

    Zhou Enlai discusses new Soviet Party leadership, a joint statement of support of Vietnam from socialist countries and close observation of Soviet military activities.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of a Conversation Between the RCP Leadership led by Nicolae Ceausescu and the CCP Leadership Led by Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai, Maurer, and Ceausescu discuss US military engagement in South Vietnam and USSR's response.

  • March 27, 1965

    Resolution of the Party Central Committee on the Immediate Situation and Urgent Responsibilities

    Resolution by the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee on the Vietnam War and the related "diplomatic struggle."

  • March 30, 1965

    Excerpt from a Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Algerian President Ben Bella

    In Algeria, Enlai describes the unfavorable tactics (military and negotiating) employed by the US in South Vietnam.

  • April 02, 1965

    Excerpt from a Conversation between Zhou Enlai and Pakistani President Ayub Khan

    Zhou Enlai addresses African and European concerns relating to the war in South Vietnam. He attempts to answer the questions of: the possibility of the war’s worldwide expansion, China’s role and the possibility of negotiation.

  • April 05, 1965

    Cable from Zhu Qiwen, 'The Vietnamese Side passing on the Soviet Communist Party’s Proposal regarding the Holding of a Three-Party Summit among the Soviet Party, and the Vietnamese Party, and the Chinese Party'

    Zhu Qiwen reports on possible Soviet motives in proposing a three-party meeting between North Vietnam, China, and the Soviet Union.

  • April 08, 1965

    Discussion between Liu Shaoqi and Le Duan

    China offers military services to Vietnam, on the condition that Vietnam invites them first; Vietnam accepts.

  • April 08, 1965

    The Four-Point Position of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Regarding a Political Solution of the Vietnam Question

    Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Van Dong's report at the Congress of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam clarifies the DRV's 4-point position toward a political solution of the Vietnam question in the spirit of the Geneva Accords: The US had to withdraw all military personnel and destroy their bases in Vietnam. Before a peaceful reunification, the North and the South refrained from having military alliance with other countries and foreign armies and bases in their territories. South Vietnam's internal matters would be dealt with without foreign intervention and the reunification issue would be discussed between the Vietnamese.