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Digital Archive International History Declassified

July 26, 1961

REPORT ON THE 1ST CONFERENCE OF THE NON-ALIGNED COUNTRIES OF SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1961 SENT BY TAHMAZ BEQARI, THE ALBANIAN AMBASSADOR IN BELGRADE, TO THE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF ALBANIA

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    The conference of non-aligned countries in Belgrade was organized when Indonesia and other countries of Asia and Africa were attempting to organize a Second Bandung Conference. Tito and Nehru, trying to minimize the influence of China in the Asian and African countries, initiated a conference that they called the Conference of Non-Aligned Countries in Belgrade. The document discusses the 24 participating countries, the agenda, the proceedings, the different groups among the delegation and the two main documents that the conference adopted: the manifesto and the declaration. The manifesto, titled “The Danger from the War and the Call for Peace,” according to the Albanian ambassador, was adopted in a revisionist spirit, calling on Khrushchev and Kennedy to maintain peace. Meanwhile, the declaration criticized colonialism and imperialism. The Belgrade conference did not decide on any specific issues and did not reach any important conclusions. In Albania, a week after the conference, the journal “Zeri i Popullit” (Voice of the People) wrote an article in which it identified Tito as an agent of imperialism and stated that Yugoslavia was not an non-aligned country as it participated in the Balkan Pact.
    "Report on the 1st conference of the non-aligned countries of September 1st, 1961 sent by Tahmaz Beqari, the Albanian ambassador in Belgrade, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania," July 26, 1961, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, AMPJSh V. 1961 D 422, p. 43-46 http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/110538
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    http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/110538

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