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Digital Archive International History Declassified

October 25, 1962

TELEGRAM FROM SOVIET AMBASSADOR TO CUBA ALEKSEEV TO USSR FOREIGN MINISTRY

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    Alekseev comments on the general attitude of the Cuban people in regards to the blockade and mobilization of the Cuban army
    "Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to USSR Foreign Ministry," October 25, 1962, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Archive of Foreign Policy, Russian Federation (AVP RF), Moscow; copy obtained by NHK (Japanese Television), provided to CWIHP, and on file at National Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; translation by John Henriksen, Harvard University http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/110983
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Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba A.I. Alekseev to USSR Foreign Ministry, 25 October 1962

25 October
The domestic situation in Cuba with regard to the USA provocations continues to remain calm and confident. The mobilization of the popular militia and the stationing of military units have been successfully completed. The industrial and commercial centers of the country are operating normally.


A special business-like efficiency and energy can be observed among the Cuban leaders and people. At meetings and gatherings there is almost no trace of the ostentation and verbosity that are characteristic of Cubans. The awareness of an immediate threat has brought the Cuban people even closer, and has strengthened their hatred of American imperialism.
The Soviet Union's authority has climbed to unprecedented heights. The actions of the USSR government in its defense of Cuba are completely convincing the people of the failure of the American provocations. The whole country is preparing to rebuff the aggressors. Committees for the defense of the revolution are establishing, in every city neighborhood, in factories, on the national estates and institutions, first-aid brigades offering immediate help to the wounded. Volunteer brigades are on the alert for profiteers, and are prohibiting the purchase of excessive quantities of goods in stores.


Militia observation posts have been placed on all streets. There are no signs of panic, and no false alarmist rumors are being spread.


The domestic counterrevolution has fallen completely silent, and has not yet shown any signs of activity.


The nation is anxiously awaiting the first clashes between Soviet steamers and the American ships constituting the blockade.


The arrival yesterday and today of two Soviet steamers in Cuban ports without serious complications was met with great relief.


Secretary General U Thant's appeal, and Comrade N.S. Khrushchev's response to it and to Bertrand Russell, were commented upon here as events of the greatest importance.


Meanwhile the radio and newspapers attribute great significance to [Soviet Defense Minister] Marshal R.Ya. Malinsky's speech.


Moreover, Fidel Castro finds great significance in the emergence of a movement for solidarity with Cuba, especially in the countries of Latin America.


It is his view that the USA's current insane actions against Cuba provide firm ground for the further expansion of this movement, which will be able to force the Americans to rethink their plans.


He approves of our policy of not giving in to provocations, and of the possibile avoidance of unnecessary conflicts. Castro, for example, approves of the fact that several of our vessels have turned back from their courses, and thus have not given occasion for any major conflicts.


At the same time Castro, in the course of conversations with our military experts, has expressed a belief in the necessity of shooting down one or two piratic American planes over Cuban territory.


Unverifiable information has been received by us and the Czechs from unverifiable sources on the possibility of an interventionist landing or a bombing of Cuban military targets on 26-27 October. The leadership has taken this information into consideration, but is not taking it very seriously.


The situation in the Soviet colony is normal. All necessary measures have been taken for a possible exacerbation of the situation.


25.X.62 Alekseev


[Source: Archive of Foreign Policy, Russian Federation (AVP RF), Moscow; copy obtained by NHK (Japanese Television), provided to CWIHP, and on file at National Security Archive, Washington, D.C.; translation by John Henriksen, Harvard University.]