BREZHNEV-JARUZELSKI TELEPHONE CONVERSATIONCITATION SHARE DOWNLOAD
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Conversation, 19 October 1981
To be returned Distributed to the members
to the CPSU CC of the CPSU CC Politburo,
(General Depart- members of the CPSU CC
ment, 1st sector) Politburo, and CPSU CC
No. P1942 secretaries
To the CPSU CC
I am conveying notes from a telephone conversation with Comrade W. Jaruzelski on 19 October of this year.
19 October 1981
NOTES FROM A TELEPHONE
between Comrade L. I. Brezhnev and Comrade W. Jaruzelski
19 October 1981
L. I. BREZHNEV. Hello, Wojciech.
W. JARUZELSKI. Hello, my dear, deeply esteemed Leonid Ilyich.
L. I. BREZHNEV. Dear Wojciech, we already sent you an official greeting, but I wanted to congratulate you personally on your election to the post of First Secretary of the PZPR CC.
It was appropriate of you to give your consent to such a decision. In the PZPR right now there is no other individual whose authority is equal to yours; this is evident from the results of the vote at the plenum. We understand that very difficult tasks now stand before you. But we are convinced that you will cope with them and will do everything to overcome the severe ailments afflicting your country.
I think, right now, as it seems to me, the most important thing is for you to gather around yourself some reliable assistants from the ranks of committed and worthy Communists and to rally them, spurring the whole party into action and instilling it with the spirit of struggle. This, in the literal sense of the word, is the key to success.
And, of course, it is important, without wasting time, to take the decisive measures you intend to use against the counterrevolution. We hope that everyone now, both in Poland and abroad, will sense that things in your country will move along differently.
We wish you good health and success!
W. JARUZELSKI. Thank you very much, dear Leonid Ilyich, for the greeting and above all for the confidence you have in me. I want to tell you frankly that I had some inner misgivings about accepting this post and agreed to do so only because I knew that you support me and that you were in favor of this decision. If this had not been so, I never would have agreed to it. This is a very burdensome and very difficult task in such a complicated situation in the country, in which I now find myself both as prime minister and as minister of defense. But I understand that this is proper and necessary if you personally believe so.
L. I. BREZHNEV. Wojciech, we long ago believed so. We long ago spoke about this to our friends.
W. JARUZELSKI. And for that reason I consented. I will do all I can, Leonid Ilyich, both as a Communist and as a soldier, to improve things and to achieve a turnaround in the situation in the country and in our party. I understand and fully agree with you that one of the crucial things right now is the selection of leadership both in the party and in the government. And for that reason I deferred any final resolution of personnel matters until the next plenum, which we will be holding within several days. This way, I can think carefully about these matters and consult with others, ending up with a comprehensive decision and not simply scattered personnel changes.
L. I. BREZHNEV. Personnel matters are very important both at the center and in the outlying regions.
W. JARUZELSKI. This issue will be resolved in the outlying regions as well. Of course this must occur in parallel with the strengthening of the party in the spirit of a stepped-up struggle. In the appropriate situation we must apply decisive actions in order to wage battle where we are confident of achieving success.
I'm now heading over to a session of the Military Council of the Armed Forces at the Ministry of Defense. There I will also be putting forth appropriate tasks. We will broadly include the army in all spheres of the life of the country.
Yesterday, after the plenum, I held a meeting with the first secretaries of the provincial committees and said that they should not take umbrage at the fact that we will be including people from the armed forces in the implementation of certain processes and will be expanding meetings between the officer corps and the working class in order to exert direct influence on the workers and shield them from the influence of "Solidarity." Of course, we are not changing our general direction in the sense that we are struggling to win back to our side the healthy forces of the nation who have gone astray and joined "Solidarity," and simultaneously we will be combatting the adversary and, of course, doing so in such a way that it will produce results.
Today I am meeting with your ambassador. I will try to go over certain questions with him in greater detail and will be asking for your suggestions on some questions which he, no doubt, will convey to you.1
In keeping you informed of all the decisions we reach, we will simultaneously let you know what has motivated our decision-making in particular cases.
Right now the greatest complications in our country arise from the situation at the market. In connection with this we have been experiencing many strikes and protests, some organized by "Solidarity" and others that are simply elemental. This very much complicates efforts to carry out measures that must be implemented and complicates our work, since the mood in society is indifferent. But we will be trying to do everything possible to improve the situation.
This is what I wanted initially to convey to you and to keep you informed about.
Once again I want to thank you very much for your kind words.
L. I. BREZHNEV. I again wish you, Wojciech, the best of health and the best of success.
W. JARUZELSKI. Thank you. Good-bye.
1. Translator's Note: Notes from this meeting are available in both Russian and Polish archives; see, e.g., Fond (F.) No. 5, Opis' (Op.) No. 84, Delo (D.) No. 596, Listy (Ll.) 33-35, Tsentr khraneniya sovremennoi dokumentatsii (TsKhSD).