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Digital Archive International History Declassified

March 09, 1973

TELEGRAM FROM BUCHAREST TO PEKING, ULAANBAATAR, NEW DELHI, ISLAMABAD, DJAKARTA, TOKYO, NO. 02/01476

This document was made possible with support from the ROK Ministry of Unification, Leon Levy Foundation

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    Lazar notes the contrasting approaches of the two Koreas towards inter-Korean cooperation and discusses the China-US dialogue surrounding US troop withdrawal from South Korea.
    "Telegram from Bucharest to Peking, Ulaanbaatar, New Delhi, Islamabad, Djakarta, Tokyo, No. 02/01476," March 09, 1973, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Archives, Matter: 220/Year: 1973/Country: Democratic People’s Republic of Korea The Ministry of External Affairs, CLASSIFICATION: SECRET, Department I Relations, Folder 1513, Vol. I, Concerning 1) External politics; 2) DPRK’s relations with other states, Period: 04.01 – 14.08.1973. Obtained and translated for NKIDP by Eliza Gheorghe. http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/114039
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To: Direction II Relations

Comrade Chief of Mission,

The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang informs you of the following concerning North-South relations:

Over the last period of time, a more specific formulation of policies concerning each other is visible on both sides.

After a long period of time, the DPRK has resumed the idea of political cooperation with the South, of economic collaboration, of establishing the Korean confederation.

This idea pushes the boundaries of the South Korean vision which has at its basis the solving of humanitarian issues, commercial exchange, mutual visits as well as other forms of cooperation as a matter of perspective.

North Korean officials consider that soon the phase of stagnation in North-South dialogue will be overcome.

In the meantime, at the suggestion of North Korea, the Chinese-U.S. dialogue has begun in view of the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea as well as the request of South Korea for U.S. guarantees that the withdrawal of troops be realized only with the condition of modernizing the South Korean army.

Conversely, both sides have engaged in a diplomatic and political offensive in order to obtain international support for their own plan to isolate the other side.

Signed: L. Petrescu.

Written : R. Budura

Typed: R. Paun/3 ex.

Korean HTML

수신: 제2관계국

대사 동지 귀하,

평양 주재 루마니아 대사관은 북남 관계와 관련하여 다음의 사항을 알려드리고자 합니다.

지난 기간 동안, (북남) 양측은 상대방에 대한 정책을 보다 구체화하고 있는 것으로 보인다.

매우 오랜만에, 조선민주주의인민공화국은 남측과의 정치적 협력, 경제 협력 및 북남국가연방 설립이라는 구상을 재개하고 나섰다.

남측은 기본적으로 인도주의적 사안의 해결, 통상 교류, 상호 방문 및 다른 유형의 협력을 계획하고 있는데, 북측의 위와 같은 구상은 남측이 구상하고 있는 계획의 영역을 더욱 넓힌 것이다.

북측 당국자들은 북남 간 대화의 교착상태를 곧 극복할 수 있을 것으로 보고 있다.

한편, 북측의 제안에 따라, 주한미군의 점진적인 철수 및 남한 군사의 현대화라는 전제조건 하에 주한미군 철수를 진행하겠다는 것을 미국이 보장하여야 한다는 남측의 요청을 고려하여 중국과 미국 간에 대화가 개시되었다.

이와는 대조적으로 (북남) 양측은 상대방을 고립시키기 위한 계획에 대한 국제사회의 지지를 확보하기 위하여 외교적, 정치적으로 공세를 펼쳐 왔다.

서명: L. Petrescu

작성: R. Budura

타자: R. Păun/3 ex.