JOURNAL OF SOVIET AMBASSADOR IN THE DPRK A.M. PUZANOV FOR 14 AUGUST 1960
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get citationKim Il Sung continues to push for the creation of a Confederation of South and North Korea."Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 14 August 1960" August 14, 1960, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, AVPRF fond 0102, opis 16, delo 7, p.16-42. Translated for NKIDP by Gary Goldberg. http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/116138
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14 August 1960
Dwelling in detail on the situation in South Korea the speaker noted in particular that the reason for the division of Korea and all the sufferings of the South Korean population is the presence of American troops in South Korea. The only way to change the situation in the South and to solve the Korean question is the withdrawal of American troops from South Korea and the peaceful reunification of the country.
The speaker then stressed that the most rational means for the peaceful reunification of the country is to hold Korea-wide free and general elections on a democratic basis without foreign interference. If the South Korean authorities do not agree to this then it will be necessary to undertake at least transitional steps to solve such issues as cannot be put off from the point of view of national interests.
Kim Il Sung said, as such a step we propose the creation of a Confederation of South and North Korea. The confederative system of which we speak will be realized by the creation of a Supreme National Committee of representatives of both government which would primarily coordinate the economic and cultural development of South and North Korean in a uniform procedure while temporarily retaining the existing political systems in South and North Korea and the independent activity of the governments of the DPRK and the Republic of Korea. The introduction of such a confederative system will provide contacts between the South and North, and make mutual understanding and cooperation possible by facilitating the elimination of mutual distrust. We think that the subsequent holding of Korea-wide free elections will lead to the complete realization of a peaceful reunification of the motherland.
In the event that the South Korean authorities do not agree to the creation of a Confederation the DPRK proposes to create at least an Economic Committee of representatives of the business communities of North and South Korea which would take upon themselves the exchange of goods between the South and the North, mutual cooperation, and aid in economic development. It is proposed to organize a cultural exchange and ensure the free movement of the population along with the economic exchange between both parts of the country.
The report points out that the North Korean side proposes to the South Korean authorities, political parties, public organizations, and individuals that representatives of South and North Korea immediately meet in Pyongyang, Seoul, or Panmunjom to discuss these issues.
The report also devotes attention to very important issues of the international situation…