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Digital Archive International History Declassified

April 26, 1962

REPORTING THE CONTENTS OF VICE MINISTER ZHANG HANFU’S DISCUSSION WITH THE SOVIET AMBASSADOR ON 24 APRIL 1962

This document was made possible with support from the MacArthur Foundation, Henry Luce Foundation

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    The Foreign Ministry alerts the Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department and Party Committee of ongoing talks with the Soviet Union.
    "Reporting the Contents of Vice Minister Zhang Hanfu’s Discussion with the Soviet Ambassador on 24 April 1962," April 26, 1962, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, PRC FMA 118-01154-07, 11-12. Translated by Charles Kraus. http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/118188
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To: Wulumuqi [Urumqi] […]

Level: Extremely Urgent […]

Contents: Reporting the Contents of Vice Minister Zhang’s Discussion with the Soviet Ambassador on 24 April

[To the] Xinjiang Foreign Affairs Department and the [Xinjiang Uyghur] Autonomous Region Party Committee:

[The Ministry of Foreign Affairs] is reporting an excerpt of the contents of Vice Minister Zhang [Hanfu’s] meeting with [Soviet] Ambassador [Stepan] Chervonenko on 24 April concerning the Xinjiang residents who have crossed the border to the Soviet Union:

Vice Minister Zhang handed our memorandum to Chervonenko and Chervonenko said [that his] request earlier this morning to meet was also to discuss the flight of Chinese border residents. Your side’s [China’s] document has an accusatory tone, as if the Soviet side encouraged Chinese residents to cross the border into the Soviet Union, [but] this is inconsistent with the facts and, on the contrary, the Soviet border defense organs and local authorities did not act in this way. The two sides [then] discussed the discrepancy over the number of border-crossers. These people crossed the border to the Soviet Union from the Chinese side and [while] the Chinese let them pass, the Soviet side also did not block them.  Because they were not bringing anything with them, it was only natural to help them settle [in the Soviet Union]. Your documents have the initial conclusion that we wanted these people to cross the border, which is somewhat rushed.

Comrade Hanfu pointed out [that] the situation our side put forth is based on our understanding of the materials. Things like this should not happen between our two nations; however, they have happened, and we cannot help but feel astonished. We have discouraged the border-crossers continuously. The situation on the Soviet border in recent days is causing the number of border crossers to increase. You’ve rushed by insisting that things never happened even without [conducting an] investigation.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

26 April 1962