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Digital Archive International History Declassified

March 24, 1984

CABLE FROM AMBASSADOR KATORI TO THE FOREIGN MINISTER, 'PRIME MINISTER VISIT TO CHINA (SUMMIT MEETING – BILATERAL RELATIONS)'

This document was made possible with support from the MacArthur Foundation, Leon Levy Foundation

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    Zhao Ziyang and Nakasone Yasuhiro discuss Sino-Japanese cultural exchanges and Japan's security policies.
    "Cable from Ambassador Katori to the Foreign Minister, 'Prime Minister Visit to China (Summit Meeting – Bilateral Relations)'," March 24, 1984, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, 2002-113, Act on Access to Information Held by Administrative Organs. Also available at the Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Obtained for CWIHP by Yutaka Kanda and translated by Ryo C. Kato. http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/119547
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Number R037398

Primary: Asia and China

Sent: China 03:58 Year Month 24

Received: MOFA 05:20 1984 March 24

To: The Foreign Minister From: Ambassador Katori

Prime Minister Visit to China (Summit Meeting – Bilateral Relations)

Number 1323  Top Secret Top Urgent Q36RA

Wire 1322, Separate Wire 1

Premier Zhao: My visit to Japan year before last was very memorable. General-Secretary Hu’s visit to Japan last November was a total success. I am convinced that Prime Minister Nakasone’s visit to China will become a new contribution to Japan-China relations. I want to candidly exchange our views.

Prime Minister Nakasone: I express my heartfelt gratitude to the Chinese government and people for their extraordinary hospitality.  While this visit is also meant to reciprocate General Secretary Hu’s visit to Japan, I am glad to have the opportunity to discuss various Japan-China issues with Premier Zhao.

During his visit to Japan, General Secretary Hu’s flawless character left a deep impression on the Japanese people.  I believe that through General Secretary Hu’s visit, the close ties between Japan and China have become deeper. I want to express my gratitude again for General Secretary Hu’s visit to Japan.

I will support and keep the promises that previous Prime Ministers made to China. As we near the 21st century, I want to continue strengthening friendly ties based on joint statements, the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, and the 4 Principles.

Japan and China has many reasons to cooperate, and no reasons to clash. If our countries continue with the current policy, we can continue to have neighborly cooperation. Furthermore, this will contribute to peace for Asia and the World. The complementary relations our two countries share in politics, economy, and culture, among other fields, will become the basis for equality and mutual benefit.

(Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century)

Regarding this committee, discussions through diplomatic channels have been carried out and a rough agreement has been reached; I would like to formally finalize the establishment of this Committee. I would also like to announce the list of names. I understand that there is discussion about holding the first meeting around September in Tokyo. We would like to express our agreement.

(Invitation for 3000 Japanese Youths)

I give my deep gratitude regarding this expansive project. Youth exchange is extremely important, and I hope to promote this. I would like to cooperate on exchange of researchers and exchange students.

(Japanese Orphans in China)

We are grateful for China’s extraordinary consideration. We understand that in China this issue causes problems for the foster parents and has social ramifications. We are grateful that you are taking care of them given such circumstances. It is very difficult to make such a request given all that China has done for them, but given the more than 8000 orphans still in China, we would be most grateful for cooperation in having more people visit Japan to find the orphans' parents. We strongly believe in finding the Japanese biological parents of the orphans. This has been raised many times in the National Diet. We hope for our respective foreign ministries to discuss the specifics on what the best method would be.

Premier Zhao: I agree with Prime Minister’s assessment of China-Japan relations. Overall, Japan-China relations have developed greatly, not only in the field of economics, but also in various other areas. The citizens of our countries are satisfied and happy with our friendly relations. The summit meeting during General Secretary Hu’s visit to Japan was successful. It was a truly good thing for Prime Minister Nakasone to add “Mutual Trust” to the 3 Principles, thus making it the 4 Principles. Only with mutual trust is long-term, stable development possible.

Bilateral relations of late are marked by the ability to exchange views in a frank and friendly manner. There is the remarkable characteristic of increasing mutual trust and decreasing suspicion. This is an extremely welcome and important development.

The Chinese government, like the Government of Japan, believes that the long-term and stable development of China-Japan relations is an important national policy. Furthermore, we know that Prime Minister Nakasone and Cabinet Minister Abe are passionate about the development of China-Japan relations. I still hold in high-esteem the Prime Minister’s famous words, “the importance with which the Nakasone Cabinet treats relations with China is unmatched by previous cabinets.”

(Japan-China Friendship Committee for the 21st Century)

I completely agree with Prime Minister Nakasone’s thoughts. We are awaiting an agreement to be reached as the respective secretariats are in discussion. This Committee has been suggested by Prime Minister Nakasone, received basic agreement during General Secretary Hu’s visit to Japan, and we have also confirmed matter, so I believe it will be fine to announce the establishment of the committee. The establishment of this committee has deep significance, and so I would like to express congratulations. The establishment of this Committee has drawn many responses from the people of both China and Japan, and the establishment of the Committee has deep significance for the long-term and stable development of bilateral relations.

(Invitation for 3000 Japanese Youths)

Preparations are progressing smoothly. I want to express my gratitude for Japan’s cooperation up to now. I want to request continued cooperation from Japan and for the success of youth education.

(Japanese Orphans in China)

Regarding the finding of Japanese orphans’ parents, with consideration of humanitarianism, we want to cooperate based on the decisions reached between our respective agencies. Regarding the re-settlement of Japanese orphans and the resultant issues that would arise in China, we hope that the Japanese government will use discretion and take action in line with agreements reached through discussion.

Prime Minister Nakasone: Lastly, I have conveyed our thinking on security policy, SS-20, and the Cambodia issue through Cabinet Minister Abe. (Regarding the last two issues, refer to the section on International Relations). Before, when I was serving as the Director of the Japanese Defense Agency, I was referred to desparagingly by Chinese as “those thugs Sato and Nakasone,” although we were a foursome at that time. I want to make it clear now that I do not have such ideas (militarism).

Cabinet Minister Abe: Prime Minister Nakasone’s security policy, like preceding cabinets’ policies, is based on the peace constitution that perpetually precludes Japan from becoming a military power, furthermore it adheres to the Three Non-Nuclear Principles, minimal self-defense capabilities, and the maintenance of security through the Japan-US Alliance. As Prime Minister Nakasone has said, Japan is devoted to a non-aggressive defense policy and will not maintain offensive capabilities, such as aircraft carriers, battleships, and bombers. Additionally, I want to make clear that we are proactively involved with the issue of disarmament.

Prime Minister Zhao: I understand the Nakasone Cabinet’s security policy. This is especially true after General Secretary Hu’s visit to Japan. We do not believe the Nakasone Cabinet’s security policy is a militarist policy. There are minority elements that are showing militarist actions, but this is a separate issue from the Nakasone Cabinet’s policy.

(End)