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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 02, 1964

    Airgram from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State, 'Israeli Purchase of Argentine Uranium'

    The interim report from the US Embassy in Buenos Aires, filed just past the 1 September deadline, confirms the sale of 100 tons of yellow cake uranium to Israel over the course of a three-year period, beginning 1 January 1963. The uranium was to be used solely for the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

  • October 19, 1964

    Cable 555 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State

    Meeting with embassy officials, the chief of the National Atomic Energy Commission Admiral Oscar A. Quihillalt informed them that Argentine uranium sales agreements had only general safeguard provisions stipulating that the uranium would be used peacefully, and did not require reports, inspections, or any other independent verification that were loosely equivalent to Article XIII of the IAEA statute.

  • October 23, 1964

    Cable 578 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State

    In a meeting with Foreign Office officials, a US embassy officer stated that the US did not object to the sale of uranium to Israel, but sought cooperation in order to assure that appropriate safeguards were put into place.

  • October 27, 1964

    Cable 591 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State

    When embassy officers provided the aide-memoir and the paper on IAEA safeguards to Admiral Quihillalt, the chief of the National Atomic Energy Commission, he was more receptive to the US position than previously and was glad to know that the US was not in touch with the Israelis about the sale.

  • November 30, 1964

    Cable 749 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State, 'Sale of Uranium to Israel'

    Although the Embassy noted that the Foreign Office's apparent support of safeguards did not necessarily represent the Argentine government's thinking, it concluded that more Argentine dialogue should be allowed before Washington took further representation.

  • February 03, 1965

    Airgram A-691 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State, 'Argentine Sale of Uranium Oxide to Israel'

    This airgram details a meeting with Admiral Quihillalt, director of the National Atomic Energy Commission of Argentinia, who notes that since the deal with Israel had been concluded before the IAEA established protocols for safeguard measures, the Argentine government did not feel the need to include reporting and inspection requirements. However, safeguards would be placed on future sales. Attached is a note from the Argentine Foreign Ministry, with an unofficial translation.

  • August 21, 1965

    Airgram A-160 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State, 'EXCON: Argentine Exports of Uranium Oxide'

    A request by an Argentine Congressman gave the yellow cake sale to Israel a public airing.

  • April 10, 1966

    Airgram 763 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State, 'Israeli Purchase of Argentine Uranium'

    Although AEC representative Lester Rogers reported that the Embassy had no new information, this airgram includes tables on Argentina's annual production of uranium from 1958-1965 and the production capacities of two uranium processing plants.

  • May 26, 1966

    Cable 1776 from the US Embassy in Argentina to the Department of State, 'Israeli Purchase of Argentine Uranium'

    The Embassy did not believe it was advisable to inform the Argentine government of US plans to ask the Israeli government about the location of the uranium.