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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 29, 1946

    Kim Il Sung, 'For the Establishment of a United Party of the Working Masses: Report to the Inaugural Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea'

    Kim Il Sung's speech at the 1st Congress of the Korean Workers' Party.

  • January 01, 1947

    Letter to General-Lieutenant Hodge on Northern Korea Providing Electricity to Southern Korea

    Shtykov informs Ignatev of South Korea's current inability to pay its debt for electricity to North Korea.

  • July 05, 1947

    What Every Political Party and Social Organization Must Demand on the Establishment of a Democratic Interim Government of Korea

    A reprinting of Kim Il Sung's June 14, 1947, speech to the Democratic National United Front on the establishment of a democratic interim government. An appendix to the publication contains Kim Il Sung's June 23, 1947, speech, "To the Korean Youth Before the Establishment of the Democratic Interim Government."

  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • November 20, 1948

    The Korean People's Army

    A collection of speeches of Kim Il Sung, Kim Du-bong, Choe Yong-geon, and Kim Dal-hyeon on the Korean People's Army in 1948.

  • 1949

    The Korean Government Delegation's Visit to Moscow (Korean Version)

    A report on a trip to Moscow made by a Korean government delegation, including information on what the delegation has seen and the conclusion of treaties with the Soviet Union on the economy, culture and technical assistance.

  • March 05, 1949

    Meeting between Stalin and Kim Il Sung

    Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the military and economy in North Korea, Soviet-North Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with other foreign countries.

  • April 20, 1949

    The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations

    Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.

  • September 03, 1949

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    Kim Il Sung, having recieved intelligence suggesting South Korea intended to seize the Ongjin Peninsula, requests Soviet permission to move further into South Korea.

  • September 11, 1949

    Telegram from Gromyko to Tunkin at the Soviet Embassy in Pyongyang

    The Soviet Union sends a set of questions to Kim Il Sung on about the South Korean army and North Korea's war plans.

  • September 14, 1949

    Telegram from Tunkin to the Soviet Foreign Ministry in Reply to 11 September Telegram

    North Korea plans to attack South Korea, but the Soviet Foreign Ministry is skeptical about North Korea's actual military capabilities and generally disproves of North Korea's plans.

  • September 24, 1949

    Politburo Decision to Confirm the Following Directive to the Soviet Ambassador in Korea

    The Soviet Politburo argues that North Korea is not ready to launch a successful overthrow of the South Korean regime and suggests North Korea should concentrate its efforts on developing partisan groups in South Korea.

  • January 19, 1950

    Telegram Shtykov to Vyshinsky on a Luncheon at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK

    Shtykov reports a meeting with Kim Il Sung, along with Chinese and Korean delegates. Kim Il Sung expresses his view on the prospect of a liberation of the South Korean people that is to follow the Chinese success in liberation. Kim expresses his view that the South Koreans support his cause for reunification which the South Korean government does not seem to purse, and that he desires to ask Stalin for permission on an offensive action on South Korea.

  • January 22, 1950

    Telegram from Liu Shaoqi to Mao Zedong

    Liu Shaoqi reports to Mao Zedong that the ethnic Korean officers have arrived to bring back the ethnic Koreans to Korea. To the request of the North Korean officers in bringing back the weapons ethnic Korean officers had used, Mao responds in the affirmative.

  • January 30, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Shtykov

    Stalin asks Shtykov to relay a message to Kim Il Sung about North Korea's proposed offensive against South Korea and Soviet Union's request for lead from North Korea.

  • January 31, 1950

    Telegram from the USSR Ambassador to the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to Stalin

    As a response to Stalin's willingness to talk to Kim Il Sung on the issue of offensive attack to South Korea and on Stalin's request of lead, Kim Il Sung, according to Shtykov, responded that he would like to set up a meeting with him, and that he would take necessary measures for the lead to be delivered to the Soviet Union.

  • February 07, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Vyshinsky

    Shtykov relays to Vyshinsky Kim Il Sung's questions regarding the central committee's decision to issue a loan, on whether they can proceed toward forming more infantry, and on if North Korea could use in 1950 the credit the Soviet government had allocated for 1951. In answer to Kim Il Sung's requests, Shtykov answered ambiguously, stating that more thought needs to be put in.

  • February 09, 1950

    Telegram, from Vyshinsky to Shtykov

    Vyshinsky relays that all of the things that Kim Il Sung requested are allowed.

  • February 10, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Vyshinsky, re: Meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky reporting the results of his meeting on the same day with Kim Il Sung.

  • March 09, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky

    In a telegram to Shytykov which he then relays to Vyshinsky, Kim Il Sung writes that North Korea requests of the Soviet Union military and technical support. In return, North Korea is sending the natural resources such as gold and silver to Soviet Union. Kim requests that a