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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1944

    Letter from General Zygmunt Berling to General Julian Skokowski

    General Berling instructs General Skokowski on what actions to take if the Warsaw Uprising fails. His forces are to withdraw to the Kampinowska Forest or meet Gen. Berling's forces to the east of Zoliborz.

  • April 28, 1944

    Record of a Conversation between I. V. Stalin and the Roman Catholic Priest Stanislaus Orlemanski about the Feelings of the Polish Nationals in the United States toward the USSR

    Stalin and Stanislaus Orlemanski, an American priest of Polish-American heritage, discuss America's perception of the Soviet Union, and the relationship between Poland and the Soviet Union.

  • May 17, 1944

    Record of the Conversation of Comrade I.V. Stalin and Comrade V.M. Molotov with Polish Professor Lange

    Stalin meetings with Oscar Richard Lange, professor of economics at Chicago University. They discuss the Polish Army, the Polish government-in-exile in London, the formation of a new Polish state following the war.

  • June 23, 1944

    Notes of Stalin's Speech during a Reception at the Kremlin on 23 June 1944 to Celebrate the Achievement of the Agreement to Create the Polish Provisional Government of National Unity

    A refection on Stalin's 1944 speech commemorating the creation of the Polish Provisional Government discusses the history of Russo-Polish relations and Poland's need to have many powerful allies in the coming years.

  • October 09, 1944

    Record of Meeting at the Kremlin, Moscow, 9 October 1944, at 10 p.m.

    Churchill, Eden, Stalin, and Molotov discuss the leadership in Poland, Britains interests in Greece and Hong Kong, the actions of Romania and Bulgaria during the war, Turkey, the need for the Great Powers to exert influence on the Balkans to prevent small wars, the leadership of Italy, interests in Bulgaria and Romania, the dividing of Germany and Germany's future, and the American plans in the war against Japan.

  • October 13, 1944

    Record of Meeting Held at Spiridonovka House on 13 October at 5 p.m.

    M. Mikolajczyk discusses the Polish memorandum regarding the reconstruction and internal affairs of post-war Poland, Stalin reprimands Mikolajczyk for the extralegal approval of this memorandum. Churchill defends the memorandum, Stalin criticizes it, and Mikolajczyk emphasizes Poland's sovereignty as well as the legitimacy of the underground government in occupied Poland. Contentious discussion on the issue of the Curzon Line between Stalin and Mikolajczyk--Churchill acts as a mediator.

  • October 22, 1944

    Minutes of the PWP CC Meetings on 22 October 1944

    Bierut describes the meeting between Mikolajczyk, Stalin, and Churchill, discussing how Stalin rejected Mikolajczyk's memorandum on the Polish situation. Bierut, Churchill, and Stalin discuss the rebuilding of Poland: Churchill thinks reforms should be postponed until after the war, Stalin and Bierut disagree. Beirut and Mikolajczyk discuss the Curzon line and the PKWN. In a final meeting, Churchill, Stalin, and Bierut discuss Polands economy and infrastructure.

  • November 09, 1944

    Letter No. 402 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    The Canadian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, L.D. Wilgress, thoroughly reviews Soviet foreign policy in Europe, Asia, and in Latin America and its relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Wilgress optimistically concludes that "the Soviet Government are desirous of co-operating fully with the other great powers."

  • December 06, 1944

    Conversation between General de Gaulle and Marshal Stalin at the Kremlin 6 December 1944 from 18:00 to 19:45

    General de Gaulle and Marshal Stalin discuss the historical affinity between France and Poland, France's aim to support a Poland that can stand up to Germany in the future, France's support of the Curzon line as well as it insistence that Poland should remain an independent state. Stalin and de Gaulle discuss the concept of a "western bloc" of European nations, de Gaulle assures Stalin he has no aims to create such an alliance. De Gaulle reaffirms France's support for Poland as well as the need for friendship between France, Poland, and the USSR. They discuss the creation of a new league of nations.

  • December 08, 1944

    Conversation between General de Gaulle and Marshal Stalin Friday 8 December 1944

    General de Gaulle discusses France's positions on the German question in terms of Germany's borders, disarmament, and alliances. De Gaulle insists that Germany's Western border should not extend past the Rhine and that the country should be disarmed militarily, economically, and morally. He argues that international alliances between the USSR and France should be multilayered, and should include some involvement United States. Stalin argues for the benefit of a tripartite pact between the USSR, France, and England. Stalin then describes a pact between the USSR and France to bolster Poland.

  • December 14, 1944

    Minutes from a Meeting of the Politburo Held on 14 December 1944

    Bierut's account of three conversations with Stalin held between 6 and 14 December 1944. Stalin and Bierut discuss Poland's internal politics. In another meeting, Stalin and Bierut discuss France's attitude toward Poland; Stalin says that France only agreed to support Poland under pressure from the USSR.

  • December 18, 1944

    Minutes from a Meeting of the Military Division of the CC PPR Relating to Information Provided by Gen. Rola-Żymierski from his Talks with Stalin

    Polish representatives discuss their country's military with Stalin.

  • January 04, 1945

    Working Notes of V.M. Molotov on the 'Zones of Action' of the Soviet and the Anglo-American Troops

    A brief note by Molotov on the recognition of the Polish government.

  • March 06, 1945

    Letter from President Roosevelt to Stalin on an Acceptable Compromise Regarding the Composition of the Postwar Polish Government, 6 February 1945

    Letter from President Roosevelt to Stalin on an Acceptable Compromise Regarding the Composition of the Postwar Polish Government; discussing Soviet actions and the Polish government.

  • February 11, 1945

    Yalta Conference Agreement, Declaration of a Liberated Europe

    The text of the agreements reached at the Yalta (Crimea) Conference between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Generalissimo Stalin.

  • March 31, 1945

    Telephoned Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Poland V. Z. Lebedev to I. V. Stalin and M. V. Molotov

    Ambassador Lebedev reports about an appeal from the underground group "Stronnitstvo Ludove" to the Military Commandant of Krakow with a proposal for negotiations with the Polish Leadership.

  • April 03, 1945

    Report from Soviet Ambassador to Poland V. Z. Lebedev to V. M. Molotov

    Ambassador Lebedev reports the contents of a telegram from Veslav (Władysław Gomułka) about the situation in the Polish Underground.

  • May 02, 1945

    Memorandum by Sir Orme Sargent, Deputy Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office, to Winston Churchill

    Sir Orme Sargent suggests that the recent Soviet hardening towards Great Britain is due to the influence of Stalin's ministers; connects chilled relations with situation in Austria and Poland.

  • June 08, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with Stalin and Molotov

    Harriman updates the President on the adverse relations between the USSR and the United States; observes that Stalin cannot understand the United State's interest in establishing an independent Poland.

  • September 01, 1945

    Jakub Berman's Letter to Stalin: A Report on the Situation in Poland and Request for Advice and Help

    Jakub Berman, leading Polish communist, writes to Stalin a detailed list of events occuring in Poland dealing with the stability of the Post-War communist government.