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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • June 18, 1954

    Minutes, Meeting between Zhou Enlai and the Australian Minister for External Affairs, Richard Casey (Summary)

    Zhou and Casey discuss issues of Korean unification, PRCs recognition in the UN, and Indochina. Zhou insists that if a nation establishes military bases in another country's territory, it is for aggressive reasons.

  • June 28, 1954

    Record of the First Meeting between Premier Zhou and Prime Minister U Nu

    Zhou Enlai and U Nu first talked about the decision made on the Geneva Conference regarding the armistice in the Korean Peninsula and the role of the US in it. Then they talked about the elements that complicated the Sino-Burmese relations and the need for building mutual trust and signing a non-political agreement. They also discussed the principles they would have in a joint statement before the signing of this potential agreement.

  • April 03, 1955

    Minutes of Premier Zhou Enlai’s Meeting with Indonesian Ambassador Arnold Mononutu

    Indonesian Ambassador to China and Zhou Enlai talked about the Ambassador's plan to accompany Zhou Enlai to Burma before coming to Indonesia for the Asian-African Conference. They also discussed lodging for the Chinese delegation in Jakarta as well as the principle of non-interference in other countries' affairs.

  • May 10, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Comments on the Asian-African Conference from Capitalist Ruled Countries After the Asian-African Conference'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry summarizes (predominantly) Western leaders' statements about the Bandung Conference. Secretary Dulles expressed great satisfaction with the "useful and good conference," especially its role in "checking China," while Great Britain expressed strong disapproval of China's behavior at the conference and France was "shocked" that Algeria was discussed. Israel and Australia expressed regret that they were excluded from the conference.

  • May 10, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Comments on the Asian-African Conference from the Participating Countries After the Conference'

    Description of the reaction to the Asian-African Conference in both participating countries and capitalist ruled countries.

  • May 30, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Minister Cho on the unofficial visit of Korean vessels to Philippines and trade agreements between Philippines and Portugal, US, Australia, and Korea.

  • July 30, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the reshuffling of the Philippines' foreign service personnel in Tokyo, India, Seoul, and Burma.

  • November 29, 1956

    Letter, Director-General of Security Colonel Charles Spry to Prime Minsiter Robert Menzies

    Spry, the director of the Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), apologizes for the arrest of KGB defector Vladimir Petrov, who was under ASIO protection when he left a safehouse and got into an argument while drunk.

  • December 10, 1956

    Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Report, 'Australian Soviet Friendship Society'

    At a social event in Sydney held in honor of the Soviet Olympic team, Soviet runner Vladimir Kutz received a gift which contained a dead rat painted yellow.

  • September 05, 1957

    CDS Report No. 56 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on the Colombo Plan Conference, President Diem's visit to Australia, and recent Vietnamese affairs.

  • October 06, 1957

    L.H.K. Report No. 7 from Lincoln Hoon Kim to Francesca Rhee

    Minister Kim reports to Mrs. Rhee on the schedule of the week, including visit of the ICA Korean Educational Mission, dinner with the Swiss Minister, and meeting with Philippines' Undersecretary of Commerce and Industry.

  • November 29, 1957

    CDS Report No. 65 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on Japanese Premier Kishi's travels in Southeast Asia, the current situations in Thailand and Laos, and Malaya's fright against communism.

  • December 06, 1957

    CDS Report No. 66 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on Japanese PM Kishi's trip to Southeast Asia, the promotion of Korea-Vietnam cultural relations, the upcoming SEATO war maneuvers in Thailand, and other recent Vietnam and regional affairs.

  • November 13, 1958

    Journal Entry of Ambassador Volkov: A Conversation with Subandrio

    A journal entry from B.M. Volkov, the Soviet Ambassador to Indonesia, about a meeting with Subandrio, the Indonesian Minister of Foreign Affairs, on October 22, 1958. Over the course of about an hour, they discussed several issues of Indonesian internal and foreign affairs, including concerns about unrest in Thailand and interference from the West, tension with Australia over possession of West Irian (Indonesian New Guinea), Sukarno's upcoming visit to Latin America and Subandrio's upcoming visit to the Soviet Union.

  • January 20, 1966

    National Intelligence Estimate, NIE 4-66, 'The Likelihood of Further Nuclear Proliferation'

    This estimate updated an estimate (NIE-4-2-64) published in 1964 of the nuclear proliferation problem. That estimate, like this one, overestimated the likelihood of an Indian bomb, while somewhat underestimating Israel’s program. This assessment followed the same pattern—predicting India would produce a weapon within a “few years” and also putting Israel in the “might” category, although treating it as a “serious contender” nonetheless. Also following a short discussion of the “snowball effect” (later known as “proliferation cascades” or “chains”) suggesting that the United Arab Republic (Egypt-Syria) and Pakistan were likely to take the nuclear option should India or Israel go nuclear.

  • May 02, 1966

    Letter, H. G. Higgins to Vickram Sarabhai, 'Australian Pugwash Committee'

    H. G. Higgins, Chairman of the Australian Pugwash Committee, writes to Professor Sarabhai concerning an upcoming conference on "Scientific, Technical and Industrial Development in South-East Asia."

  • January 29, 1968

    Record of a Conversation with J. Rowland, Australian Ambassador to the USSR

    S.P. Kozyrev and J. Rowland debate the reasons behind the tense situation on the Korean Peninsula. Though Rowland is emphatic that the Soviet Union ought to pressure the DPRK to cease provocations, Kozyrev insists that the "DPRK is an independent country."

  • November 28, 1968

    Conversations between Mao Zedong and E. F. Hill

    Mao and Australian Communist Party leader E. F. Hill discuss the state the socialist movement in China and on the international stage.

  • May 21, 1973

    Sixth Interkit Meeting, Record of Meeting with Boris Ponomarev and Konstantin Katushev

    This record of a meeting with the secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Boris Ponomarev, and with the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Konstantin Katushev, addresses the anti-Soviet course adopted by Beijing. The discussion specifically refers to relations between China and the Communist parties of Albania, Romania, Australia, France, Italy, and New Zealand. The document also assesses the situation in Anwar el-Sadat's Egypt, in Hafez al-Assad's Syria, in Iraq, and in Yemen, the main idea being that the Socialist countries should support the development of progressive Arabic states.

  • October 31, 1973

    Record of Conversation with Premier Zhou Enlai and Prime Minister E.G. Whitlam

    Australian Prime Minister Whitlam offers Zhou Enlai an overview of his country's foreign policy interests. Analyzing the international relations among key nations in East and Southeast Asia.