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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 25, 1955

    Cable from Zhou Enlai, 'Specific Refutations against the American Disruption of Influence of the Afro-Asian Conference'

    Zhou Enlai's instructions to Wen Tian on countering the "Soviet neocolonialism" and "various forms of colonialism" argument from pro-American countries.

  • April 30, 1955

    Zhou Enlai’s Report to the CCP Central Committee and Mao Zedong Regarding the Cultural Cooperation Issue

    Zhou Enlai reports on the various attitudes of the Bandung Conference participants towards Afro-Asian cultural cooperation.

  • May 10, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Comments on the Asian-African Conference from the Participating Countries After the Conference'

    Description of the reaction to the Asian-African Conference in both participating countries and capitalist ruled countries.

  • November 22, 1957

    CDS Report No. 64 from Choi Duk Shin to the President (Syngman Rhee)

    Choi Duk Shin reports on Japanese Prime Minister Kishi's visit, the sharing of Korean culture in Saigon, and major events in South Vietnam and the surrounding region.

  • July 31, 1958

    First Conversation between N.S. Khrushchev and Mao Zedong, Hall of Huaizhentan [Beijing]

    Mao Zedong and N.S. Khrushchev discuss a joint navy, use of China’s coastline and advisers in both countries.

  • August 23, 1958

    Memoir by Wu Lengxi, 'Inside Story of the Decision Making during the Shelling of Jinmen'

    Wu Lengxi, a member of the CCP Central Committee, recalls events in August 1958 when Chinese Communist forces along the Fujian coast began an intensive artillery bombardment of the Nationalist-controlled Jinmen Island. He recalls a Politburo Standing Committee meeting in which Mao states that the bombardment was in part motivated by events in the Middle East.

  • December 18, 1958

    Report of the Hungarian Ambassador in Baghdad on the preparations for the Iraqi revolution in 1958

    This report by the Hungarian ambassador in Baghdad details the time leading up to the Iraqi Revolution of July 14, 1958, highlighting particularly the role of the Iraqi communist party and Brigadier General Qasim.

  • February 15, 1963

    Memorandum of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Prince Sihanouk

    Mao Zedong and Norodom Sihanouk exchange views on capitalist and imperialist countries, particularly on India, the US, Thailand, Yemen, and Iraq.

  • January 04, 1968

    Report by the Bulgarian Foreign Minister on the Ministerial Meeting in Warsaw on the Situation in the Middle East, 19-21 December 1967

    Ivan Bashev presents a report on the CPSU-organized meeting in Warsaw, where Eastern European government officials exchanged views on the situation in the Middle East. Among the discussed topics were the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Yemeni Civil War, and recent developments in Iraq.

  • September 18, 1969

    Report about a Meeting with the General Director of the Iraqi Directorate for Security, Lieutenant General al-Ani

    Iraq's General Director of Security al-Ani seeks a solution to deal with the United States, West Germany, Israel, and other imperialist and reactionary states have launched active diversionary activities against the new Iraqi regime. The solution that he reaches is to contact the socialist countries for help, beginning with East Germany. Al-Ani meets with the East Germans and they are not opposed to cooperation between the two states.

  • October 08, 1969

    Proposal for the Reception of the Minister of Interior of the Republic of Iraq by Comrade Colonel General Mielke

    Report on a meeting with Iraqi Minister of the Interior Saleh Mahdi el Ammash. Ammash requested assistance for the Iraqi intelligence agency, including training of Iraqi officers in Germany, surveillance technology, and instructional material. Colonel General Mielke provides options for a reserved response. Also included in an appendix is a biography of General Ammash and information about Iraq's current domestic policy.

  • February 15, 1972

    Report from Etre Sándor, 'Foreign visits of the DPRK’s governmental delegations. Visit of Comrade Pak Seong-cheol to Hungary'

    A report by Etre Sandor providing details about five North Korean governmental delegations to Africa and Middle East and the visit of Pak Seong-cheol to Hungary.

  • February 24, 1972

    Report on the Visit of Saddam Hussein to the USSR

    During the visit of Saddam Hussein to the Soviet Union, the delegation discussed with Soviet leaders the need for strengthening Iraqi-Soviet relations to give positive guidance on the situation in the Middle East. The Iraqi delegation also promoted their intention to develop relations with other Arab states in order to decrease the effects of imperialism. Topics of discussion also included Iraqi oil policy and domestic conflict.

  • May 21, 1973

    Sixth Interkit Meeting, Record of Meeting with Boris Ponomarev and Konstantin Katushev

    This record of a meeting with the secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), Boris Ponomarev, and with the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, Konstantin Katushev, addresses the anti-Soviet course adopted by Beijing. The discussion specifically refers to relations between China and the Communist parties of Albania, Romania, Australia, France, Italy, and New Zealand. The document also assesses the situation in Anwar el-Sadat's Egypt, in Hafez al-Assad's Syria, in Iraq, and in Yemen, the main idea being that the Socialist countries should support the development of progressive Arabic states.

  • March 26, 1975

    Saddam Hussein’s political portrait - compiled for Foreign Minister Frigyes Puja prior to the Iraqi leader’s visit to Hungary in May 1975

    This report on Saddam Hussein as vice president of the Revolutionary Commanding Council describes Hussein's personal background, political views, and negotiating persona. Frigyes Puja ordered the compilation of information on Saddam Hussein two months before his visit to Hungary.

  • April, 1975

    Report on the Result of the Visit to the USSR by Saddam Hussein

    The Soviet meeting with Saddam Hussein resulted in affirmation of Soviet-Iraqi cooperation, arrangements to improve Soviet-Iraqi relations, evaluation of Iraqi-Iranian relations, discussion of Kurdish autonomy within Iraq, and emphasis to strengthen relations with other Arab countries.

  • July 07, 1976

    Memorandum for the President, 'Commercial Relations of Brazil with Petroleum Producing Countries'

    This internal memo describes Brazil’s relations with oil producers as of 1976. It highlights the importance of Iraq as an oil supplier and the necessity of expanding exports to reduce the deficit in bilateral trade.

  • June 03, 1978

    Transcript of a Speech Given by Saddam Hussein on 'The Role of the Iraqi Armed Forces in the Arab-Zionist Conflict' at Al-Bakr University

    Saddam Hussein lectures on the history of Israel and Iraq's involvement in the Arab-Israeli wars.

  • December, 1978

    Report to the German Democratic Republic on Discussions with Saddam Hussein

    In this report, the Soviet Union informs the East German government that during their talks with the Iraqi delegation, led by Saddam Hussein, the Soviets stated that the Arab states must first end the policy of separate deals in order to resolve many Middle East problems. The Soviet Union addressed the need to stop imperialistic and anti-Arab policies in the Middle East.

  • December 12, 1978

    TELEGRAM 067.069 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Iraqi government agrees to grant the DPRK an interest-free loan worth $50 million.