Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945
Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.
December 10, 1945
Soviet Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'
This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.
January 11, 1946
Untitled memorandum on the political and morale situation of Soviet troops in North Korea and the economic situation in Korea
A Soviet report on the first several months of the occupation of North Korea.
April 02, 1946
Protocol No. 18 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)
Special dossier containing a resolution to send a Soviet geological prospecting party to survey North Korea for beryllium.
August 29, 1946
Kim Il Sung, 'For the Establishment of a United Party of the Working Masses: Report to the Inaugural Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea'
Kim Il Sung's speech at the 1st Congress of the Korean Workers' Party.
Top Secret Documents on the China Situation
North Korean intelligence on events in the Chinese Civil War.
January 01, 1947
Letter to General-Lieutenant Hodge on Northern Korea Providing Electricity to Southern Korea
Shtykov informs Ignatev of South Korea's current inability to pay its debt for electricity to North Korea.
April 25, 1947
Protocol No. 36 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (Excerpt)
Special dossier refining aspects of the geological prospecting party to North Korea, to extract "rare elements".
May 12, 1947
Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin
Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.
July 05, 1947
What Every Political Party and Social Organization Must Demand on the Establishment of a Democratic Interim Government of Korea
A reprinting of Kim Il Sung's June 14, 1947, speech to the Democratic National United Front on the establishment of a democratic interim government. An appendix to the publication contains Kim Il Sung's June 23, 1947, speech, "To the Korean Youth Before the Establishment of the Democratic Interim Government."
Telegram to Vyshinsky in New York
Discusses the Korean question. One idea is that it might be resolved based upon the Moscow Agreement of 1945. Other suggestions include proposing to the Americans that both the Americans and the Soviets take back all their troops from Korean soil, and that if talks are going to be held, representatives from both North and South Korea must be present.
October 23, 1947
Letter from Molotov to Stalin
Molotov stating that according to Stalin's direction Vyshinsky's telegram about the Korean problem will be revised.
November 14, 1947
The Problem of the Independence of Korea
UN Resolution 112 (II), "The Problem of the Independence of Korea," calls for elections to be held and for foreign troops to withdraw in order to achieve the unification of the Korean Peninsula.
April 12, 1948
Protocol No. 61 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)
Memorandum of the Special Committee of the CC CPSU postponing the geological prospecting for uranium in North Korea.
July 11, 1948
Record of Conversation between Kim Gu and Liu Yuwan
Kim Gu (Kim Koo) and the Chinese Nationalist Minister Liu Yuwan discuss Kim's participation in the South Korean government, his attendance at a conference in Pyongyang, and the possibility of a Russian-led attack on southern Korea.
October 10, 1948
Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction
The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.
October 12, 1948
Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung
Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.
November 20, 1948
The Korean People's Army
A collection of speeches of Kim Il Sung, Kim Du-bong, Choe Yong-geon, and Kim Dal-hyeon on the Korean People's Army in 1948.
December 12, 1948
The Problem of the Independence of Korea
After accepting the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea's report on the validity of the South Korean election, the UN General Assembly passes Resolution 195 to recognize the Republic of Korea as a legitimate government on the Korean Peninsula.
December 25, 1948
The Operation of the People’s Economy and the System of Planning
Published by the State Planning Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948, this pamphlet describes the economy of Korea during the colonial period and lays out the policy changes made since liberation.