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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945

    Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.

  • April 02, 1946

    Protocol No. 18 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)

    Special dossier containing a resolution to send a Soviet geological prospecting party to survey North Korea for beryllium.

  • January 01, 1947

    Letter to General-Lieutenant Hodge on Northern Korea Providing Electricity to Southern Korea

    Shtykov informs Ignatev of South Korea's current inability to pay its debt for electricity to North Korea.

  • April 25, 1947

    Protocol No. 36 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (Excerpt)

    Special dossier refining aspects of the geological prospecting party to North Korea, to extract "rare elements".

  • May 12, 1947

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.

  • July 05, 1947

    What Every Political Party and Social Organization Must Demand on the Establishment of a Democratic Interim Government of Korea

    A reprinting of Kim Il Sung's June 14, 1947, speech to the Democratic National United Front on the establishment of a democratic interim government. An appendix to the publication contains Kim Il Sung's June 23, 1947, speech, "To the Korean Youth Before the Establishment of the Democratic Interim Government."

  • October, 1947

    Telegram to Vyshinsky in New York

    Discusses the Korean question. One idea is that it might be resolved based upon the Moscow Agreement of 1945. Other suggestions include proposing to the Americans that both the Americans and the Soviets take back all their troops from Korean soil, and that if talks are going to be held, representatives from both North and South Korea must be present.

  • October 23, 1947

    Letter from Molotov to Stalin

    Molotov stating that according to Stalin's direction Vyshinsky's telegram about the Korean problem will be revised.

  • November 14, 1947

    The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    UN Resolution 112 (II), "The Problem of the Independence of Korea," calls for elections to be held and for foreign troops to withdraw in order to achieve the unification of the Korean Peninsula.

  • April 12, 1948

    Protocol No. 61 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)

    Memorandum of the Special Committee of the CC CPSU postponing the geological prospecting for uranium in North Korea.

  • July 11, 1948

    Record of Conversation between Kim Gu and Liu Yuwan

    Kim Gu (Kim Koo) and the Chinese Nationalist Minister Liu Yuwan discuss Kim's participation in the South Korean government, his attendance at a conference in Pyongyang, and the possibility of a Russian-led attack on southern Korea.

  • October 10, 1948

    Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction

    The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.

  • October 12, 1948

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.

  • November 20, 1948

    The Korean People's Army

    A collection of speeches of Kim Il Sung, Kim Du-bong, Choe Yong-geon, and Kim Dal-hyeon on the Korean People's Army in 1948.

  • December 12, 1948

    The Problem of the Independence of Korea

    After accepting the United Nations Temporary Commission on Korea's report on the validity of the South Korean election, the UN General Assembly passes Resolution 195 to recognize the Republic of Korea as a legitimate government on the Korean Peninsula.

  • December 25, 1948

    The Operation of the People’s Economy and the System of Planning

    Published by the State Planning Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948, this pamphlet describes the economy of Korea during the colonial period and lays out the policy changes made since liberation.

  • 1949

    The Korean Government Delegation's Visit to Moscow (Korean Version)

    A report on a trip to Moscow made by a Korean government delegation, including information on what the delegation has seen and the conclusion of treaties with the Soviet Union on the economy, culture and technical assistance.

  • January 14, 1949

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Stalin, Nanjing Peace Proposal

    Mao informs Stalin that they published a list of conditions under which they would consider entering negotiations with the Chinese Nationalist Government in Nanjing.

  • March 01, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Anastas Mikoyan and Zhou Enlai

    Anastas and Zhou Enlai discuss Muslims in China, Chinese policy in inner Mongolia, the Guomindang navy, Guomindang forces, characteristics of Guomindang leaders, PLA arms, PLA military requests, PLA intelligence, and the organization of the war ministry. (Evening)