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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 01, 1953

    Soviet Plan to Assassinate Tito

    NKVD plan to assassinate Josip Broz Tito by a Soviet covert agent, codenamed “Max.” The plan envisions assassinating Tito during a private audience during Tito’s forthcoming visit to London, or at a diplomatic reception in Belgrade. This document was not dated.

  • 1953

    Message to CC CPSU G.M. Malenkov about Obstacles in Iranian Azerbaijan

    Malenkov reports complaints about the organization of the Democratic Party of Iranian Azerbaijan in Baku and its radio station.

  • January 02, 1953

    CPSU CC Resolution Approving the Deployment of Border Guards along the Eastern Border of the GDR

    CPSU CC Resolution Approving the Deployment of Border Guards along the Eastern Border of the GDR

  • January 03, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Sokolovsky, Transmitting a Letter from Kim Il Sung to Filippov [Stalin]

    Kim Il Sung explains the various reasons for the difficulty in communication. Along with the letter there is a list of communications equipment that the Korean People's Army particularly needs in order to function fully.

  • January 15, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Semenov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    Stalin informs Mao that his request was impossible to complete at the time, but that the Soviet government is able to send 600,000 units of ammunition and 332 guns. The ammunition will be supplied monthly from January-April, 150,000 each month. The guns will also be supplied monthly from January-February, 166 guns each month.

  • January 21, 1953

    VGU Information on Activities of the Swiss, Belgian, Dutch and Swedish Intelligences Services

    Report on the intelligence activities of some Western governments in Sofia. The report identifies the main areas of interest of the foreign intelligence services, names of some agents and names of collaborators.

  • January 22, 1953

    Radio Liberty Editorial Policies Defined

    A CIA memorandum formulates guidelines for RL broadcasts to be conducted by a Coordinating Center of Soviet exiles

  • January 28, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Semenov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    Stalin informs Mao that the Soviets are able to deliver 10 torpedo boats, 83 aircrafts - of which 32 are torpedo bombers TU-2, 35 are LA-11 fighter aircrafts -, 26 guns (37 mm), 8 guns (180mm), and ammunition. As for advisors, they're able to send an additional three.

  • January 29, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Mao Zedong to Semenov [Stalin]

    Mao requests from the Soviet government 3,000 tons ammonal, 24 million blasting caps, and 9.6 million meters of safety fuse. He asks that these things be supplied February-March, in two parts.

  • February 02, 1953

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to China, A.S. Paniushkin, with the Bulgarian Ambassador, Ia.K. Petkov, 5 January 1953

    The Bulgarian Ambassador to China Petkov describes his time as a prisoner of war in Greece during WWII as well as the rapid growth of the Bulgarian economy since 1940.

  • February 02, 1953

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to China A.S. Paniushkin with the Chair of the City People’s Government in Beijing, Peng Zhen, 6 January 1953

    Peng Zhen talked about the great significance for China of the 19th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Regarding difficulties that the CCP struggled with in the first year after the formation of the PRC, Peng Zhen said that at that time the party needed to carry on significant work regarding the ideological reeducation of a significant part of the intelligentsia, which incorrectly understood the role and significance of the Soviet Union in the matter of the victory of the revolution in China.

  • February 11, 1953

    State Department Views of Radio Liberty Broadcasting

    The State Department comments on the January 22, 1953 CIA paper ["Radio Liberty Editorial Policies Defined"], raising the issue of likely restraints from West Germany when it regains sovereignty.

  • February 13, 1953

    USSR Council of Ministers Decree, 'On the Plan of Scientific-Research Work on Long-Range Missiles in 1953-1955'

    Council of Ministers decree approving development of several intercontinental missiles

  • February 18, 1953

    CPSU Politburo Decision Along with Proposals from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Trade

    Decision to adopt the proposal made by the Minister of Foreign Trade and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and to defer the DPRK's loan payments represented in the Agreement of 14 November 1951.

  • February 18, 1953

    TASS to CPSU on 'Anti-Soviet propaganda of the Voice of America' on Death of Lev Mekhlis

    This TASS information bulletin was sent to the Central Committee and the USSR Council of Ministers. Note the distribution to Stalin and Malenkov only.

  • March, 1953

    Letter from Zhang Jiafu, 'Communication of Party Organizer of Delegation of Chinese Scientists [to the Soviet Union]'

    Description of a delegation of Chinese scientists and party members traveling to the Soviet Union.

  • March 04, 1953

    Report, Legation of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Detailed report from Minister Károly Pásztor on his meeting with Kim Il Sung on 17 February 1953.

  • March 05, 1953

    CPSU CC Protocol, 'Record of Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the CPSU Central Committee Plenum, the Council of Ministers of the Union of the SSR, and the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR'

    This protocol concerns the meeting of the CPSU Presidium & Soviet Council of Ministers as Stalin was about to die.

  • March 11, 1953

    Memorandum of Discussion at the 136th Meeting of the National Security Council

    The US National Security Council discusses the effect that Stalin’s death had on Soviet policy and on Communist Parties outside of the USSR, as well as the opportunity it provided the US to use Stalin’s death in a psychological strategy to influence the Soviets. The Council also discusses the possibility of negotiations for a settlement with the Soviets in Korea.

  • March 14, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Kim Il Sung and Peng Dehuai

    Telegram from Razuvaev discussing POWs and what precedents established at the Geneva Conference must be met. Razuvaev also asks whether their side is ready for immediate repatriation of seriously ill and seriously wounded prisoners of UN troops.