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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 05, 1955

    Record of Conversation with Chairman of the Jagang Provincial People's Committee Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak

    Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak discusses the conclusion of the 10th KWP CC Plenum, where organizational issues within the Party have been discussed.

  • April 13, 1955

    Record of a Conversation with Editor of the Journal “Novaya Koreya” Song Jin-hwa

    Song Jin-hwa shares his impressions of the results of the 10th KWP CC Plenum, where the nature of the Korean revolution, the development of socialism in North Korea, and the situation in South Korea was discussed.

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from B. Ponomarev to the CPSU Central Committee

    Ponomarev reports on the arrest of Pak Heon-yeong, a leading figure of the Party who has been accused of plotting against the Party and government.

  • May 11, 1955

    Report from I. Kurdyukov to V.M. Molotov

    Molotov and Kurdyukov discuss political purges under Kim Il Sung, who has established a Stalin-like cult of personality in North Korea and the ongoing relief efforts by various Communist countries to provide food aid to North Korea.

  • June 21, 1955

    Record of Conversation with Chairman of the Jagang Provincial People's Committee Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak

    Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak informs Petrov of the expanded KWP CC Presidium meeting, specifically dealing with steps to improve the management of agriculture and issues of Party and state leadership.

  • December 02, 1955

    Decision by the December Plenum of the Central Committee of the Korean Workers’ Party held on 2nd and 3rd of December 1955 concerning the Criminal and Anti-Party Activities by Kim Yeol

    Kim Il Sung described the "criminal" activities of Kim Yeol in Hwanghae. The Central Committee of Workers' Party decided to exclude him form the party and bring him to trial.

  • December 04, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 4 December 1955

    DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan and Minister of Construction Kim Seung-hwa report to Ivanov about the KWP CC plenum decision to expel Pak Il-u and Kim Yeol from the party and the Central Committee. The conversation touches on the issue of a group of Soviet Korean members who have been accused of supporting anti-Party reactionary writers.

  • December 06, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 6 December 1955

    Nam Il tells Ivanov that Kim Il Sung is actively working to settle the issue of citizenship among Soviet Koreans in the party. Kim acknowledges that granting them citizenship could help ease relations between them and local Koreans. Nam insists that Kim does not believe that the Soviet Koreans are ill-intentioned.

  • December 07, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 7 December 1955

    Ivanov speaks with Kim Il Sung about the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC plenum. The plenum touched upon plans to improve North Korea’s agriculture sector. Ivanov describes in length Kim’s accusation of Chinese and Soviet Korean party members of undermining the party leadership. Ivanov advises against categorizing party members as Soviet, Chinese, or local.

  • December 22, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 22 December 1955

    Nam Il explains that all Soviet Koreans are facing hostility from local Koreans due to the mistakes of a few individuals, who he says have warranted condemnation by failing to assimilate properly to political and private life in the DPRK. The two also discuss recent developments in Sweden's and Switzerland's efforts to reorganize the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission.

  • December 29, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 29 December 1955

    Nam Il reports to Ivanov the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC Presidium. Several Soviet Korean party members, active in the literature and propaganda fields, presented their self-criticisms at the meeting.

  • January 24, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan, 24 January 1956

    Pak reports on the recent KWP CC Presidium decision, “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature and Art,” which was directed at the alleged hostile factional activity of Soviet Koreans. Pak says that the persecution of Soviet Koreans is ungrounded, as they do not pose a threat to the Party, and that in fact, favoring members of the local “faction” over members of other backgrounds may undermine the Party’s integrity.

  • February 21, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak tells Filatov that he does not fully agree with the KWP CC Presidium decision regarding Pak Chang-ok because the Presidium's failure to cite specific evidence. Pak Ui-wan says that he spoke well of Pak Chang-ok in a recent meeting with Kim Il Sung.

  • February 25, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and Pak Yeong-bin

    Pak says that while he himself has admitted to his mistakes and engaged in self-criticism, Pak Chang-ok continues to deny that he had engaged in factionalist, anti-Party activity. Pak Yeong-bin also describes several factors that may have played a role in the “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature” decision made by Kim Il Sung and the Presidium.

  • February 29, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan tells Filatov about a conversation he had with Kim Il Sung regarding Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, and other Soviet Korean party members.

  • March 05, 1956

    Record of a conversation with DPRK Minister of Construction Kim Seung-hwa by Soviet Embassy Counsellor in the DPRK S. N. Filatov, 5 March 1956

    Kim Seung-hwa speaks to Filatov about his recent inspection trip to a fertilizer plant. Kim says that he does not support the KWP CC Presidium decision “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature and Art” and its proponents’ aim to characterize Soviet Koreans as an anti-Party faction.

  • March 17, 1956

    Telegram from USSR Charge d'Affaires ad interim to the DPRK A.M. Petrov addressed to USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs V.M. Molotov

    Petrov reports on the ongoing case of former Minister of Internal Affairs and KKorean Workers' Party member Pak Il-u, three months after he was arrested.

  • April 19, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Diary entry of a conversation between V.I. Ivanov and Kim Il Sung about whether Pak Heon-yeong should be put to death or not.

  • April 24, 1956

    Third Party Congress of the Korean Workers Party held from 24 to 30 April 1956

    Kim Il Sung discusses the North Korean economy and the five-year economic plan.Three documents are added to the note: 1) A report created by the commission for mandate examination. The report covers the action of the election for the Party Congress and the composition of the delegates.2) Minutes of a speech Kim Du-bong gave, overviewing North Korean achievements and objectives. 3) A list of members of the Central Committee and Politburo of the Labor Party that were elected on the Party Congress.

  • June 21, 1956

    Memorandum of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo on 16 June 1956

    Conversation between DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo and Kurdyukov of USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Ri is concerned about personality cult in DPRK, and argues that KWP leadership needs serious ideological help from CPSU CC; that is to say, help is needed from outside.