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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 10, 1945

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'

    This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.

  • May 12, 1947

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.

  • October, 1947

    Telegram to Vyshinsky in New York

    Discusses the Korean question. One idea is that it might be resolved based upon the Moscow Agreement of 1945. Other suggestions include proposing to the Americans that both the Americans and the Soviets take back all their troops from Korean soil, and that if talks are going to be held, representatives from both North and South Korea must be present.

  • March 06, 1954

    Letter, James A. Van Fleet to President Syngman Rhee

    General Van Fleet addresses his concern for the Far East. While some Americans are calling for US withdrawal from South Korea, he insists that the US has a “morale and a material obligation” in the Peninsula.

  • January 31, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    A Korean Worker's Party document which discusses the incomplete nature of the revolution in which the peninsula remains divided and South Korea under American influence. The document also points out the responsibilities of the Party to complete socialist development in North Korea during the transitional period.

  • December 12, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 12 December 1955

    Ivanov meets with Chinese Ambassador Pan Zili. Pan reports that Sweden and Switzerland are working to reorganize the Neutral Nations Korean Armistice Supervisory Commission.

  • February 26, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26 February 1958

    Puzanov discusses with Nam Il and Kim Il Sung about the US and FRG statements to return two American and two FRG citizens who were on the aircraft which flew into DPRK from South Korea on February 16 and preparations for the DPRK response.

  • June 03, 1958

    From the Journal of N.T. Fedorenko, Reception of DPRK Ambassador in the USSR Ri San-pal

    Ri San-pal responds to Senator Mike Mansfield's comments on inter-Korean relations and briefs N.T. Federenko on North Korea's diplomatic relations with Eygpt.

  • May 02, 1963

    The Development of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's Reunification Policy

    The report offers a summary and an evaluation of North Korea's reunification plans from 1945 through 1962.

  • August 20, 1965

    Record of Conversation between Premier Kim and the Chinese Friendship Delegation

    Kim Il Sung and the Chinese Friendship Delegation discuss agriculture issues in China and North Korea, the war in Vietnam, and confrontation with the United States.

  • April 09, 1966

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Seong-cheol

    Pak Seong-cheol claims that the American forces in South Korea are a hindrance in the way of reunification and comments on Soviet-North Korean relations and Japan.

  • May 13, 1967

    Memorandum on Audience for Comrades Heintze and Breitenstein with Comrade Pak Seong-cheol

    Based on remarks made by Kim Il Sung, Pak Seong-cheol discusses North Korea's military policy, relations with the United States, the Vietnam War, and the state of the communist bloc.

  • June 26, 1967

    Excerpt from Information Report Embassy Bucharest of 26 June 1967

    East German diplomats report on U.S. foreign policy in South Korea, and allege that China wishes to overthrow Kim Il Sung.

  • November 17, 1967

    Letter, Pak Seong-cheol to Mr. Corneliu Manescu containing "Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea"

    Pak Seong-cheol sends a letter containing "Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK" which denounces United States' enforcement of a General Assembly resolution on the Korean Question.

  • November 20, 1967

    Record of Conversation Between A.A. Gromyko and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK Comrade Pak Seong-cheol

    A record of conversation on the question of the withdrawal of the US troops from South Korea and the tense situation along the demarcation line.

  • January 23, 1968

    Telegram From the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command, and Commander of United States, Korea (Bonesteel) to the Commander in Chief, Pacific (Sharp)

    The ROK Minister of Defense expresses his displeasure for the lack of a U.S. response towards the Blue House Raid as compared to the Pueblo incident.

  • January 24, 1968

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, TOP SECRET, No: 75.015, Flash

    The Embassy of Romania in the DPRK offers a summary of a meeting hosted by Kim Jae-bong, the DPRK Deputy Foreign Minister, in the wake of the Blue House Raid and the capture of the USS Pueblo.

  • January 24, 1968

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, TOP SECRET, No. 76.013, Flash

    The Embassy of Romania in the DPRK reports on the response of the North Korean press to the Blue House Raid and announces that an American ship, the USS Pueblo, has been captured by the North Koreans near Wonsan.

  • January 24, 1968

    Memorandum of the Foreign Ministry of the DPRK for the Ambassadors and Acting Ambassadors of all Socialist Countries accredited to the DPRK

    Kim Jae-bong claims the U.S. is trying to instigate a new war in Korea via the USS Pueblo Incident and urges the socialist countries to support North Korea.

  • January 25, 1968

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, TOP SECRET, No. 76.016, Flash

    The Embassy of Romania in the DPRK takes note of changes in the U.S. military posture in Korea and Japan following North Korea's seizure of the USS Pueblo.