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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 28, 1953

    Report No. 1 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland In the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 January 1953 to 28 February 1953

    A wide range of topics are addressed, including the basic guidelines of the 5th Plenum of the KWP CC, education, espionage, culture, transportation, agriculture and the economic situation in ROK.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Record of the Conference held between President Rhee and Secretary Dulles (Second Session)

    During the second Dulles-Rhee conference, President Rhee and Secretary Dulles led the discussion with the subject of Korean rehabilitation. Rhee makes a few suggestions that both sides should consider if Korean reconstruction should take place. These suggestions include: 1) rehabilitating Korean productive industry, 2) directly allocating money for Korea’s rehabilitation instead of doing so through the reconstruction of the Japanese economy and, 3) prevent the importation of Japanese technicians to Korea. Dulles answers he will consider Rhee suggestions, however, the US will continue to aid Japan to prevent losing her to communism.

  • August 06, 1953

    Summary Memorandum, US-ROK Mutual Defense Treaty (August 6)

    In 1953, Secretary Dulles met President Rhee to discuss the US-ROK mutual defense treaty. This summary memorandum notes twelve of Rhee’s requests and/or points he will like this treaty to incorporate. These include the number of ROKA divisions, which economic model the US should use to help Korea’s economy, and the request for moral and material support for the ROK to resume war with the north. This summary also notes whether the US granted, wanted to further discuss, or rejected each point.

  • March 04, 1954

    Letter, President Syngman Rhee to General Van Fleet

    President Rhee once again suggests that the US government should increase the ROK defense forces. It will not only be cheaper to fund Korean (over American) divisions, it also means that Americans do not need to fight in Korea. Rhee then negotiates that if the US government implements the necessary military buildup aid, he too will not take any “unilateral action” for or against the future Geneva Conference until after it has been in session. Finally, Rhee advocates his disapproval of US interest to build up Japan.

  • June, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Top Secret Instructions to the ROK Delegation

    The South Korean delegation at the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference is told that "all the Free Nations of Asia should join in guaranteeing eternal security for each other" through a collective security arrangement.

  • August 20, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General James A. Van Fleet

    Syngman Rhee writes to General James A. Van Fleet to express his dissatisfaction with the United States' defense committment to South Korea and the rest of the free world. After describing his own "plan for military action" on the Korean Peninsula, Rhee also touches on South Korea's delicate relationship with Japan.

  • 1955

    Letter, to Dr. Hongkee Karl, Director of the Office of Public Information

    Request for comment on a report that the Japanese Prime Minister proposed meeting with Syngman Rhee and establishing diplomatic relations with South Korea.

  • March 08, 1955

    Statement of Young P. Lee, Chairman of the Central Liaison Office, Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League

    Young P. Lee objects to Japan attending a meeting of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League.

  • October 05, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    Kim's gratitude to Rhee on the hospitality shown at Kim's visit to Chinhae and report on trade issues between Japan and ROK

  • October 05, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    Report on Japanese parties' progress in merging, Russo-Japanese talk, Philippines Reparation Talks, and Fishing Industry

  • October 12, 1955

    Political Report from Yong Shik Kim [Kim Yong-shik] to Office of the president

    Report on recent policies and economic trend of Japan, with Hatoyama's view on diplomatic affairs

  • October 12, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    On Kim's meeting with Justice Minister to discuss Omura Detainee case

  • October 12, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    Information from Minister Lee in London on recent Japanese foreign affair policies

  • October 17, 1955

    Letter, President Syngman Rhee to Yong Shik Kim [Kim Yong-shik] of the Korean Mission in Japan

    Request of ROK to Japan regarding arrestments of Korean detainees

  • October 19, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    On Kim's meeting with members of office regarding Omura case

  • November 01, 1955

    Report, Kim Yong-shik, 'Korea-Japan Civil Trade'

    Report on Korea's policy on trade with Japan and recommendations on implementation of trade policy.

  • November, 1955

    Korean Mission in Japan, 'Additional Note Dictated over phone by Madam Rhee from Chinhae'

    Directions regarding the Detainee issue in Japan

  • November, 1955

    Report, Korean Mission in Japan, 'Korean Sea-Laver Issue'

    Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry's refusal of custom clearance on Korean sea-laver [seaweed] and the protest and the meeting following the incident

  • November 03, 1955

    Letter, Minister Yong Shik Kim [Kim Yong-shik] to Office of the President

    Information on attached documents on implementation of Korea-Japan trade and unconfirmed report regarding custom clearance

  • November 03, 1955

    Letter, Minister Yong Shik Kim [Kim Yong-shik] to Office of the President

    Report on Atoms-on-Peace exhibition