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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 19, 1953

    National Security Council Report, NSC 158, 'United States Objectives and Actions to Exploit the Unrest in the Satellite States'

    Recommendations adopted by the National Security Council at the suggestion of the Psychological Strategy Board on covert actions to be undertaken in the Soviet Satellite States. Authorized by the National Security Council, NSC 158 envisaged aggressive psychological warfare to exploit and heighten the unrest behind the Iron Curtain. The policy was endorsed by President Eisenhower on June 26, 1953.

  • February 25, 1956

    Khrushchev's Secret Speech, 'On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences,' Delivered at the Twentieth Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    In a secret speech before a closed plenum of the 20th Congress of the CPSU, Khrushchev denounced Stalin’s cult of the personality. In addition, he revealed that Stalin had rounded up thousands of people and sent them into a huge system of political work camps (Gulags). This revelation was met with astonishment by many present for the speech, but helped to break the power that Stalin still held over the country.

  • July 02, 1962

    Agreement about Cooperation between the Committee for State Security under the USSR Council of Ministers and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

    The two delegations outline ways to unite their security apparatuses in the fight against subversive activity. Bilateral measures to be taken include the implementation of material and informational exchanges on hostile individuals and the sharing of news on the form and manner of unfriendly activity.

  • April 14, 1967

    Gosteleradio Memo to CPSU Central Committee, 'Ideological Subversion on the Airwaves of Foreign Radio Stations Broadcasting in the Russian language'

    This memo from N. Mesyatsev, Chairman, Broadcast and Television Committee, Council of Ministers, analyzes Western radio “propaganda” and credits Western broadcasts with being “an effective tool of ideological intervention.” The document notes that the broadcasts pay attention to Soviet dissidents, and mentions their use of humor and Western music.

  • March 16, 1968

    Memorandum to the CPSU CC from N. Mesyatsev, Chairman, Broadcast and Television Committee, Council of Ministers, USSR

    This document discusses Western radio programming aimed at the intelligentsia and dissidents, and cites the use of samizdat by Western broadcasters.

  • September 18, 1968

    Report on and Copy of Pro-Czech Propaganda in the Ukraine

    Report on and transcript of an anonymous propaganda leaflet found among Ukrainian students, on the situation in Czechoslovakia.

  • November 05, 1968

    Report Relayed by Andropov to the CPSU Central Committee, 'Students and the Events in Czechoslovakia'

    KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov presents a secret, 33-page report to the CPSU Central Committee about the mood of Soviet college students. The report had been completed sometime before the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, and had been circulating within the KGB. It is not clear precisely who drafted the report, but Andropov’s cover memorandum and the report itself indicate that the author was a college student in Odessa who had recently finished his degree.

  • November 13, 1969

    Stasi Note on Meeting with KGB Officials, 13 November 1969

    Meeting between KGB First Deputy S. K. Zvigun (Tsvigun) and East German Minister for State Security Mielke. They discuss anti-Soviet "ideological subversion" on the part of the United States and other enemies, as well as Soviet dissidents such as Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov.

  • October 31, 1975

    CC CPSU Report, About Some Results of Preventive-Prophylactic Work of the State Security Organs

    The Committee for State Security reported on actions taken to increase preventive-prophylactic work for preventing crimes against the Soviet Union. The Committee cites drops in the number of people subjected to criminal punishment, severe crimes against the state, and anti-Soviet propaganda as results of strengthened morale, political awareness, policies, and preventative and prophylactic work. Attached is a table that numerically presents information in the report.

  • January 03, 1976

    Excerpt from Chernyaev Diary on Dissidents in the Soviet Union

    Chemyaev writes on a meeting of the Politburo when Andropov presented a memo on dissidents and political prisoners in the USSR.

  • March 13, 1976

    Committee for State Security Report, 'On the Results of Search for Authors of Anti-Soviet Anonymous Documents in 1975'

    The Committee for State Security reported on results in exposing authors and distributors of anti-Soviet propaganda during 1975. In comparison with results from 1974, the number of authors writing, distributing, and preparing these anti-Soviet documents was overall reduced, but due to copying technology, the volume of documents has grown.

  • March 30, 1976

    Report on the Work of the Committee for State Security in 1975

    The Committee for State Security reported to Brezhnev on Soviet security during 1975. The report includes information on the KGB, intelligence and counterintelligence, anti-Soviet countries and organizations, and the prevention of hostile actions.

  • November 15, 1976

    Committee for State Security Report, 'About the Hostile Actions of the So-called Group for Assistance of Implementation of the Helsinki Agreements in the USSR'

    This report by the Committee for State Security covers trends in anti-Soviet propaganda and the creation of the "Group for Assistance of Implementation of the Helsinki Agreements in the USSR" by Yuri F. Orlov. The purpose of the group was to promote the alleged failure of the USSR's efforts to implement the Final Act of the Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

  • December 06, 1976

    On the Provocative Demonstration by Antisocial Elements on Pushkin Square in Moscow and at the Pushkin Monument in Leningrad

    The Committee for State Security reported on anti-socialist actions around Pushkin Square that occurred December 5, 1976. A group gathered around Pushkin Square to participate in a "silent protest" in order to bring attention to violations of constitutional rights and were photographed by several foreign correspondents.

  • January 05, 1977

    Committee of State Security Report, 'About Measures to End the Hostile Activity of Members of the So-Called Group For Assistance in the Implementation of The Helsinki Agreements in the USSR'

    This report addresses the anti-Soviet organization "Group for Assistance in the Implementation of the Helsinki Agreements in the Soviet Union" led by Yuri F. Orlov and its influence in Ukraine and Lithuania. The Prosecutor General's office searched houses of several suspects and found anti-Soviet material in preparation for transportation to the West.

  • January 20, 1977

    CC CPSU Proposal, 'On Measures for the Curtailment of the Criminal Activities of Orlov, Ginsburg, Rudenko and Ventslova'

    U.V. Andropov and R.A. Rudenko reported on hostile activities of anti-Soviet groups within the USSR. They stated that Western correspondents influence these organizations to openly protest the Soviet Union's policies. Finally, Andropov and Rudenko discuss preemptive measures that need to be taken in order to stop anti-Soviet propaganda disseminated by these groups.

  • February 18, 1977

    CPSU CC Protocol #46/10, Instructions to the Soviet Ambassador in Washington for his Conversation with Vance on the Question of 'Human Rights'

    Response to the US State Department's protest of the arrest of Aleksandr Ginzburg, a prominent Soviet dissident, for alleged currency violations.

  • March 01, 1977

    CC CPSU Draft of a Report for the Press in Connection with J. Carter's Reception of Bukovsky

    The CC CPSU drafted a report to present to the press on President Jimmy Carter's reception of Bukovsky, who was expelled from the Soviet Union as a criminal offender.

  • March 04, 1977

    Cooperative agreement between the Soviet KGB and Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior for the year 1977

    The Soviet KGB and Czechoslovak Interior Ministry agree to the exchange of workers between the two countries. These exchanges would focus on the sharing of information and expertise in various areas, including: identification procedures for unidentified bodies, security measures for capital regions, fire-fighting methods and ways to combat subversive activity in youth and teenagers. The two parties also agree to the exchange of publications on the Soviet military, security and criminology, which are listed by title and number of copies.

  • June 08, 1978

    Transcript of CPSU CC Politburo Meeting, 8 June 1978 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev reports to the CPSU CC Politburo that the Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov is behaving inappropriately and should be disciplined.