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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 25, 1951

    Letter, General James A. Van Fleet to UN Ground Forces in Korea

    General Van Fleet encourages the UN Ground Forces in Korea to continue their fight against “armed communism aggression.”

  • 1953

    Rules of Procedures Governing Explanations and Interviews by Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission

    In 1953 the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission was created in order to deal with the repatriation of thousands of prisoners of war. For those POWs who wished to not to repatriate, a series of explanations and interviews were held in order to allow them to choose their side in a neutral setting. This is a list of the general provisions of the commission which clarifies and explains who, how, and where these interviews would be held.

  • 1954

    The POW Scandal in Korea

    According to A.B Carey, one of the lessons learned from fighting the Kremlin and its “communism” ideology is evidently seen amongst the Korean and Chinese prisoners of war. Both groups of POW not only disapprove of the communism but would also actively fight against it if they had the opportunity. Carey uses ten ideas which denounce the Kremlin as the one responsible for the lies and bellicosities during the Cold War. He also proceeds to demonstrate ways the free world can defeat this communist caucus.

  • 1954

    Freedom to Non-Repatriated Prisoners of War

    This note warns that the communists will try to convince the world that these “freed” prisoners are not really freed and during this processing and resettlement period the world will be watching the Republic of Korea and the Republic of China's actions.

  • January 02, 1954

    Letter, K. S. Thimayya, the Chairman of NNRC, to the Commander in Chief, United Nations Command

    K.S.Thimayya, the Chairman of Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission, requests United Nations Command assistance to implement the repatriation agreement.

  • March 18, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General James A. Van Fleet

    President Rhee discusses different tactics with General Van Fleet on how to convince President Eisenhower and the American public to build the ROK's armed forces.

  • December 23, 1954

    Letter, Willard B. Cowles to UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold

    Willard Cowles forwards documents concerning the mission of a B-29 of the 581st Air Resupply And Communications Wing shot down during the Korean War. The Chinese claimed the plane was over Chinese territory on an espionage mission, which the United Nations denied.

  • August 16, 1955

    Letter, I. D. White to President Syngman Rhee

    General White appeals to President Rhee to accept the United Nations Command’s offer to pay Korean Service Corps laborers. Because the KSC’s existence is essential to the joint defense effort, immediate steps should be taken to solve this issue as soon as possible.

  • August 18, 1955

    Letter, Minister Chai Yu Choi to General John H. Collier

    Minister Chai Yu Choi addresses General Collier's proposal to raise the maximum wage the United Nations Command will pay the Korean Service Corps laborers.

  • February 10, 1965

    Record of Conversation between the Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union Pan Zili and the Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union Ambassador Kim Byeong-jik

    Chinese Ambassador to the Soviet Union and North Korean Ambassador to the Soviet Union discussed about the foreign policies of the new Soviet leadership under Khrushchev. They exchanged views on international communist movement, as well as the Soviet Union's perceptions on the roles of the United Nations in international affairs.

  • November 07, 1967

    Statement by U Thant in First Committee of the UN General Assembly

    Under-Secretary for Political and Security Council Affairs Aleksei E. Nesterenko addresses the First Committee (Political and Security) of the General Assembly for Secretary-General U Thant. The statement concerns the United Nations Command in Korea from 7 July 1950 to 7 June 1963 and overviews the unified command under the United States, assistance of Member States, correspondences with the Security Council, and the detention of two United Nations Command officers.

  • November 09, 1967

    Note, UN Under-Secretary Nesterenko to Secretary-General U Thant, Concerning Scope of UN Command in Korea

    Under-Secretary Aleksei E. Nesterenko relays to Secretary-General of the United Nations U Thant the reaction of representatives from Hungary, Cambodia, United States, Ghana, and Liberia to Secretary-General U Thant's 7 November 1967 address concerning the United Nations Command in Korea. The representatives commented on the scope of the United Nations Command in Korea and the United States' involvement in Korea.

  • October 03, 1968

    Letter, William B. Buffum to Mr. Liu Chieh containing "Report of the United Nations Command to the United Nations"

    A letter from William Buffum containing a report on the continuation of serious North Korean violations of the Armistice Agreement.

  • September 12, 1969

    Letter, Tanzanian Representative Akili B.C. Danieli, Request to Include 'Withdrawal of United States and All Other Foreign Forces Occupying South Korea under the Flag of the United Nations' in the Twenty-fourth General Assembly Session

    Permanent Representative of the United Republic of Tanzania Akili B.C. Danieli requests the inclusion of "Withdrawal of United States and All Other Foreign Forces Occupying South Korea under the Flag of the United Nations" in the Twenty-fourth General Assembly session agenda on behalf of the government of the United Republic of Tanzania.

  • October 23, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning ROK Domestic and Peninsular Developments

    Principal Secretary of the UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on the passage of the 1969 October 17 National Referendum on the Constitutional Amendment Bill and United Nations Command reaction to the North Korean ambush in the U.S. sector of the DMZ.

  • December 05, 1969

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan, Concerning the Release of US Army Helicopter Crew Members

    Principal Secretay of the UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on ROK officials' reaction to the UN Command's apology statement towards the DPRK, which came amid the DPRK's hold of three US Army helicopter crew members.

  • December 12, 1969

    Letter, President of the International Human Rights League of Korea Hwal Lee, Concerning Withdrawal of UN Forces from Korea

    Chairman of the International Human Rights League of Korea Hwal Lee warns against the withdrawal or reduction of United Nations forces in Korea.

  • January 30, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet C.V. Narasimhan on the NDP's boycott on the National Assembly and the charges and counter-charges between the UN Command and DPRK.

  • March 27, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of UNCURK Zouheir Kuzbari writes Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan about the continued boycott of the NDP from National Assembly meetings, meeting between UN Secretary-General and Ambassador Kim Young Shik, and the UN Command's proposal to bring passengers of KAL YS-11 to a neutral territory to determine their release.

  • April 03, 1970

    Letter, UNCURK Principal Secretary Kuzbari to UN Chef de Cabinet Narasimhan

    Principal Secretary of UNCURK Kuzbari updates Chef de Cabinet of the UN C.V. Narasimhan on the "Samurai" incident when a radical Japanese student group called Zekigun hijacked a JAL Boeing 747 and the 31 March 1970 UN Command and DPRK meeting.