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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 24, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3239/III - From Moscow to Warsaw

    A telegram claiming that one of the most significant problems in China following Mao's death is the personnel problem, that there is "no single exceptional personality" on the Chinese scene.

  • September 29, 1976

    Secret Telegram No. 3453/III - From Moscow to Warsaw

    An assessment of the situation in China following Mao's death and a few lines about Soviet policy following this development.

  • October 10, 1976

    Letter from Deng Xiaoping to Hua Guofeng and the CCP Central Committee

    Deng Xiaoping offers his support for Hua Guofeng's appointment as Chairman of the CCP and the Central Military Commission, calling Hua the "most suitable successor to Chairman Mao."

  • January 26, 1977

    Note about the Meeting with Comrade Kulik, Division Head in the CPSU CC Department, on Preparation for the Ninth Interkit and the Situation in China on 26 January 1977

    Reviews the first draft of a Soviet report on "China on the Eve of Mao Zedong’s Death," which was to be handed out as joint CPSU-SED material to participants of the Ninth Interkit meeting

  • March 02, 1977

    Informational Note from the Conference of Secretaries of Central Committees of Fraternal Parties in Sofia

    Secretaries CC CPSU Konstantin Katushev and B. Ponomarov provide information on the situation in China that is discussed during a confidential meeting of CC secretaries. Addressed are issues related to the fact "that Maoism failed ideologically, caused great harm to the Chinese nation, and did an enormous devastation in the areas of economy, culture, science, and social life," and ways the new Chinese government may behave.

  • March 14, 1977

    Hua Guofeng's Speech at the Central Work Conference

    Hua Guofeng criticizes the Gang of Four, evaluates Deng Xiaoping, comments on demonstrations in Tiananmen Square, and calls for the CCP to "implement Chairman Mao's proletarian revolutionary line."

  • March 22, 1977

    Vice Chairman Ye Jianying's Speech at the Closing Session of the Central Work Conference

    Ye Jianying praises Mao Zedong, offering a historical overview of his achievements, and says that Hua Guofeng "is raising Chairman Mao’s banner high and continuing his legacy."

  • May 10, 1977

    Letter from Deng Xiaoping to Chairman Hua Guofeng, Vice Chairman Ye Jianying, and the CCP Central Committee

    Deng Xiaoping offers a self-criticism and says that he endorses the policies of Hua Guofeng.

  • June 21, 1977

    Note About a Meeting between Comrade Hermann Axen, Member of the Politburo and Secretary of the SED CC, and Comrade O. B. Rakhmanin, Candidate of the CPSU CC and First Deputy Head of the International Department of CC, on 17 June 1977

    An excerpt of speeches given to the meeting participants. A major theme is "how to win back China."

  • July 14, 1977

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Decision on Information about China after Mao

    This decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) refers to specific measures to be undertaken by Bulgaria's ideological and propagandistic organs in publicly condemning Maoism as an ideology contrary to the theory and practice of Socialism and Marxism-Leninism. Among these measures are the commissioning of publications, media reports, and lectures at institutions of higher education in order to excoriate Chinese foreign policy for its attacks on the Soviet Union and the other European Socialist countries.

  • August 06, 1977

    Notes on a Meeting held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking on Saturday 6 August 1977

    Hua Guofeng and Kurt Waldheim discuss China's domestic policies and foreign policies.

  • September 23, 1977

    Notes on Meetings held in the Great Hall of the People in Peking, on 3 and 4 August 1977 at 3 PM

    Huang Hua, commenting on a number of developments around the world, suggests that China's foreign policy continues to emulate the thinking and concerns of Mao Zedong.

  • March 06, 1978

    Informational Note from the Eight Parties’ Meeting in Budapest

    This document presents "information and views on the current problems in the international and workers’ movement, the China question and anti-communist offensive struggle against imperialism."

  • November 10, 1978

    Hua Guofeng's Speech at the Opening Session of the CCP Central Work Conference

    Hua Guofeng assesses developments in China since the Chinese Communist Party "smashed the Gang of Four" in 1976. He calls for the CCP to continue to follow the path laid down by Mao Zedong, and comments on China's economic policy and foreign policy.

  • December 25, 1978

    Hua Guofeng's Second Speech at the CCP Central Work Conference

    Hua Guofeng discusses the 1976 Tiananmen Incident following Zhou Enlai's death, the Gang of Four, and purges within the Chinese Communist Party (including Peng Dehuai, Tao Zhu, and Yang Shangkun).

  • December, 1978

    The Politics of the Chinese Leadership after the 11th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party

    This Soviet study of the Chinese leadership after the 11th congress of the Communist Party of China analyzes Chinese foreign policy in the late 1970s, discusses issues related to China's internal situation, especially in military matters, and condemns Maoism as an essentially anti-Communist ideology.

  • December 13, 1978

    Hua Guofeng's Speech at the Closing Session of the CCP Central Work Conference

    Hua Guofeng reflects on the conclusion of the 1978 Central Committee Work Conference, and describes his policy of the "two whatevers," or the decision to uphold Mao Zedong's policies and instructions.

  • December 13, 1978

    Ye Jianying's Speech at the Closing Session of the CCP Central Work Conference

    Ye Jianying reflects on the "Fascist dictatorship perpetuated by Lin Biao and the Gang of Four."

  • February 09, 1979

    Mongolian Record of Conversation with Soviet Officials in Moscow, February 1979

    Discusses the cancellation of the alliance treaty between China and the Soviet Union, and the impact this will have on the Mongolian People’s Republic. They are urged not to hurry the cancellation of the treaty, however, because China has not yet explicitly asked for it. They also note that there are anti-Soviet propaganda items being spread in Korea, and the growing role the U.S. is playing in Chinese affairs.

  • December, 1979

    Note regarding the Visit of the CC PUWP Inter-Departmental Study Group in China

    Discusses a recent visit in China by the CC PUWP noting that their ”fundamental opinions” about China were correct, and that there needs to be more active propaganda and further studies in China, such as those undertaken by Poland.