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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 06, 1951

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador N. V. Roshchin with CC CCP Secretary Liu Shaoqi

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to the PRC Roshchin and Liu Shaoqi regarding the Guomindang (Kuomintang) and American intervention in Korea, and the question of Chinese relations with Tibet.

  • December 27, 1951

    Letter, Fraser Wilkins to Evan M. Wilson

    American diplomat Fraser Wilkins rebuts claims made by Prince Peter of Greece and Princess Irene.

  • May 23, 1952

    Despatch No. 652, American Consulate, Calcutta, India, to the Department of State, Washington, 'Transmitting Memorandum of Conversation between Consular Office and Prince Peter of Greece regarding Tibet'

    US Consular Office William Gibson and Prince Peter of Greece discuss developments in Tibet and Indo-Tibetan trade. Princess Irene offers unflattering views on a group of White Russian refugees who exited Xinjiang via Kalimpong and later immigrated to the United States. In a cover note, Evan M. Wilson dismisses Irene's comments but notes that Prince Peter's information was 'quite accurate.'

  • June 23, 1952

    Summary of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the status of Tibet between China and India.

  • October 21, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Nehru at the Banquet Hosted by the Indian Ambassador

    Mao Zedong and Nehru talked about mutual cooperation and the Tibetan issue. Mao stated that cooperation has to be mutually beneficial. He then promised a small number of troops to guard Tibet, and Ambassador Raghavan replied that India trusts China on the Tibet issue.

  • October 21, 1954

    Talking Points from Premier Zhou Enlai’s Third Meeting with Nehru

    Zhou Enlai and Nehru discuss Sino-Indian relations, as well as China and India's views toward Thailand, Indonesia, Korea, Vietnam, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

  • 1959

    Marginal Note by Mao Zedong on Indian Report on Tibetans in India

    Marginal note written by Mao Zedong, implying that Indian authorities are feigning ignorance of illegal activities perpetrated by Tibetans in India.

  • February 18, 1959

    Marginal Note by Mao Zedong on a 'Situation Report'

    Short marginal note written by Mao Zedong, noting that a chaotic Tibet will be useful for the training of troops and for justifying future pacification.

  • March 31, 1959

    Report by Yuri Andropov, 'On the Situation in Tibet'

    Report on Tibet, detailing the history of PRC-Tibetan relations since 1949 and the social and economic work of the PRC in Tibet. Discusses the activity of the Dalai and Panchen Lamas, and the political unrest in the region. Notes the relations of China, Tibet, and India.

  • May 30, 1959

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Bulgaria, 'The Bulgarian Deputy Defense Minister’s Reaction to the Tibet Issue'

    Bulgarian Defense Ministry’s first deputy chief expressed his belief that the armed rebellion in Tibet was counterrevolutionary but urged China to be cautious in handling its relation with India

  • June 03, 1959

    Report of Conversation with the General Secretary of the CCP CC, Deng Xiaoping

  • June 12, 1959

    Chinese Report on the Response of Editor-in-Chief of Bulgaria’s "Banner of Agriculture News" to the Tibet Issue

    Editor and Deputy Editor-in-Chief of the Bulgarian "Banner of Agriculture News" talked about the Tibet issue and showed their admiration for the People’s Daily article “Tibet’s Revolution and Nehru’s Philosophy.”

  • September 09, 1959

    Letters Exchanged between the Dalai Lama and Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold

    The Dalai Lama writes to the Secretary-General on the situation in Tibet.

  • September 09, 1959

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Ambassadors from Fraternal Countries on the Tibet Issue

    Chinese Vice Foreign Minister convened a meeting with ambassadors from several countries to discuss the Tibet issue. Zhang accused India of trying to wage an anti-Chinese campaign, presented several documents and maps as well as explained the history of the dispute.

  • October 29, 1959

    Report from the PLA General Staff Department, 'Behind India’s Second Anti-China Wave'

    The Chinese military report listed Nehru's six goals in the border conflict with China: Force China to accept the McMahon line, alleviate the internal contradictions within Indian moderates, reverse the detriment on his reputation incurred by the interference in the Tibet dispute, strike the Indian Communist Party, flatter the US for aid, and create a Himalayan Union. None of those goals were achieved.

  • October 02, 1959

    Record of Conversation of N. S. Khrushchev with CC CCP Chairman Mao Zedong, Deputy Chairma Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Lin Biao, Politburo Members Peng Zhen and Chen Yi, and Secretariat Member Wang Jiaxiang

    Record of conversation between Nikita Khrushchev and top Chinese Communist Party leaders. Khrushchev blames the Chinese for the border conflict with India and for allowing the Dalai Lama to escape from Tibet. The two sides argue over how the Chinese should have handled these problems, with Mao accusing the Soviet Union of being "time-servers."

  • October 02, 1959

    Discussion between N.S. Khrushchev and Mao Zedong

    Khrushchev and Mao discuss current political situations in Tibet, India, Indochina and Taiwan.

  • October 14, 1959

    From the Journal of Ambassador S.F. Antonov, Summary of a Conversation with the Chairman of the CC CPC Mao Zedong

    October 1959 conversation between Mao Zedong and the Soviet diplomat and sinologist S.F. Antonov, in which Mao attempted to reassure the Soviets that China would not provoke war with the United States or with its Asian neighbors. In his conversation with Antonov, Mao attempts to lessen the impact of China’s displeasure with Soviet policies. He tries hard to show his agreement with Moscow on every issue—the United States, Taiwan, India, Tibet, disarmament.

  • December 18, 1959

    Draft Report, 'On the Trip of the Soviet Party-Governmental Delegation to the PRC,' by M. Suslov to CC CPSU Presidium for Presentation to a Forthcoming CC CPSU Plenum (excerpt)

    Draft report by M. Suslov describing the visit of a Soviet delegation to the People’s Republic of China, mainly focusing on the deterioration of relations between India and China.