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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 30, 1947

    Bulgarian Secretariat Decision B-116 Regarding New State Security Directorate’s Structure and Personal Changes of its Leadership

    Decision Memoranda regarding the personnel changes following the creation of the State Security Directorate.

  • September 17, 1948

    Bi-Monthly Report from Bulgarian Intelligence on the Civil War in Greece

    An intelligence report on the on-going Greek Civil War. Among other things, the report emphasizes the American support for the Greek government and the low morale in the National Army.

  • February 10, 1949

    Proposal for Counter-Intelligence Operation ''Traitor'' Against Yugoslav Agents

    A proposal for the measures against the Yugoslav agents and their collaborators who, on Tito’s behalf, were allegedly working for the annexation of the Pirin Region by the Yugoslav Federation.

  • May 23, 1949

    Cipher Telegrams Regarding Bulgarian Request to Sending Soviet investigators to Sofia

    Stalin and Molotov approve a BCP CC request for the dispatch of Soviet investigators to assist in Kiril Slavkov’s trial

  • January 16, 1950

    Information at Bulgarian Plenum on Stalin's View on the Purges in the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Georgi Chankov and Vulko Chervenkov present a report before the BCP CC on their recent meeting with Joseph Stalin, Georgi Malenkov and Nikolai Bulganin in Moscow. Among the issues discussed were the ongoing purges in the BCP, the role of the Agrarian Movement in the government, the state of the Bulgarian armed forces and the Bulgarian industrial and agricultural production.

  • February 19, 1954

    Plan GELENA - Agent-Operational Measures on German Intelligence

    Detailed plan and timetable for the activities to expose intelligence operatives who have previously worked for Gestapo.

  • July 01, 1954

    Report on Bulgarian Army Counterintelligence Operations in the Period 1944-1954

    The report elaborates on the achievements of the army counter-intelligence services over a ten-year period—the eradication of reactionary officers conspiracy groups, the training of new recruits, etc.

  • March 29, 1955

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution B Regarding DS Intelligence Directorate Work

    BCP CC’s First Secretary, Vulko Chervenkov, approves Interior Minister Georgi Tsankov’s recommendations for improving the performance of the intelligence and counter-intelligence services.

  • September 22, 1955

    Letter to the CPSU Central Committee, Request from Bulgarian Government for Nyuzkhet Hijeran Nihat

    This letter describes the Bulgarian government's request that Nyuzkhet Hijeran Nihat be sent to lecture in Turkish language and literature for one year at Sofia University. However, the CPSU CC cannot recommend him because of his previous unsatisfactory work while in Moscow.

  • October 13, 1955

    CC BCP Politburo Resolution "B" Protocol for Cooperation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Stasi

    The CC BCP Politburo approves the protocol for cooperation between the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the East German Ministry for State Security (Stasi), agreed upon at a September meeting in Berlin.

  • June 26, 1956

    Minutes of a Bulgarian Politburo Meeting for the Investigation of the Political Processes of 06/26/1956

    Georgi Tsankov testifies before a BCP CC Commission for the Investigation of the Political Trials [against opposition leaders]. He emphasizes the role of the Soviet advisor to the Bulgarian Ministry of Internal Affairs, Gen. Filatov, regarding the human rights abuse of detainees. Vulko Chervenkov talks about Filatov’s disregard of Politburo’s policy decisions, as well as about his eventual withdraw to Moscow by Stalin.

  • November 01, 1956

    Bulgarian Military Intelligence Information on the Situation in Hungary and Poland

    This intelligence report discusses the domestic political developments in Poland after the ascent of Wladyslaw Gomulka to the top of the Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR).The events surrounding the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 are also mentioned.

  • September 01, 1958

    Letter from T. Zhivkov to Soviet Presidium on Training of Bulgarian Military Intelligence Officers at Intelligence Courses in the USSR

    Todor Zhivkov requests from Moscow training of Bulgarian intelligence officers.

  • June 02, 1961

    Politburo Central Committee Bulgarian Communist Party Resolution Regarding Invitation to Fidel Castro to Visit Bulgaria

    Minister of Foreign Affairs Karlo Lukanov advises the Prime Minister Anton Yugov to invite Fidel Castro to visit Bulgaria in addition to his scheduled trip to the Soviet Union, where he is schedule to receive the International Lenin award.

  • August, 1961

    Information and Correspondence with Cuba Regarding Visit to Bulgaria of Cuban Children (including Fidel Castro’s child)

    The Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs reports on a visit of Cuban children to Bulgaria that is to receive no publicity.

  • December 02, 1961

    Top Secret Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Arms Delivery to Cuba

    A proposal from the Minister of Foreign Trade, G. Kambuliev, for the donation to Cuba of 35,000 automatic rifles, recently decommissioned by the Bulgarian military.

  • April 05, 1962

    Information from a Bulgarian Secretariat Commission on the Results of the Investigation Regarding the Regime at the Lovech’ Labor Camp

    Commission’s findings confirm the allegations of prisoner abuse in the two major labor camp sites – Lovech (for male detainees) and Skravena (for female detainees). The report concludes that camp living conditions and the physical abuse of detainees constitute a divergence from the party policy on combating crime. The report further recommends that the two labor camps be closed down and that the former leadership of the Ministry of the Internal Affairs take full responsibility for the negative consequences of camps’ existence.

  • December 27, 1962

    Bulgarian UN Representative Milko Tarabanov, Report to Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo on Disarmament Negotiations

    UN Representative Milko Tarabanov reported to the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo recent developments of the Conference of the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament. The report summarizes the conference's work from November 1962-December 1962, the period following the Cuban Missile Crisis. Tarabanov reports that Western powers put forward two draft agreements calling for the cessation of nuclear tests in the atmosphere, under water and in outer space, and underground--the proposals were debated during the 17th United Nations session. The Cubam Missile Crisis occurred during the conference's session. Main issues discussed after Cuban Missile Crisis included: suspension of nuclear tests, Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko's proposal at the 17th session of the UN, ways to measure nuclear weapons testing, and military alliances (NATO). Tarabanov also addresses the inter workings of conference members--Western, socialist, and neutral--including disagreements among Western powers. In summary Tarabanov adds that the prospect for cessation of nuclear tests is poor, but notes that the US may consider closing military bases, though not under pressure of the Soviet Union or neutral countries.

  • February 09, 1963

    Proposal of the Minister of the Interior D. Dikov to Bulgarian Secretariat on Exchange of Arrested Agents between Bulgaria and Greece

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Diko Dikov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat for the proposed exchange of captured intelligence operatives between Greece and Bulgaria.

  • January, 1964

    Information of the Bulgarian Embassy in Havana Regarding the Situation in Cuba in 1963

    The Bulgarian Embassy in Havana reports to the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party and the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on political, economic, and cultural developments in Cuba circa 1963. Cuba is politically united, but is experiencing economic hardship after the “Caribbean Crisis” primarily because of the US embargo. In the report, embassy staff reviews developments between socialist countries and Cuba throughout 1963. Some examples include communist aid to Cuba after Hurricane Flora and Cuba’s stance on Sino-Soviet relations. Bulgaria’s show of solidarity resulted in concrete political, economic, and cultural cooperation. Embassy staff notes the drawbacks and benefits of Bulgaria’s relationship with Cuba.