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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October, 1960

    Documents Regarding Impending Visit to Czechoslovakia of Ernesto “Che” Guevara, president of the Cuban National Bank

    These concern preparations by the Czechoslovak government for the visit of Ernesto "Che" Guevara on 23 October 1960. The primary topics of discussion are economic assistance to Cuba and advice on raw material production, as Cuba was in the process of nationalizing its economy.

  • March 04, 1961

    Bulgarian Embassy, Havana (Michev), Information Regarding the Reorganization of the Cuban Government

    Bulgaria’s Ambassador to Cuba Konstantin Michev reports on the reorganization of Cuba’s revolutionary government. In the report Michev notes that the government is realigning itself with the intent to become socialist, though not publicizing it. The realignment includes the creation of ministries and committees to oversee the transition and affairs of the country. Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, and Ernesto Guevara are assigned key posts to manage the transition. Through the help of socialist countries, Cuba is developing independent of USA, which previously hampered Cuba’s growth and development. Michev also notes that the Cuban government is prepared to defend itself against counter-revolution and US intervention into Cuban affairs.

  • December 26, 1961

    Memorandum from Mexican Federal Director of Security on 'Political Cuban Refugees'

    The Mexican Federal Director of Security's concern regarding the Directors of the Cuban Revolutionary Council (formerly the Cuban Revolutionary Democratic Front), especially with their disorientation over the withdraw of the U.S. Embassy and the unsuccessful propaganda campaign against Fidel Castro. The Director believes this Council will dissolve soon.

  • January 15, 1962

    Memorandum from Mexican Federal Director of Security re Democratic Revolutionary Front (Cuban)

    A memorandum informing that the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front will be disbanding due to insufficient economic means. The Front, however, affirmed that it would continue to meet periodically to maintain a nucleus of resistance against Castro’s tyranny.

  • January 31, 1962

    Socialist Unity Party of Germany Central Committee (SED CC) Department of International Relations, 'Position on the publications about the Meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba [CPC]'

    On 29 and 30 January 1968 the central organ of the Cuban CP, “Granma,” published the speech given by Comrade Raoul [Raúl] Castro, second secretary of the CC of the CPC, at the 3rd meeting of the CC (24-26 January 1968). In this speech, comrades from the CPSU, the SED, and the CPCz were directly attacked in connection with the measures of the CC against a “micro faction” and openly accused of conspiracy against the Cuban party leadership and of collaboration with the penalized Cuban comrades.

  • June 25, 1962

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana (Beck), Report on Talk with Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos on 15 June 1962

    In a top secret report, Hungarian Ambassador to Cuba János Beck describes a recent meeting with Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos. Beck divides the conversation among five categories—agriculture, industry, central planning, counter-revolutionary activities, and the party. Dorticos reports improvements and obstacles (e.g. agricultural production is developing, though slowly, and the growth of the party remains in its initial stages of formation).

  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Alekseev comments on the general attitude of the Cuban people in regards to the blockade and mobilization of the Cuban army

  • April 09, 1963

    Memorandum from Mexican Federal Director of Security re Cuban Revolutionary Council in Exile

    A memorandum from Mexican Federal Director of Security regarding the recently exiled Cuban Counter-Revolutionary Council's meeting with U.S. President Kennedy in Florida to ask him for greater support of the anti-Castro forces.

  • April 09, 1963

    Resignation Letter of Jose Miro Cardona to the Revolutionary Council of Cuba

    A resignation letter of Chairman Jose Miro Cardona to the Revolutionary Council of Cuba in which he outlines his role in the historical activities of the Council, as well as his concluding thoughts on the actions the Council should take.

  • March 17, 1964

    Letter from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Pos), 17 March 1964

    Ambassador Pos forwards a letter detailing an exchange between First Secretary of the Embassy Reinink and Fidel Castro.

  • June 15, 1964

    Cable from Dutch Embassy, Havana (Reinink), 15 June 1964

    First Secretary of the Dutch Embassy in Cuba, K.W. Reinink sends a cable to Amsterdam concerning a talk with Fidel Castro. Among the issues discussed are Dutch-Cuban relations, Cuban industrial development, the economic conditions of Cuba and the sugar trade.

  • October 05, 1967

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Meeting Regarding Bulgarian-Cuban Relations

    In a memorandum to the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo, Gero Grozev, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, critiques the Cuban Communist Party and its approach to building socialism. Grozev describes Cuba’s increasingly poor relations with European communist parties, interference in Latin American affairs, and misunderstanding of Marxist-Leninist principles. Grozev continues describing Cuban leaders as committed functionaries unaware of their mistakes. To correct Cuba’s mistakes socialist countries should increase contact with the Cuban government and help it develop economically and mature politically.

  • August 15, 1968

    Report from the Bulgarian Ambassador in Havana, Stefan Petrov to Todor Zhivkov on the Domestic and Foreign Policy of Cuba

    The ambassador gives an assessment of the Cuban domestic and foreign policy. He characterizes Fidel Castro as an adventurer and points to certain communist party decisions that are incompatible with the Marxist-Leninist doctrine.