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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 07, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation of Soviet Ambassador Roshchin with Deputy Chairman Zhu De on 24 October 1949

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador Roshchin and Commander of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Zhu De. Zhu De notes that PLA progress through Southern China is meeting little resistance, although it is slowed by the lack of available gasoline. De puts forth his opinion that Chinese success in Xinjiang will depend on mechanized agricultural aid from the Soviets.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Stalin to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang Shtykov

    Reply from Stalin to Shtykov's telegram of July 1, 1950. Requests additional information on KPA plans and reaction to American internvention. Informs of intent to meet requests by Kim Il Sung for additional war materiel.

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • August 27, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai

    Telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai answering his request for military advisors.

  • August 28, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, congratulating him for his victories thus far and offering advise on the air force strategies.

  • August 31, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Feng Xi (Stalin) regarding the meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • October 05, 1950

    Telegram from Gromyko to Shtykov, approved by CC Politburo

    The CPSU CC approves the draft telegram from Gromyko authorizing Shtykov's request for evacuation of Soviet specialists from North Korea.

  • October 08, 1950

    Letter from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtytkov)

    Stalin sends Kim a copy of his October 1950 letter to Mao Zedong. Stalin describes the US inability to engage in a "big war" and encourages Kim in his fight against the US.

  • October 29, 1950

    Telegram from I.V. Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees to receive Chinese naval advisers.

  • November 01, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Shtykov

    Stalin wants to know in the North Korean government wants Soviet advisers, or if they would prefer to invite the Chinese.

  • November 08, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Mao to Stalin for infantry arms, detailing specifically types and amounts of requested munitions.

  • November 15, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) via Zakharov

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin agreeing to Stalin's proposal to reinforce Soviet air forces and air defense in China and Manchuria.

  • November 16, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Zhou Enlai to Stalin for specific quantities of automobiles and fluids necessary for their operation--oil, grease, gasoline etc--in conjunction with movement of troops to North Korea.

  • November 20, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, via Shtykov

    Stalin agrees to train North Korean pilots, but in China, not in the Soviet Union, as Kim Il Sung previously suggested.

  • November 22, 1950

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung to Stalin, via Shtykov

    Kim Il Sung agrees to Stalin’s recommendations in regards to the training of North Korean pilots.

  • February 16, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via Zakharov

    Telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai informing the latter that he would satisfy Chinese requests for advisors for their air force.

  • May 29, 1951

    Telegram from Stalin to Razuvaev with message for Kim Il Sung

    Stalin sends a message for Kim Il Sung saying that he cannot give Kim Il Sung rifle-mortar arms, but can give him other types of ammunition.

  • June 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet military advisor in Beijing Krasovsky

    A telegram from Stalin to Krasovsky berating him for training the Chinese pilots too slowly.

  • June 13, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, via Roshchin

    Response to Stalin’s telegram from the same day. Mao tells Stalin that Peng Dehuai needs Soviet advisers and gives some details about the current military situation in Korea.

  • June 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong re meeting in Moscow with Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao summarizing his discussions with Kim Il Sung and Gao Gang on the issues of military advisors, air force training and assistance, and the implications of a potential armistice.