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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 22, 1935

    The Distribution of the Sovsin'torg Trade Loan

    A breakdown of how a Soviet loan to Xinjiang will be utilized.

  • March 22, 1935

    VKP(b) CC Politburo Decree concerning Xinjiang

    A Central Committee report on Soviet-Xinjiang trrade and the economy in Xinjiang more generally.

  • September 13, 1935

    Politburo Decisions of 13 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang

    The Politburo directs manpower and funds to support the Xinjiang army and accepts the text of an agreement between the Mongolian People's Republic and Manchukuo on the issue of a border commission.

  • September 24, 1937

    Concerning Alleged Plots Against Governor Sheng Shicai

    The Politburo decides to send an experienced investigator to investigate an alleged plot against Sheng Shicai, the governor of Xinjiang.

  • April 19, 1941

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Politburo issued 5.25 million rubles to support the NKO's operations in the Mongolian People's Republic and Xinjiang, the independent NKVD rifle battalion in Xinjiang, and the topographic detachment in Xinjiang until the end of 1941.

  • May 04, 1943

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 40 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces that it "cannot tolerate such provocative activity" of Xinjiang Governor Sheng Shicai and that it will provide support to rebels "in their struggle against the repressive colonialist policy of the Governor."

  • 1944

    The Truth about the Events in Xinjiang

    An anonymous report on Soviet-Guomindang relations in Xinjiang, and political developments in Xinjiang since 1933.

  • June 26, 1944

    Record of a Conversation with Percy Chen

    D. Godnunov reports that he discussed military developments in the Sino-Japanese War with Percy Chen, as well as the visit to China made by US Vice President Henry Wallace.

  • July 18, 1944

    Telegram from Plyshevsky to Cde. N.I. Baskakov

    PLyshevsky forwards records of conversation with Percy Chen and Lin Zuhan.

  • July 31, 1944

    Telegram from Plyshevky to Cde. N.I. Baskakov

    Plyshevsky forwards conversations with Pery Chen and Dong Biwu to Cde. Baskakov.

  • October 16, 1944

    Information Letter from Yasnovsky to Cdes. Petrov and Plyshevsky

    Yasnovsky reports on developments in Xinjiang since the arrival of a new governor, Wu Zhongxin.

  • November 09, 1944

    Letter No. 402 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    The Canadian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, L.D. Wilgress, thoroughly reviews Soviet foreign policy in Europe, Asia, and in Latin America and its relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Wilgress optimistically concludes that "the Soviet Government are desirous of co-operating fully with the other great powers."

  • May 17, 1945

    Special Report from General-Major Yegnarov to USSR People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs, General Commissar of State Security, Cde. L.P. Beria

    General Yegnarov reports on the Ili rebel army's capture of 220 Chinese troops and their cache of weapons in Torgustay and a subsequent rebel seizure of Chinese weapons in Takiantsan.

  • May 22, 1945

    Letter from Alihan Tore to Commander-in-Chief Marshal Stalin

    Shakirjan praises Stalin and the Soviet Union, emphasizing that the Ili rebels' victory over the Chinese government is contingent on the continued receipt of Soviet aid.

  • April 29, 1945

    Report from L. Beria and A. Vyshinsky to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Beria and Vyshinsky summarize the prevailing conditions in the Ili District of Xinjiang, describing the equipment and foodstuffs seized by the rebels, the extent of Chinese army losses, and the provisional government headed by Alihan Tore Shakirjan. Urging Stalin to support the Ili Muslims' liberation movement, they offer suggestions for future actions in support of the rebel army.

  • June 02, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria describes a meeting between NKVD Lt. Col. Prokopyuk and Shakirjan at which Shakirjan suggested renewing active rebel operations, emphasizing that the lack of combat is beginning to demoralize the Muslim population.

  • June 22, 1945

    Exceprt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 46 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces various measures to support the rebels in Ili, Xinjiang, and the East Turkestan Republic (ETR).

  • June 30, 1945

    Meeting between Marshal Stalin and Dr. Soong

    Stalin and Chinese Minister Soong discuss the necessity of warm relations between China and the Soviet Union; Stalin pledges to support China's position.

  • July 01, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports on a conversation with Chinese Minister Soong about his meeting with Stalin. Soong reports that China and the USSR wish to establish close ties; Harriman encourages Soong on this point.

  • July, 1945

    Message from Averell Harriman to the President and Secretary of State

    Harriman reports on Chiang Kai-Shek and Stalin's bartering over the status of Outer Mongolia. Chiang refuses to recognize its independence now, but offers to hold a plebiscite after the war.