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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 15, 1947

    Explanation of the Dissolution of the Indochinese Communist Party in 1945

    List of reasons for the dissolution of the Indochinese Communist Party by the Viet Minh in 1945. The list was provided by Pham Ngoc Thach while meeting with the Soviet Envoy in Switzerland A. G. Kulazhenkov in September 1947.

  • February 03, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Anastas Mikoyan and Mao Zedong

    Anastas Mikoyan and Mao Zedong converse about the mediation talks between the CCP and the Guomindang, Yugoslavia, coordination between the communist parties of the Asian countries, and the history of the CCP.

  • January 17, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Liu Shaoqi

    Mao Zedong announces that the People's Republic of China will recognize Ho Chi Minh's government in northern Vietnam.

  • February 01, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai to Liu Shaoqi

    Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai offer their greetings to Ho Chi Minh and wish the Viet Minh success in their confrontation with France.

  • March 06, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation between Molotov and PRC Ambassador Zhang Wentian

    Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and PRC Ambassador to the USSR Zhang Wentian discuss their respective views on the situations in Korea and Vietnam in preparation for the upcoming Geneva Conference.

  • April 04, 1954

    Draft Memorandum, 'A Comprehensive Solution for Restoring Peace in Indochina,' Prepared by the Vietnam Group of the Chinese Delegation Attending the Geneva Conference

    The Vietnam group of the Chinese delegation offers a solution involving peaceful unification within Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, so that these nations can govern themselves as independent, sovereign states.

  • April 17, 1954

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Huang Kecheng and Su Yu

    Telegram in which Mao Zedong instructs Huang Kecheng and Su Yu on how to proceed if an armistice is reached in Vietnam.

  • April 28, 1954

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai and Huang Kecheng

    Mao Zedong writes to comrades Peng Dehuai and Huan Kecheng informing them of the dangers that face the communists in Vietnam. There is a risk of enemy movement near the transportation line in the rear area which could force troops out of Dien Bien Phu.

  • June 14, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and the CCP Central Committee (excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai writes that the French concern for their troops has made them more willing to negotiate. Additionally Zhou assures Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and the CCP Central Committee that their side has maintained a positive attitude and the world will be left with the impression that their side has consistently pursued negotiations for reaching an agreement, whereas the US is merely attempting to sabotage the conference.

  • June 15, 1954

    Summary, Zhou Enlai's presentation at a meeting of the Chinese, Soviet, and Vietnamese delegations

    Zhou Enlai states that under the current situation the communist side should make concessions on the Laos and Cambodia questions so that the conference will continue. Additionally he sees the key issue in the negotiation now is whether to acknowledge that there are Vietnamese troops in the two countries.

  • June 16, 1954

    Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference, Speech by Vietnam Delegate

    Nguyen Van Tam speaks about Vietnam's struggle against communism at the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist Conference in Chinhae, Korea.

  • July 03, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi and the CCP Central Committee, 'A Brief Report on the Meetings at Liuzhou'

    During this first meeting in Liuzhou, the Comrade Vo makes a comprehensive presentation. Later, Zhou will give a report on the Geneva Conference and the international situation.

  • July 05, 1954

    Transcript, Ho Chi Minh's presentation at the Liuzhou Conference (excerpt)

    In his speech to the Liuzhou Conference, Ho Chi Minh thanks Premier Zhou for helping the Communist Party of Indochina. Ho Chi Minh then goes on to talk about the situation in Vietnam, and how they should be pursuing peace, but preparing for both war.

  • July 15, 1954

    Telegram, Zhou Enlai to Wei Guoqing (excerpt)

    In this telegram Zhou Enlai informs Wei Guoqing that a ceasefire is in the works and asks him to propose to the Vietnamese side to that they work out a plan for withdrawal of the People's Army.

  • July 16, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong

    Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov describes his earlier conversations with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and French Prime Minister Pierre Mendes-France to Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Vietnamese Vice-Premier Pham Van Dong. Eden told Molotov in their conversation that he preferred military issues to be primarily in the cease-fire agreement between Vietnam and France, rather than in France’s draft of its Geneva Conference declaration. Molotov’s discussion with Mendes-France dealt with elections in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, the line of demarcation between North and South Vietnam, and the withdrawal of foreign troops from Vietnam.

  • July 17, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Zhou Enlai and Pham Van Dong

    Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav M. Molotov, Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, and Vietnamese Vice-Premier Pham Van Dong discuss various topics relevant to the Geneva Convention, including the construction of foreign military bases in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, the line of demarcation between North and South Vietnam, the establishment of regrouping zones in northeast Laos, the withdrawal of foreign troops from Indochina, and the possible formation of an international supervisory commission.

  • April 21, 1955

    Cable from Zhang Hanfu, 'Daily Report on the Activities of the Delegation'

    Zhang Hanfu’s telegrams to PRC Foreign Ministry reporting on the Chinese Delegation's Activities at the Afro-Asian conference on April 20 and 21

  • June 10, 1955

    Telegram to Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs V.A. Zorin from Army General Antonov

    Telegram to V. A. Zorin on establishment of a mixed Soviet-Chinese military mission in Hanoi.

  • September 23, 1955

    Telegram from V. Zorin on Chinese-Vietnamese Relations

    In this telegram, V. Zorin discusses Chinese economic relations with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. China has sent instructions to recall economic and political advisors from the DRV, but the Soviet Ambassador to the DRV has determined that economic assistance is still needed.

  • September 10, 1958

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to Ho Chi Minh

    Mao informs Ho Chi Minh that he should not be concerned by the Chinese bombardment of Jinmen Island, as "the Americans are afraid of fighting a war."