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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 27, 1961

    Meeting of the Planning Commission on Subjects Related to the VIII Consultation Meeting

    A collection of Brazilian ambassadors and ministers gather to meet and discuss the impact of Cuba-US relations on the region in preparation for a gathering of Organization of American States (OAS) foreign ministers scheduled for 22-31 January 1962. The government officials’ primary concerns are to manage the impact of the "Cuban problem" on domestic Brazilian politics and to develop an independent line of thought, without jeopardizing its relationship with the US. The officials want to craft an approach for the OAS meeting that will not cause Brazil to become a mediator between hostile parties nor incite Brazilian public opinion in favor of communism.

  • October 22, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the Annual Conferences of CIES (Celso Furtado), Mexico City

    US Secretary of the Treasury C. Douglas Dillon tells the Brazilian delegation that he must leave the Annual Conference of Cities in Mexico because the situation between the US and Cuba is too volatile and "he could not say if there will be or not a world nuclear war by the weekend."

  • October 22, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the Annual Conference of CIES (Celso Furtado), Mexico City (Part II)

    Furtado, in a follow-up telegram to his earlier message, recalls the impression that the American government considered the speech of Kennedy as an ultimatum to the USSR on the Cuban question.

  • October 24, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 5:15 p.m., Wednesday

    A telegram from Campos informing the Secretary of State that President Kennedy is suggesting the postponement of his visit to Brazil in light of the international tension.

  • October 24, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Delegation to the OAS, Washington, 9:30 p.m., Wednesday

    A telegram from the Delegation of Brazil at the Organization of American States in Washington, DC describing the actions that were taken and one the votes that was cast at the most recent meeting of the Council.

  • October 24, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Barišić) to Yugoslav Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from the Yugoslav Embassy in Rio de Janeiro to the Yugoslav Foreign Ministry relaying a message from "Brazilian Ambassador in Washington [Roberto de Oliveira Campos] says that the USA is getting ready for military intervention in Cuba. The approximate plan is that US planes will start bombing Cuba in the places where there are alleged bases with nuclear weapons and that will be as soon as Cuba refuses to accept the UN Commission for disarmament."

  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Embassy in Havana (Vidaković) to Yugoslav Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from Yugoslav Embassy in Havana to the Yugoslav Foreign Ministry describing Vidaković's meeting with Brazilian Ambassador Pinto. They mostly discussed the Cuban crisis in relation to decisions made in the Organization of American States (OAS) councils.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the OAS, Washington, 6:30 p.m., Friday

    The Brazilian Delegation to the OAS reports that the American Delegation at the General Assembly of the United Nations will enter into contact with the Brazilian Delegation to examine the proposal for banning nuclear arms in Latin America and Africa. In the opinion of the Brazilian Delegation, the North American interest in the proposition is aimed at neutralizing the effect of the Soviet manifestation.

  • October 27, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Barišić) to Yugoslav Foreign Ministry

    A telegram from the Yugoslav Embassy in Rio de Janeiro to the Yugoslav Foreign Ministry about a meeting with Brazilian President João Goulart. Barišić says Goulart considers that everything must be done to prevent the beginning of war, because war would bring unpredictable catastrophe and it would be hard to extinguish it if war operations start. Goulart also shares his opinion that negotiations are necessary, and that Cuba must be prevented from becoming an atomic base for it could be the constant cause of war dangers.

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Embassy in Rio (Barišić) to Yugoslav Foreign Ministry

    Barišić is forwarding a message from Brazilian President João Goulart to Yugoslavian President Tito. The body of the message contains his thoughts on both Brazil and Yugoslavia's involvement in the Cuban Missile Crisis and also his hopes that negotiations can reach a settlement that will both retain Cuba's right to self-determination and also proceed with the denuclearization efforts of Latin America.

  • October 29, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the OAS (Barreiros), Washington, DC, 2:30 a.m., Monday

    Barreiros meets with Secretary of State Dean Rusk and others to discuss the Cuban crisis, messages between President Kennedy and Khrushchev, and the position of Brazil in the next meeting of the OAS Organ of Consultation.

  • October 31, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 6:30 p.m., Wednesday

    The Brazilian government offers elements of their Armed Forces for collaboration in the blockade of Cuba, authorized by the OAS and executed by the American government. Brazil does so for three reasons: their affirmative vote on the blockade in the OAS, most Latin American countries have contributed armed forces and it is a gesture of cooperate with the United States.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    A telegram from Ruiz Solar (diplomat) describing Brazil and Chile's foreign relations with Cuba in regards to U.S.-Cuban tensions. It covers discussions in the United Nations on the subject and also the "Brazilian mediation" attempt to demilitarize Cuba.

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 7 p.m., Thursday

    Campos discusses diplomatic gestures between Brazil, the United States and Cuba during the Cuban crisis and some misunderstandings that may have emerged during that time.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Warsaw (Valente), 4 p.m., Monday

    The Brazilian Embassy in Poland discusses Poland's sympathy on the Brazilian motion in the United Nations about the denuclearization and its favorable reflection in a solution of the Cuban crisis.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Moscow (da Cunha), 4:15 p.m., Monday

    Brazil's embassy in Moscow discusses visits by Novotny, Ulbricht and Gomulka to Moscow and says that there is the impression that the recent international events have created a state of disorientation in the community of socialist countries and that the great challenge of Khrushchev will be to accommodate this state of affairs in the short term.

  • November 05, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 4:45 p.m., Monday

    Pinto describes two recent speeches, one by Kennedy the other by Castro, and appears to give more credit and praise to the speech by Castro. He also discusses the Cuban crisis situation in general.

  • November 08, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    Ruiz Solar discusses in a telegram his opinions on the failed attempts of "Brazilian mediation" of the Cuban crisis.

  • November 17, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    Ruiz Solar discusses in a telegram U Thant's proposal regarding the Cuban crisis. Thant’s proposal mainly consists in establishing permanent inspection in Cuba by representatives of neutral countries chosen by the Cuban Government.

  • December 07, 1962

    Message from Mexican Foreign Ministry to Mexican Embassy, Rio de Janeiro

    A message from the Mexican Foreign Ministry to its Embassy stressing that is aware of the Brazilian government’s various proposals to intervene in the resolution of the Cuban-North American problem.