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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 09, 1941

    Cable from Dimitrov to Stalin, Molotov, Beria, and Malenkov

    Cable to top Soviet officials advising against reviving the Communist Party of Iran, and instead advising its members to work through the People's Party. Kuybyshev believes the Communist Party would be too small to be significant, and would give British and Nazi agents in Iran an opportunity to turn Iranian elites against the Soviet Union.

  • 1944

    Report on the Political and Economic Situation in Tabriz in 1943

    A report detailing the political and economic situation in Tabriz in 1943, detailing, among other things, leadership, local government, and elections. There is emphasis placed on the Soviet role in the region and how it will affect outcomes.

  • March 18, 1944

    Letter, Dimitrov to Molotov, 'The Situation in the People's Party of Iran'

    Message from Dimitrov to Molotov about the 1944 Iranian elections and the upcoming merger of the country's trade unions. Dimitrov attributes the People's Party's loss in the election to corruption among its opponents, but states that the campaign for the People's Party was successful in introducing its ideas to Iranian citizens.

  • June 05, 1944

    Letter to Deputy USSR People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs Kavtaradze and the USSR Ambassador to Iran Makisimov from Vice-Consul of the USSR General Consulate in Tabriz Marchenko

    Letter forwarding a report about the political and economic situation of the consular district of the USSR General Consulate in Tabriz for 1943.

  • November 09, 1944

    Letter No. 402 from L.D. Wilgress, Canadian Embassy, Moscow, to the Secretary of State for External Affairs, W.L. Mackenzie King

    The Canadian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, L.D. Wilgress, thoroughly reviews Soviet foreign policy in Europe, Asia, and in Latin America and its relations with the United States and the United Kingdom. Wilgress optimistically concludes that "the Soviet Government are desirous of co-operating fully with the other great powers."

  • June 21, 1945

    Decree of the USSR State Defense Committee No 9168 SS Regarding Geological Prospecting Work for Oil in Northern Iran

    Decree ordering '"Azneft" [Azerbaijani Oil] Association to supervise geological prospecting for oil deposits in northern Iran under the direction of Narkomneft, the USSR Oil Ministry.

  • July 06, 1945

    Decree of the CC CPSU Politburo to Mir Bagirov CC Secretary of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan, 'Measures to Organize a Separatist Movement in Southern Azerbaijan and Other Provinces of Northern Iran'

    The Soviet leadership informs the leadership of the CPAz CC of the decisions taken regarding the need to organize a separatist movement in Northern Iran. The document sets up a step by step plan to insure that the population in Northern Iran can be manipulated to declare independence and join the Azerbaijan SSR.

  • July 14, 1945

    Secret Soviet Instructions, 'Measures to Carry out Special Assignments throughout Southern Azerbaijan and the Northern Provinces of Iran'

    Soviet document with instructions on creating the Azerbaijan Democratic Party in northern Iran in an attempt to set the basis for a separatist movement.

  • November 20, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Additional Information Received from Tabriz'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials discussing Iranian troop operations against Azerbaijani partisans, both of which are asking the Soviets for assistance. States that orders have been given for Soviet forces to act against Iranian ones only under extreme necessity.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials that describes the opening of the Azerbaijani National Assembly in Tabriz. Also notes that Azerbaijani partisans are now on the defensive, having overcome most of the landowners and gendarmerie units in the area. Indicates that partisans have begun to rely partially on Soviet support.

  • November 21, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Telegram to top Soviet officials describing strikes made by Azerbaijani partisans against Iranian gendarmerie and popular rallies throughout Iranian Azerbaijan.

  • November 22, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Report sent to top Soviet officials declaring that all civic institutions are functioning normally under the partisans, and that the partisans are now attempting to peacefully overcome the remaining gendarmerie elements. Notes that they are also preparing for eventual retaliation from the Iranian government.

  • November 23, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials reporting that Iranian troops had advanced on Tabriz and were waiting for reinforcements to engage the Azerbaijani partisans. Also notes that complications may arise as a result of General Derakhshani's institution of martial law in Tabriz.

  • November 24, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'Information about Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials regarding recent hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, but assuring officials that the situation in Iranian Azerbaijan is peaceful and under control. Notes that General Darakhshami is in need of reinforcements. Also describes the procedure undertaken disseminate the appeal and declaration of the Azerbaijani Founding Congress.

  • November 26, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message sent to top Soviet officials, describing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and Iranian gendarmerie, which the partisans attempt to resolve peacefully but must sometimes resort to violence. Notes the "reactionary" rumors of chaos and violence being spread about the new state, but asserts that few believe these once visiting partisan-controlled cities.

  • November 27, 1945

    Telegram from Baku to Moscow, 'The Situation in Iranian Azerbaijan'

    Message to top Soviet officials describing continuing hostilities between Azerbaijani partisans and the Iranian gendarmerie. In the actions described, the partisans are successful, killing very few gendarmes and preferring to disarm the rest.

  • January 01, 1946

    Deciphered Telegram from Iran to Stalin

    Report distributed among top Soviet officials, describing an independence movement in Gilan province. Expresses doubt and concern over the extant to which this movement can be controlled by the existing Azerbaijani partisan command.

  • March 13, 1946

    Message from Bagirov to Stalin and Molotov about Withdrawal of Troops from Northern Iran

    Bagirov and Maslennikov report on intelligence activities by all sides following on the withdrawal of Soviet troops from northern Iran.

  • April 04, 1946

    Message from Ambassador Sadchikov to Prime Minister Qavam About the Joint Oil Company

    Sadchikov expresses the Soviet government's interest in exploring a joint oil company using Northern Iranian oil.

  • April 04, 1946

    Message from Prime Minister Ahmad Qavam to Ambassador Sadchikov About a Joint Oil Company

    The Shah of Iran agrees to starting a Soviet-Iranian oil company using oil from Northern Iran. The letter contains Iran's conditions for this company and the promise that a treaty will soon follow this letter.