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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1975

    Meeting Transcript, Kissinger and Brezhnev Discuss Angola in Moscow

    Kissinger questions Brezhnev about Cuban involvement in Angola and asks if the Cubans will withdraw if the South Africans do. Brezhnev gives no definitive answers.

  • January 26, 1975

    Letter from Neto to Cuban leadership, Dar-es-Salaam

    Letter from Neto to Cuban leadership requesting help in setting up schools and providing military training, weapons and expertise

  • June 27, 1975

    US National Security Council Meeting Minutes on Angola

    President Ford is briefed on the situation in Angola and requests possible options that the US could pursue to be made ready.

  • July 04, 1975

    Soviet Ambassador to Angola E.I. Afanasenko, Memorandum of Conversation with Angolan President Neto

    Soviet Ambassador to the People's Republic of Angola E.I. Afanasenko, Memorandum of Conversation with President of the MPLA Agostinho Neto where Neto elaborates on Angolan relations with other parties in neighboring countries and requests financial and military aid.

  • August 11, 1975

    Raúl Díaz Argíelles to the Cuban Armed Forces Minister [Raúl Castro]

    Raúl Díaz Argíelles to the Armed Forces minister Raúl Castro on the meeting in Angola with Neto and clarifications of what type of aid to provide to Angola

  • November 27, 1975

    Cable, Henry Kissinger, 'Angola: SAG Requests USG Provide FNLA/UNITA with Military Equipment'

    Response to a request made by the South African Defense Forces Chief of Staff to supply UNITA/FNLA. The US believes that UNITA/FNLA are receiving sufficient support to meet their defensive needs.

  • December 03, 1975

    Memorandum of Conversation with Chinese Delegation led by Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping

    Chinese delegation visits the White House and discusses Angola. The Chinese emphasize that South Africa must exit the conflict if there is to be any chance of rallying other African states to oppose Neto.

  • December 30, 1975

    Letter, Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro, Luanda

    Risquet to Fidel Castro, Luanda on the high morale of Cuban commanders and soldiers in Angola

  • January 29, 1976

    Letter, Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro, Luanda

    Risquet to Fidel Castro, Luanda on his meeting with Neto regarding weapons delivered by the Soviet Union to Angola to help arm Cubans coming to fight for Angola

  • March 11, 1976

    Minutes of the Meeting between Todor Zhivkov and Fidel Castro in Sofia

    Conversation for the record between Zhivkov and Castro during a four-day-long state visit of the Cuban leader to Bulgaria. Among the main issues discussed was the state of economic development in both countries, their relations with Albania, China, Romania and Yugoslavia; the Cuban foreign policy in Africa and the Caribbean; the civil war in Angola; the battle for the Third World.

  • April 23, 1976

    Raúl Castro, Report on Cuban Technical Assistance to Angola, 'Acerca de la necesidad de una masiva ayuda técnica (civil) a RPA'

    Cuba’s minister of defense Raúl Castro recommends granting technical assistance to Angola.

  • June, 1976

    Raúl Castro, Report on his Visit to Africa, 'Informe al Buró Político del Segundo Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba acerca de su visita... (19 de abril a 7 junio de 1976)'

    Cuba’s minister of defense Raúl Castro reports on his visit to Angola, the USSR, Congo Brazzaville and Guinea Conakry, 19 April - 7 June 1976.

  • July 13, 1976

    Jorge Risquet to Fidel Castro

    Jorge Risquet was the head of the Cuban Civilian Mission in Angola.

  • September 04, 1976

    Soviet Ambassador to Angola Vorobiev, Conversation with Angolian President Neto

    Soviet Ambassador to the People's Republic of Angola B.S. Vorobiev, memorandum of conversation with President A. Neto where Neto speaks about the need to understand the position of the other southern African nations in order to evaluate the national liberation movements

  • October 01, 1976

    Background on Bulgaria-Angola Bilateral Relations

    Background information on Bulgarian-Angolan bilateral relations since Angolan independence.

  • January 20, 1977

    Senén Casas to Abelardo Colomé

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; General Abelardo Colomé was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola.

  • March 23, 1977

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and Agostinho Neto

    Agostinho Neto was Angola's president.

  • April, 1977

    Abelardo Colomé to Senén Casas

    General Abelardo Colomé was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense.

  • April 03, 1977

    Fidel Castro's 1977 Southern Africa Tour: A Report to Honecker (excerpt)

    The following excerpt--from a discussion on 3 April 1977 at the House of the SED Central Committee in East Berlin--contains Castro's impressions of the situations in several southern African countries, (e.g., Tanzania, Angola, Mozambique, People's Republic of the Congo), and several guerrilla or liberation groups in the region, such as the African National Congress (ANC), then struggling for power in South Africa, and two groups fighting to rule Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and the Zimbabwe African Political Union (ZAPU). Also included are Castro's assessments of individual political leaders, remarks about coordination with Moscow, and an over-all conclusion that Africa was the place to inflict a major blow against world imperialism.

  • June 14, 1977

    Memorandum, Raúl Castro to Fidel Castro

    Raúl Castro was Cuba’s minister of defense.