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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 14, 1950

    Cable from Vyshinsky to Mao Zedong, Relaying Stalin's Stance on Permission for North Korea to attack South Korea

    The cable contains Stalin’s personal response to Mao's 13 May telegram. Using the code-name “Filippov,” Stalin confirms his agreement with the North Korean proposal to “move toward reunification,” contingent on Beijing’s assent.

  • June 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Telegram from Mao asking Stalin to make sure that Kim Il Sung knows that he must agree to conduct negotiations to cease hostilities, and to decide the time, place, and number of participants for these negotiations. Mao continues to give his advice as to what the best place and time would be for these negotiations (place, on the 38th parallel; and time, 15 July, 1950).

  • July 01, 1950

    Conversation between Indian Ambassador Kavalam Madhava Panikkar and Deputy Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the role of the United Nations in ending the conflict in Korea.

  • September 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    Telegram from Shtykov to Moscow requesting that they advise the DPRK government to prepare for the upcoming UN General Assembly session and a statement of the position the Soviet Union will take at the upcoming UNGA session.

  • September 28, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Gromyko to Vyshisnky in New York

    Gromyko asks Vyshinsky to get Tsarapkin to inform American intermediary Lancaster that Malik has agreed to the meeting. Malik must hear out the Americans and if it seems that they're willing to work towards a peaceful resolution, tell Lancaster that any questions that the Americans had during this discussion will be answered in the next meeting.

  • November 09, 1950

    CC Politburo Decision with Approved Message from Gromyko to Roshchin with Message for Zhou Enlai

    Telegram from Gromyko to Zhou Enlai advising the latter to turn down the invitation for China to participate in the UN Security Council. It also explains the circumstances under which the invitation was obtained.

  • December 07, 1950

    VKP(b) CC Politburo decision with approved message to Vyshinsky in New York

    Message to Vyshinsky that U.S. proposals for a ceasefire should not be accepted as they are negotiating from a position of weakness after several defeats.

  • December 07, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Gromyko to Roshchin Transmitting Message from Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai

    Message from Stalin to Zhou Enlai agreeing with Chinese conditions for a ceasefire and advising that the Chinese limit negotiations on a ceasefire until Seoul is liberated.

  • December 07, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Roshchin conveying message from Zhou Enlai to Soviet Government

    A telegram from Roshchin in Beijing to Moscow, informing the Soviet leadership of the terms under which the Chinese will consider an armistice on the Korean Peninsula.

  • December 08, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    The CCP Central Committee gives instructions to the Chinese representatives to the UN on how to reply to confrontation over the Korean issue. The Chinese representatives are to express willingness to end military action as well as desire to know the UN and the U.S.'s positions on the conditions for an armistice.

  • December 13, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai expresses that China is the most interested in the opinion of the U.S. and the UN regarding the conditions for an armistice on the Korean peninsula, and makes clear that the 38th parallel is no longer in existence.

  • December 16, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai advises the Chinese UN representatives on how to explain and respond to representatives from other countries regarding the Korea issue and the proposed armistice.

  • January 29, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, conveying 28 January 1951 telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai

    A forward to Stalin of a message sent earlier by Mao to Peng Dehuai. It outlines operational plans for the PLA and KPA in and around Seoul and talks about the need to gain an advantageous military position with negotiations in mind.

  • June 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong re meeting in Moscow with Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao summarizing his discussions with Kim Il Sung and Gao Gang on the issues of military advisors, air force training and assistance, and the implications of a potential armistice.

  • June 14, 1951

    Handwritten letter from Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung to Stalin, with 13 June 1951 handwritten letter from Mao Zedong to Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung

    Letter from Mao to Gao Gang and Kim Il Sung, conveyed to Stalin, on a strategy for approaching and terms for an armistice. Issues considered include Taiwan, China's entry into the UN and the establishment of a neutral zone.

  • June 26, 1951

    Report from the Chinese International Liaison Department, 'Regarding Soviet Suggestion towards Ceasefire Negotiations'

    Report from the Foreign Ministry International Department on Soviet suggestion towards ceasefire negotiations in Korea.

  • June 27, 1951

    Reception of Alan G. Kirk, US Ambassador to the Soviet Union

    Record of Gromyko's discussion with Alan G. Kirk on whether the Soviet government is willing to support a peaceful resolution to the Korean problem. Gromyko answered in the affirmative. The two discussed ways to achieve a resolution, and who should be represented at the peace talks.

  • June 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin advising on the manner in which he believes armistice negotiations should be carried out.

  • June 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao advising how to reply to the American request for armistice negotiations.

  • June 30, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin)

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin confirming that the PLA will enact the reorganizations proposed by Stalin. Mao also talks about several considerations regarding the American proposal for armistice negotiations.