Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945
Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.
December 10, 1945
Soviet Foreign Ministry Report, 'On the Question of a United Government in Korea'
This document discusses the creation of an independent Korea. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) first presented the idea at the Cairo Conference in 1943. The United States supports the creation of a single Korean state while the USSR opposes it. The document discusses the importance of the answer to the unification question for the Soviet Union's political and economic future as well as its interest in the Far East.
January 11, 1946
Untitled memorandum on the political and morale situation of Soviet troops in North Korea and the economic situation in Korea
A Soviet report on the first several months of the occupation of North Korea.
April 02, 1946
Protocol No. 18 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)
Special dossier containing a resolution to send a Soviet geological prospecting party to survey North Korea for beryllium.
April 25, 1947
Protocol No. 36 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (Excerpt)
Special dossier refining aspects of the geological prospecting party to North Korea, to extract "rare elements".
May 12, 1947
Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin
Request to send Soviet specialists to North Korea to aid them. The DPRK especially needs help in the form of engineers to help them build their railroad. Shtykov notes that if the Koreans don’t receive aid from the Soviets, they'll turn to the Americans.
Telegram to Vyshinsky in New York
Discusses the Korean question. One idea is that it might be resolved based upon the Moscow Agreement of 1945. Other suggestions include proposing to the Americans that both the Americans and the Soviets take back all their troops from Korean soil, and that if talks are going to be held, representatives from both North and South Korea must be present.
October 23, 1947
Letter from Molotov to Stalin
Molotov stating that according to Stalin's direction Vyshinsky's telegram about the Korean problem will be revised.
April 12, 1948
Protocol No. 61 of a Meeting of the Special Committee under the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Excerpt)
Memorandum of the Special Committee of the CC CPSU postponing the geological prospecting for uranium in North Korea.
July 11, 1948
Record of Conversation between Kim Gu and Liu Yuwan
Kim Gu (Kim Koo) and the Chinese Nationalist Minister Liu Yuwan discuss Kim's participation in the South Korean government, his attendance at a conference in Pyongyang, and the possibility of a Russian-led attack on southern Korea.
October 10, 1948
Soviet Political, Economic, and Cultural Aid to the DPRK People for the DPRK's Democratic Construction
The Ministry of Culture and Propaganda publishes a pamphlet on the Soviet Union's tremendous assistance to the DPRK and contrasts the Soviet Union with the behavior of the US and Japan.
October 12, 1948
Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung
Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung acknowledging Kim Il Sung's telegram from the 8th of October. Stalin states that the Soviet government expresses its readiness to begin diplomatic relations with the DPRK, exchange ambassadors, and start economic relations.
Protocol Between the USSR and the DPRK
List of agreements between the two governments that state that the USSR will leave some of their navy forces in the port of Seisin, and that the DPRK will provide the necessary housing and facilities for the troops. Troops will be excused from customs and those working for the troops can move across borders with documents decided by both the USSR and DPRK.
March 05, 1949
Meeting between Stalin and Kim Il Sung
Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the military and economy in North Korea, Soviet-North Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with other foreign countries.
March 11, 1949
Letter to Stalin from Molotov on Granting North Korea Credit to Purchase Soviet Equipment
The Soviet Commission on Korea prepared an official agreement between the USSR and DPRK which gives DPRK credit in the USSR to purchase Soviet military equipment and materials.
March 17, 1949
Agreement between Soviet Union and North Korea
Agreement between the government of the Soviet Union and the government of the DPRK to grant the Republic of Korea a loan to pay for the supplied equipment and materials, as well as military equipment.
March 18, 1949
Protocol No. 68 of a Meeting of the Special Committee Under the Council of Ministers of the USSR
Sea and air agreements between USSR and DPRK, establishment of regular relationships with the Korean government, agreement about proposed construction projects, transportation, agreements in regards to Korean specialists in USSR, trade establishment with Korea
May 20, 1949
The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations
Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.
April 20, 1949
Telegram, Shtemenko and Vasilevsky to Stalin
A telegram informing Stalin that there has been about 37 violations from the South Koreans over the 38 parallel, and that the Soviet government should advise the North Koreans to take appropriate measures to be ready to respond to more provocative actions from the North Koreans.
September 03, 1949
Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinsky
Kim Il Sung, having recieved intelligence suggesting South Korea intended to seize the Ongjin Peninsula, requests Soviet permission to move further into South Korea.