Top Secret Documents on the China Situation
North Korean intelligence on events in the Chinese Civil War.
March 05, 1949
Meeting between Stalin and Kim Il Sung
Kim Il Sung and Stalin discuss the military and economy in North Korea, Soviet-North Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with other foreign countries.
April 20, 1949
The Korean Issue at the Third General Assembly of the United Nations
Published by the Society for the Study of International Problems in 1949, this book contains a compilation of letters and news from 1948 that cover North Korea's position toward the Korean issue at the United Nations.
May 18, 1949
Soviet Report on the Results of Chinese-Korean Talks on Military Cooperation on 17 May
A telegram from the leader of the group of Soviet specialists in Northeast China to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers about the results of Chinese-Korean talks on military cooperation.
July 22, 1949
The China Issue
A secret North Korean intelligence file on developments in the Chinese Civil War.
October 03, 1949
Cable, from Stalin to the Soviet Ambassador in Beijing
Stalin asks the ambassador to find the Minister of Foreign Affairs in Beijing and tell him that they agree with the DPRK's thinking on the feasibility of establishing diplomatic relations between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the People's Republic of China.
October 06, 1949
Premier Zhou Enlai's Note to North Korea on His Willingness to Establish Diplomatic Relations with China
Zhou Enlai writes to North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Hon-yeong and conveys China's desire to establish diplomatic relations with North Korea.
December 29, 1949
Telegram to Mao Zedong from Nie Rongzhen concerning the Repatriation of Ethnic Korean Soldiers to North Korea
Lin Biao asks for instructions on whether to send ethnic Korean officers and soldiers to North Korea.
Register of Letters Received from China
A list of letters of support from China received by the North Korean government during the Korean War.
January 11, 1950
Cable from the Central Military Commission to Lin Biao, Deng Zihui, Tan Zhen, Xiao Ke, and Zhao Erlu
To the question of whether to send back the ethnic Korean officers back to Korea, the Central Military Commission answers in the affirmative and writes that CMC has already asked for Korean officers to come to China to reorganize the troops and bring them back home.
January 19, 1950
Telegram Shtykov to Vyshinsky on a Luncheon at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK
Shtykov reports a meeting with Kim Il Sung, along with Chinese and Korean delegates. Kim Il Sung expresses his view on the prospect of a liberation of the South Korean people that is to follow the Chinese success in liberation. Kim expresses his view that the South Koreans support his cause for reunification which the South Korean government does not seem to purse, and that he desires to ask Stalin for permission on an offensive action on South Korea.
January 22, 1950
Telegram from Liu Shaoqi to Mao Zedong
Liu Shaoqi reports to Mao Zedong that the ethnic Korean officers have arrived to bring back the ethnic Koreans to Korea. To the request of the North Korean officers in bringing back the weapons ethnic Korean officers had used, Mao responds in the affirmative.
March 21, 1950
Oral Message from Choe Yeong, Charge d'Affaires, North Korean Embassy
Choe Yeong informs the Chinese Foreign Ministry of the upcoming birthday of Pak Heon-yeong, Foreign Minister of the DPRK.
April 10, 1950
Ciphered telegram, Soviet Representative Aleksei Ignatieff in Pyongyang to Vyshinsky
In a discussion between Mao Zedong and Ri Ju-yeon, Mao expresses a positive attitude toward China-North Korea relations, though indicates he is unaware that Kim Il Sung was then in the Soviet Union.
May 06, 1950
Report, Hungarian Foreign Ministry to the Embassy of Hungary in North Korea (Excerpt)
The Hungarian Ambassador to North Korea detailing the behavior of the North Korean delegation at the April 4, 1950 celebrations held in Budapest.
May 12, 1950
Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinski regarding meeting with Kim Il Sung
Shtykov reports of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, in which Kim Il Sung tells Shtykov the questions he means to ask Mao Zedong in a following meeting in Beijing the next day.
May 13, 1950
Telegram from Roshchin to Stalin
North Korea's war plans against South Korea are vaguely hinted a during a meeting between Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Kim Il Sung, and Pak Heon-yeong.
May 13, 1950
Cable from Roshchin to Stalin, Relaying Mao's Request for Clarification on North Korea Taking Action Against South Korea
The telegram relays a request from Mao, conveyed via Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai, seeking Stalin’s “personal clarifications” of his stand on a potential North Korean action to reunify the country. Mao sought the information after hearing a report from Kim, who had arrived that day in the Chinese capital for a secret two-day visit and clearly claimed that he had received Stalin’s blessing.
May 14, 1950
Telegram from Roshchin to Stalin
Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.
May 16, 1950
Telegram from Filippov to Mao Zedong
Stalin notifies Mao Zedong that he believes the signing of a treaty pact between China and North Korea should only come after Korean reunification.