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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 07, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on Korean Red Cross talks, detente and unification, remarks by the ROK Prime Minister, remarks by the ROK Foreign Minister, remarks by the ROK ambassador to the US on ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, India's stance on Korean debate, and new commander-in-chief of the UNC.

  • September 13, 1972

    South Africa Department of Foreign Affairs, Letter from South African Consul General in Tel Aviv C.B.H. Fincham to on the Opening of Israeli Diiplomatic Missions in Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho

    The Consul General of the South African Embassy in Tel Aviv describes a conversation with Lt. Col. Pinchas Gonen regarding the opening of Israeli diplomatic missions in Botswana, Swaziland and Lesotho. Gonen described the job training and military-to-civilian transition programs Israel had assisted in creating in several African countries. They discuss Israeli foreign policy in Africa in general.

  • September 14, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on press release on UNCURK's report, North-South Red Cross talks, prospects for postponement, report on the UNC to the UN, military armistice commission, ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, US troop withdrawal from the ROK, and UNGA documentation on Korea.

  • September 19, 1972

    CIA Ends All Involvement with Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

    A CIA chronology records the end of all financial support to RFE and RL on June 30, 1971, and the end of all supervision and other involvement on March 30, 1972. [Thereafter, funding and oversight were temporarily the responsibility of the Department of State and thereafter until 1995 the responsibility of a new federal body, the Board for International Broadcasting, and subsequently the responsibility of the Broadcasting Board of Governors.]

  • September 21, 1972

    Memorandum of Conversation, 'Indian Nuclear Developments'

    A meeting between British Foreign Office and State Department officials on the Indian nuclear problem occurred the same month that Indian Prime Minister Gandhi approved the “final preparations for a PNE.” Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Christopher T. Van Hollen (the father of the future Maryland Congressman) and his colleagues followed the approach taken by the Special National Intelligence Estimate, which was close to that taken by the British Joint Intelligence Committee. According to country director David Schneider, the “odds were about even” that India would make a decision, but once it was made, India could test very quickly. There was “no firm intelligence” that a “go-ahead signal” to prepare for a test had been made. Schneider reviewed bilateral and multilateral steps, proposed in the NSSM 156 study, that the U.S. and others could take to try to discourage an Indian test and the range of reactions that would be available if India went ahead. A “weak” U.S. reaction, Schneider observed, would suggest that Washington would “acquiesce” if other countries followed India’s example.

  • September 26, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun and Narasimhan exchange telegrams on UN General Assembly's decision to proceed UNCURK's dissolution and UN troop withdrawal from ROK.

  • September 28, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on General Committee vote on Korean items.

  • September 28, 1972

    Telegram 10353 from the American Embassy in Tokyo, 'Mao-Tanaka Meeting'

    Mao had a conversation with Tanaka, carrying numerous stories from food to his childhood.

  • October 25, 1972

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, 'The New Situation in the ROK'

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter explaining current development in ROK including its declaration of the Martial Law.

  • October 31, 1972

    Letter, C.V. Narasimhan to Ahmet H. Ozbudun, containing "Main Points of the Draft Amendments to the Constitution of the Republic of Korea" and "The Special Declaration by President Park Chung Hee on October 17, 1972"

    A summary of the new yushin constitution, issued by the South Korean Permanent Observer at the United Nations.

  • November 23, 1972

    Cable, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter reporting on ROK's national referendum on amendment of the Consitution.

  • December 06, 1972

    Letters between Ahmet H. Ozbudun and C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter reporting on North-South Co-ordinating Committee, forthcoming elections, and next session of UNCURK.

  • December 07, 1972

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Study of Underground Nuclear Tests

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and Prime Minister, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, on the study of underground nuclear tests and their advancement of peaceful nuclear uses.

  • 1973

    Comments from Leading American Senators

    An insert to an AKFIC publication on the role of the U.S. Congress in U.S.-North Korean relations.

  • 1973

    For Congress to Act We Must Speak Out, Loud and Clear!

    The AKFIC urges the U.S. Congress to positively respond to a letter from North Korea's Supreme People's Assembly.

  • January 03, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "North-South 'Doctrine of Parallelism'"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a letter on North-South 'Doctrine of Parallelism'.

  • January 16, 1973

    H. Daniel Brewster to Herman Pollack, 'Indian Nuclear Developments'

    The interagency group prepared a response to NSSM 156 on 1 September 1972 and it was sent to Kissinger. The summary of the study reproduced here includes the conclusion that an Indian test would be “a set-back to nonproliferation efforts” and that Washington should “do what [it] can to avert or delay” one. Thus, recommendations included a number of unilateral and multilateral actions that the United States government could take, noting that “given the poor state” of Indo-American relations, an “overly visible” U.S. effort would more likely speed up an Indian decision to test a device, Even non-US efforts were likely not to “be per se effective.”

  • January 24, 1973

    Memorandum from Ronald I Spiers to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, 'US – French Military Cooperation: Status Report'

    Description of weapons safety talks between US and French nuclear weapons technicians. The US team is impressed that the French employ safety tactics that are on par with US practices. A third talk would help cover any remaining issues related to safety, and would also be a time to discuss underground nuclear testing by the French. The French continue to press for more technical assistance for their missile program.

  • January 26, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan, "Ramifications of the ROK Troop Withdrawal from Viet-Nam"

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on ramification of the ROK troop withdrawal from Vietnam, UN policy of the ROK, North-South contacts, ROK National Assembly elections, and the old and new constitution of DPRK.

  • February 02, 1973

    Letter, Ahmet H. Ozbudun to C.V. Narasimhan

    Ozbudun sends Narasimhan a report on UN policy of the ROK, greater civilian control at the ROK Defense Ministry, and director of the ROK CIA.