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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 09, 1961

    The Chinese Government's May 5th Response to the Soviet Government on the Memorandum on the Expansion of the Geneva Conference and the Peaceful Conclusion of the Laos Issue

    The Chinese Government advocates for a ceasefire and an international conference on Laos "in order to consolidate the victory."

  • May 10, 1961

    Report from the Ministry of Public Security on Illegal Border Crossings of Ethnic Koreans from Liaoning

    The Ministry of Public Security briefs Premier Zhou Enla, Deng Xiaoping, and Peng Zhen on the increase of ethnic Korean residents illegally crossing the border into North Korea.

  • May 12, 1961

    Notes on Soviet Political Work with China

    Covers a meeting that took place on May 12, 1961 involving the military attaches of various socialist countries, where Mao spoke about the China's political and ideological direction, perseverance through work and scarcity, and flexible military strategies, and lays out plan for fulfilling these goals

  • May 15, 1961

    Director of the Office of Near Eastern Affairs Robert C. Strong to Armin H. Meyer, 'Suggested Points to be Made to U.S. Scientists, Dr. Staebler and Dr. Croach, at the Meeting at 2:30 p.m., May 15'

    Instructions for the two US observers visiting the Israeli nuclear facility at Dimona.

  • May 16, 1961

    Special Assistant to the Secretary of State for Atomic Energy and Outer Space Philip J. Farley, Memorandum of Conversation, 'Israeli Atomic Energy Program'

    Farley reports on a conversation with Mordechai Gazit regarding the American visit to Dimona and the purposes of the visit.

  • May 16, 1961

    Summary of Meeting between Third Secretary Hassenkhe and Head of Socialist Countries Bureau Yaker

    Summary of 27 April 1961 meeting between East German Third Secretary, Hassenkhe, and Algerian Head of Socialist Countries Bureau, Layachi Yaker. Algerian government describes Algerian socialist organizations as "counter-revolutionary." Summary references East German establishment of Red Cross delegation in Morocco as unofficial channel for providing Algeria with material assistance.

  • May 16, 1961

    Cable from Qiao Xiaoguang, 'The South Korean Military Coup Situation'

    North Korean and Chinese analyses of Park Chung Hee's coup in South Korea.

  • May 17, 1961

    Report, Embassy of the Hungarian People’s Republic in the DPRK to the Foreign Ministry of Hungary

    Hungarian Ambassador Károly Práth reports on a conversation with Soviet Ambassador Puzanov about the cult of personality in North Korea and leadership within the Korean Workers' Party

  • May 17, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Sweeden, 'Swedish News Publications’ Comments on the South Korean Coup'

    The Chinese Embassy in Sweden summarizes the reaction in the local press to the coup in South Korea.

  • May 18, 1961

    Memorandum, by L.D. Battle, Executive Secretary, to McGeorge Bundy, Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, 'American Scientists’ Visit to Israel’s Dimona Reactor'

    President Kennedy told the new US ambassador to Israel, Walworth Barbour, that he was concerned about Israel’s insistence on a secret visit as well as the "absence of a 'neutral' scientist" in the visit to Dimona. The State Department took the position that it was better to put up with Ben-Gurion’s "sensitivities" about secrecy than "have no visit" at all

  • May 18, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in the Soviet Union, 'Soviet Newspapers’ Comments on the South Korean Military Coup'

    According to Chinese analysis, the Soviet press described the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea as reactionary and led by the United States.

  • May 19, 1961

    Letter, Channing Liem to Dag Hammarskjold containing Letter from Do Young Chang

    Channing Liem sends Dag Hammarskjold correspondence containing a letter from Do Young Chang, Lieutenant General of South Korea and Chariman of Military Revolutionary Committee.

  • May 19, 1961

    Letter from Ambassador Pervukhin to Foreign Minister Gromyko on the German Problem

    Ambassador Pervukhin reports to Russian Foreign Minister Gromyko on the position of the East German government regarding the possibility of a peace treaty between the Soviet Union and East Germany and a resolution to the ambiguous status of Berlin. The report also discusses the possibility of enforcing better border controls between east and west Berlin in order to "close 'the door to the West.'"

  • May 20, 1961

    Telegram from Ambassador Schneidewind on the Situation in Korea

    GDR Ambassador Schneidewind discusses anti-communist demonstrations in North Korea and South Korea's military coup.

  • May 20, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Representative Office in the UK, 'Britain’s Reaction to the South Korean Military Coup'

    The Chinese Diplomatic Representative's Office in Britain reports that the US had no prior intelligence about the South Korean military coup, which the British public believes to be a result of repression under Jang Myeon and growing corruption rather than American interference. While Britain doubts that the coup clique will be able to run South Korea, it has no power to intervene because South Korea falls within the United States' 'sphere of influence.'

  • May 21, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea, 'Contents of the May 18th North Korean Party Central Standing Committee Meeting'

    A Chinese report on a Meeting of the Central Standing Committee in which the North Koreans negatively reflected on the Park Chung Hee coup in South Korea.

  • May 26, 1961

    Memorandum from Executive Secretary L. D. Battle to McGeorge Bundy, 'U.S. Scientists Visit to Israel’s Nuclear Reactor'

    During their visit to Israel (May 17-May 22), AEC scientists Croach and Staebler visited the Weizman Institute, the Technion, the USAEC-funded swimming pool experimental reactor at Soreq, and finally the Dimona complex then under construction. When Croach and Staebler met with State Department officials on their return, they said that they were "satisfied" that the reactor was "of the scope and peaceful character" claimed by Israeli officials.

  • May 26, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Liaison Office in Gaesong, 'Xi-li’s View of the Current Situation in Korea'

    The Chinese Liaison Office in Gaesong describes a Czech General's assessment of the situation in South Korea. According to the General, the May Revolution in South Korea was single-handedly engineered by the United States and the situation is unlikely to be resolved in the absence of an improvement in Sino-US relations.

  • May 29, 1961

    Memorandum from Deputy Chair, South African Atomic Energy Board, T. E. W. Schumann Regarding 2 June 1961 Paris Meeting on Bilateral Safeguards

    Memorandum discussing the impact on South Africa of new safeguards applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency to the sale and transfer of nuclear materials.

  • May 29, 1961

    Department of State Briefing Book, 'Israel Prime Minister Ben-Gurion’s Visit to the United States'

    Preparatory materials for Ben-Guiron's visit.