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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 13, 1935

    Politburo Decisions of 13 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang

    The Politburo directs manpower and funds to support the Xinjiang army and accepts the text of an agreement between the Mongolian People's Republic and Manchukuo on the issue of a border commission.

  • September 29, 1935

    Politburo Decisions of 29 September 1935 Concerning Xinjiang

    The Politburo prohibits NKVD officers in Xinjiang from deviating from the approved political line and proposes developing oil near the border under the guise of Xinjiang production.

  • October 01, 1935

    Concerning the Sale of Soviet Military Equipment to the Xinjiang Government

    The Politburo orders military equipment, including U-2 aircraft, small arms, and clothing, from NKO stocks to be sold to the Xinjiang government.

  • October 03, 1935

    Concerning Relations with the 36th Division (National Revolutionary Army)

    The Politburo orders the NKVD to seek, with the cooperation of Ma Zhongying, commander of the 36th Division of the National Revolutionary Army, the departure of the NRA division commanders most hostile to the Xinjiang government. The Politburo also instructs the NKVT and NKID to commence trade with the 36th Division immediately.

  • November 15, 1935

    Concerning Cde. Apresov's Gifts to Leaders in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders objects to be released to the disposition of Cde. Apresov, the General Consul in Urumqi, for distribution as gifts to government officials in Xinjiang.

  • 1936

    Telegram from Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov to G. Apresov, Consul General in Urumqi

    Stalin, Molotov, Voroshilov express alarm about Shicai Sheng's red corner and discussions about the possible Sovietization of Xinjiang, reported in an earlier telegram from G. Apresov. They reaffirm that the USSR has no territorial claims on China, denies any plans for the Sovietization of Xinjiang, and declares its firm support for China in its struggle of independence from Japan, Britain, and other imperialist countries.

  • February 07, 1936

    Concerning Negotiations with Ma Zhongying of the 36th Devision of the National Revolutionary Army

    The Politburo accepts Ma Zhongying's proposal and recommends that the Urumqi government agree to appropriate concessions in peace talks with the 36th Division.

  • February 28, 1936

    Concerning the Protection of the USSR from Espionage and Sabotage

    The Politburo adopts measures to protect the Soviet Union from the penetration of terrorist, espionage, and sabotage elements.

  • March 09, 1936

    Concerning the Proposals of Cde. Voroshilov on Foreign Intelligence

    The Politburo approves the proposals of Cde. Voroshilov concerning intelligence work abroad.

  • March 17, 1936

    Concerning the Special Purpose Geological Expedition in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders the NKTP Special Purpose Geological Expedition in Xinjiang to continue prospecting for tin, tungsten, and molybdenum, allocating rubles and workers to support their efforts.

  • March 29, 1936

    Concerning the Maintenance of Peoples from Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders to release of over 1.2 million rubles to the NKVD to support the maintenance of peoples from Xinjiang.

  • June 17, 1936

    Concerning Soviet Trade with Xinjiang

    The Politburo reduces the import plan for Xinjiang after a cattle plague and poor cotton harvest, while ordering the export plans to remain at their current level.

  • July 16, 1936

    On Soviet Trade Officials in Xinjiang

    The CPSU Politburo increases the number of Soviet trade officials in Xinjiang.

  • October 04, 1936

    Letter from Sheng Shicai to Cde. V. M. Molotov

    Governor Shicai Sheng of Xinjiang praises the Soviet Union and expresses gratitude to Cde. V. M. Molotov for the "moral and material friendly aid" Xinjiang has received from the Soviet Union while expressing regret that he will be unable to accompany Apresov, the Consul General in Urumqi, on his visit to the Soviet Union.

  • February 16, 1937

    Concerning Soviet Geological Exploration Work in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders that the Special Expedition of the NKTP continue its work in the territory of Xinjiang, namely exploring and mining in the Surtassky deposit and the Ili [Yili] District, through 1937.

  • April 04, 1937

    Concerning a Peace Settlement in Kashgar

    The Politburo orders both the governor of Kashgar and Cde. Smirnov to appeal to Mamut to resolve his disputes with the Urumqi government peacefully. In the event that Mamut begins conducting military opeartions against the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders Cdes. Frinovsky and Uritsky to prepare a plan of military measures against the Uighur division.

  • April 08, 1937

    Concerning Military Operations in Xinjiang

    The Soviet Politburo directs Cde. Frinovsky to suggest that division commander Ma Hushan of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army intercept Mamut and disarm him.

  • April 19, 1937

    Concerning Actions to be Taken Against the Command of the 6th Division of the NRA

    Noting that the command staff of the 6th Division of the Chinese National Revolutionary Army is hostile to the Urumqi government, the Politburo orders that the units be disarmed and the command staff arrested. The Politburo also orders that a group of energetic Chinese and Uighurs from Kashgar be sent to organize a government in Yarkant.

  • May 17, 1937

    Concerning Support for Chinese Troops in Kashgaria

    The Politburo orders Soviet aircraft, armored cars, and pilots be sent to assist the Chinese command in suppressing the rebels in Kashgaria.

  • May 28, 1937

    Concerning Song Ziwen's Travel

    The Politburo recommends that the governor of Xinjiang permit Song Ziwen to travel to Urumqi.