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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 21, 1950

    Telegram from Soviet Defense Minister A.M. Vasilevsky to Stalin

    Vasilevsky reports on the state of Korean fighter aviation regiments, damaged Soviet regiments in Korea, Korean maintenance crews and transport of battalions and munitions supplies to Korea, allowing Stalin to decide, pending further calculations, whether or not it would be logical to transfer aircraft to Pyongyang.

  • September 29, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    China approves of Kim Il Sung's request to build warehouses and factories in China and Korea and agrees to recruit Korean drivers for him in the northeast.

  • October 04, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Gao Gang, He Jinnian, and Ni Zhiliang

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on the mobilization of Korean drivers in the northeast.

  • October 29, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi

    Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi on agreements made with the Soviet side regarding pilots and air defenses at Andong.

  • November 02, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, S.E. Zakharov, Soviet Military Representative in Beijing, to Feng Xi (Stalin)

    Telegram to Stalin reporting on the status--operational readiness and losses incurred--of North Korean air forces.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai attempts to arrange a meeting between Kim Il Sung and two Chinese leaders, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang, to discuss military operations and arrangements.

  • November 15, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Mao Zedong to Filippov (Stalin) via Zakharov

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin agreeing to Stalin's proposal to reinforce Soviet air forces and air defense in China and Manchuria.

  • November 15, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Nie Rongzhen

    Zhou Enlai reports on the Soviet plans to strengthen the air force, presumably as a show of force to the American side.

  • November 17, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai via Zakharov

    Stalin's affirmative response to Zhou Enlai's request of 16 November for automobiles.

  • November 20, 1950

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, via Shtykov

    Stalin agrees to train North Korean pilots, but in China, not in the Soviet Union, as Kim Il Sung previously suggested.

  • November 21, 1950

    Situation of Recent Mass Ideological Trends and Enemy Activities in Shenyang and Lüshun-Dalian

    An internal reference report on social trends in Shenyang and Lüshun-Dalian in the wake of China's entry into the Korean War.

  • December 12, 1950

    Report from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai sends detailed reports to Mao Zedong on new recruits from the Northeast; the replenishment of military supplies; the distribution of Soviet infantry weapons; the repair of railways and transportation; the condition of airports in North Korea; the use of artillery and tank units; and the stationing of command posts.

  • March 07, 1952

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

    Zhou Enlai's request to Stalin to increase its assistance by dispatching anti-epidemiological specialists.

  • July 25, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram from Razuvaev to Sokolovsky

    Kim Il Sung requests that TU-2 planes will be sent to Manchuria during the summer, and that a Soviet instructor will accompany each crew.

  • December 17, 1957

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, and Central Overseas Chinese Committee, 'Views on Handling the Issue of Ethnic Koreans in the Northeast Illegally Crossing the Border to Korea'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs the Chinese Embassy in North Korea and the Public Security Offices in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang Provinces of China and North Korea's policies regarding illegal border crossings.

  • December 10, 1959

    Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Summary Report on Organizing Ethnic Koreans and Mobilizing Korean Immigrants to go to Korea to Take Part in Construction'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs summarizes efforts made to organize ethnic Koreans in Northeast China to relocate to North Korea to lend support to economic construction in the DPRK.

  • March 12, 1961

    Investigative Report by the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture on the Outflow of Border Residents, Sent from the 4th Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security to the People’s Armed Police Divisions of the Public Security Department

    The 4th Bureau of the Chinese Ministry of Public Security distributes an investigative report, conducted by the Public Security Office in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, which cites reasons and proposes solutions for the outflow of border residents into North Korea.

  • May, 1961

    Telegram from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security to the Chinese Embassy in North Korea on Illegal Border Crossing among Ethnic Koreans

    The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security expresses concern at the growing number of illegal border crossing among ethnic Koreans of Chinese nationality into North Korea.

  • May 10, 1961

    Report from the Ministry of Public Security on Illegal Border Crossings of Ethnic Koreans from Liaoning

    The Ministry of Public Security briefs Premier Zhou Enla, Deng Xiaoping, and Peng Zhen on the increase of ethnic Korean residents illegally crossing the border into North Korea.

  • March 23, 1962

    Instructions from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security on the Issue of Ethnic Koreans Crossing the Border to Korea

    The Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Public Security explain North Korea's complaints regarding China's inability to effectively prevent illegal border crossings and summarize the Chinese understanding of the issue and specify instructions on resolving the issue of illegal border crossings.