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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 28, 1937

    Concerning Song Ziwen's Travel

    The Politburo recommends that the governor of Xinjiang permit Song Ziwen to travel to Urumqi.

  • June 14, 1937

    Concerning the 36th Division of the NRA's Appeals to the Soviet Government

    In response to Ma Hushan's (commander of the 36th Division of the NRA) request for Soviet assistance in Xinjiang and the release of Ma Zhongying from the Soviet Union, the Politburo resolves that it will provide assistance only after the leadership of the 36th Division concludes an agreement with the Xinjiang government and establishes peace in the south of Xinjiang.

  • July 29, 1937

    Concerning Soviet Military Operations in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders two regiments be sent into Xinjiang to prevent the advance of the 36th Division. It also orders that Ma Zhongying continue to be detained and recommends that the governor of Xinjiang avoid an agreement with Ma Hushan.

  • September 22, 1937

    Concerning Travel of the Civil Air Fleet to Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders the Civil Air Fleet to send a transport aircraft to make several trips between Urumqi and Kashgar in coordination with the NKID and NKVD.

  • September 24, 1937

    Concerning Alleged Plots Against Governor Sheng Shicai

    The Politburo decides to send an experienced investigator to investigate an alleged plot against Sheng Shicai, the governor of Xinjiang.

  • November 10, 1937

    Letter from Governor Sheng Shicai to Cde. V. M. Molotov

    Sheng Shicai expresses gratitude to Cde. V. M. Molotov for Soviet assistance with eliminating the 36th Division of the NRA from the South of Xinjiang and combating a Trotskyist plot in Xinjiang. He requests Molotov's assistance with "implementing the policy of the six principles" in Xinjiang and turning it into a model province.

  • January 09, 1938

    Concerning Troop Movements through Xinjiang

    The Politburo recommends that Sheng Shicai advise Jiang Jieshi to permit the regiment currently stationed in Erlizihe to proceed to its designated location.

  • January 10, 1938

    Concerning NKVD Operations in Xinjiang

    The Politburo orders the NKVD to deploy a reinforced cavalry regiment and an attached RKKA fighter squadron to the area of Hami, allocating additional tanks, automobiles, and gasoline trucks to support their operations. It also provides recommended changes to Shicai Sheng's military policy in Xinjiang.

  • January 04, 1939

    Translation of a Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov

    Governor Sheng Shicai expresses gratitude to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov for the opportunity to visit Moscow. After reporting critical remarks made by Fang Lin against the Soviet Union and the Communist Party, Sheng Shicai requests that the All-Union Communist Party dispatch a politically experienced person to Urumqi to discuss Party training and asks that the Comintern order the Chinese Communist Party in Xinjiang to liquidate the Party organization.

  • January 10, 1939

    Concerning Soviet Troops in Xinjiang

    The Politburo transfers Soviet military units deployed in Xinjiang and supervision of the Xinjiang army to the control of the People's Commissariat of Defense.

  • March 14, 1940

    Concerning the Secret Cipher Unit of the USSR Consulate in Urumqi

    The Politburo directs the NKVD to permit the division of the combined secret cipher unit of the USSR Consulate General and Trade Mission in Urumqi into independent secret cipher units.

  • October 26, 1940

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 21 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Soviet Politburo charges Narkomtsvetmet with concluding a 50 year concession agreement for the right to explore and exploit mineral deposits in Xinjiang and establishes a Directorate of Concessions for Exploration, Prospecting, and Exploitation of the Deposits of Tin in Xinjiang.

  • April 19, 1941

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The Politburo issued 5.25 million rubles to support the NKO's operations in the Mongolian People's Republic and Xinjiang, the independent NKVD rifle battalion in Xinjiang, and the topographic detachment in Xinjiang until the end of 1941.

  • March 20, 1942

    Concerning Signing of an Agreement with the Government of Xinjiang about the Operation of the Dushanzi Refinery

    The Politburo approves the establishment of a mixed Soviet-Xinjiang company to operate the Dushanzi Refinery and outlines the company's management and funding structure.

  • May 10, 1942

    Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov

    Governor Sheng describes the investigation into Sheng Shiqi's (the Commander of the Mechanized Brigade of Xinjiang) death, which revealed that Chen Xiuying (his wife) murdered him under pressure from Xiao Zuoxin, the assistant to the Director of the Urumqi office of the Native Corporation. He also reports that Kruglov, Soviet advisor for trade matters, intentionally disrupted trade between the Soviet Union and Xinjiang because of the Xinjiang government's alleged anti-Soviet attitude.

  • July 03, 1942

    Letter from Cde. V. M. Molotov to Governor Shicai Sheng

    Molotov rejects all the accusations leveled against Cdes. Bakulin, Rakov, and other senior Soviet officials in Governor Sheng's earlier letter as completely unfounded and criticizes his repression of senior figures in the Xinjiang government. Molotov also expresses his belief that "secret agents of an imperialist power hostile to China" have made Sheng their tool.

  • July 07, 1942

    Letter to the Soviet Ambassador in Chongqing

    At the instruction of the Soviet government and Cde. Stalin personally, the Soviet ambassador to China is instructed to inform Chiang Kai-shek of the worrying views expressed by Shicai Sheng in his recent letter to Stalin, Voroshilov, and Molotov and present him with the text of Molotov's reply.

  • May 04, 1943

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 40 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces that it "cannot tolerate such provocative activity" of Xinjiang Governor Sheng Shicai and that it will provide support to rebels "in their struggle against the repressive colonialist policy of the Governor."

  • 1944

    The Truth about the Events in Xinjiang

    An anonymous report on Soviet-Guomindang relations in Xinjiang, and political developments in Xinjiang since 1933.

  • June 26, 1944

    Record of a Conversation with Percy Chen

    D. Godnunov reports that he discussed military developments in the Sino-Japanese War with Percy Chen, as well as the visit to China made by US Vice President Henry Wallace.