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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 07, 1950

    Cable from Chen Yun, Bo Yibo, and Ma Yinchu, 'On Withdrawing the Northeast Business Delegation in Pyongyang and the North Korean Business Delegation in Shenyang'

    Chen Yun, Bo Yibo, and Ma Yinchu announce that the Northeast Business Delegation in Pyongyang and the North Korean Business Delegation in Shenyang should be withdrawn and a new mechanism for economic exchanges with North Korea should be established.

  • April 08, 1950

    School Regulation for Chinese Junior High Schools

  • April 10, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Soviet Representative Aleksei Ignatieff in Pyongyang to Vyshinsky

    In a discussion between Mao Zedong and Ri Ju-yeon, Mao expresses a positive attitude toward China-North Korea relations, though indicates he is unaware that Kim Il Sung was then in the Soviet Union.

  • May 06, 1950

    Report, Hungarian Foreign Ministry to the Embassy of Hungary in North Korea (Excerpt)

    The Hungarian Ambassador to North Korea detailing the behavior of the North Korean delegation at the April 4, 1950 celebrations held in Budapest.

  • May 12, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinski regarding meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Shtykov reports of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, in which Kim Il Sung tells Shtykov the questions he means to ask Mao Zedong in a following meeting in Beijing the next day.

  • May 13, 1950

    Cable from Roshchin to Stalin, Relaying Mao's Request for Clarification on North Korea Taking Action Against South Korea

    The telegram relays a request from Mao, conveyed via Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai, seeking Stalin’s “personal clarifications” of his stand on a potential North Korean action to reunify the country. Mao sought the information after hearing a report from Kim, who had arrived that day in the Chinese capital for a secret two-day visit and clearly claimed that he had received Stalin’s blessing.

  • May 14, 1950

    Telegram from Roshchin to Stalin

    Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.

  • May 16, 1950

    Telegram from Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong via the Soviet ambassador

    Stalin notifies Mao Zedong that he believes the signing of a treaty pact between China and North Korea should only come after Korean reunification.

  • June 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Telegram from Mao asking Stalin to make sure that Kim Il Sung knows that he must agree to conduct negotiations to cease hostilities, and to decide the time, place, and number of participants for these negotiations. Mao continues to give his advice as to what the best place and time would be for these negotiations (place, on the 38th parallel; and time, 15 July, 1950).

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador Roshchin in PRC transmitting message to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Beijing advising that they send a representative to Korea.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai detailing his response to the English protest concerning "the Korean question." Also, a request for confirmation of Chinese troop movements to the Sino-Korea border, in case of a repulse of North Korean forces. Finally, a confirmation of the plans to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jets, to be followed by the transfer of the jets to Chinese possession.

  • July 18, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Gao Gang

    The Chinese attempt to mobilize the ethnic Koreans living in northeast China to return and serve North Korea in the war.

  • August 23, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    North Korea requests train locomotives and air force pilots from China, to which China agrees to the train locomotives.

  • September 20, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    China approves of Kim Il Sung's idea of fighting a protracted war, and gives advice on military strategies that will make a protracted war possible.

  • September 22, 1950

    Information about the North Korean Workers Party Central Committee Meeting

    Heo Gai discusses the possibilities of North Korea's turning to the Soviet Union and China for military support.

  • September 29, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    China approves of Kim Il Sung's request to build warehouses and factories in China and Korea and agrees to recruit Korean drivers for him in the northeast.

  • September 29, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from DPRK leader Kim Il Sung and South Korean Communist Leader Pak Heon-yeong to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong telling Stalin of the losses they have incurred following American air and ground attacks in South Korea and of their general lack of supplies and trained personnel.

  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Instantsia (Stalin)

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin reporting the dire circumstances into which the North Koreans had fallen in the wake of the Incheon landings. Mentioned is a correspondence between the North Koreans and Mao which hinted at possible Chinese aid.

  • October 01, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Kim Il Sung

    China advises Kim Il Sung to have the North Korean armies retreat north of the 38th parallel as quickly as possible after the First Front Army was cut off by the opposing side.