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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 19, 1961

    Telegram from the Brazilian Secretary of State for External Relations (Afonso Arinos) for the Cabinet in Brasilia, 19 August 1961, describing conversation between Ernesto “Che” Guevara and Richard Goodwin, Montevideo, Uruguay, 18 August 1961

    A telegram from the Brazilian Secretary of State for External Relations (Afonso Arinos) describing a conversation between Ernesto “Che” Guevara and Richard Goodwin in Montevideo, Uruguay. At this meeting, Mister Guevara and Mister Goodwin, speaking as “enemies”, made a general appreciation of Cuban-American relations. Affirming that Cuba today definitely was of the sphere of influence of the United States. They also discuss Cuba's economic situation.

  • August 21, 1961

    Cable from Hao Deqing to the Central Committee of the CCP, 'On Some Situations involving the Fourth Congress of the Korean Workers' Party'

    Hao Deqing reports on planning and invitations for the Korean Workers' Party 4th Congress.

  • August 21, 1961

    Information on the Meeting with Comrade Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai and Reis Malile talked about the visit by Ho Chi Minh to Moscow. Zhou Enlai inform Reis Malile the conversation and opinions he and Liu Shaoqi had with Ho Chi Mind regarding the relations between Soviet Union, Albania, and Vietnam.

  • August 21, 1961

    Cable from the Party Committee of the Chinese Embassy in Romania, 'Summary Bulletin of Romania’s Domestic and International Policy and Sino-Romanian Relations since the Moscow Conference'

    In an exhaustive review of Romanian foreign policy, the Chinese Embassy concludes that the "USSR has a decisive influence over Romania’s foreign policy."

  • August 22, 1961

    Note on Visit of Cuban Children (Including Fidel Castro's son) to Bulgaria

    Through the Bulgarian Embassy in Havana the Deputy Foreign Minister learns about a group of Cuban children scheduled to visit Bulgaria. The group of children includes Fidel Castro's son.

  • August 22, 1961

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana, Report on Secret US Documents

    Chargé d’ affaires ad interim Miklós Vass reports on secret US State Department documents that Cuban Minister of Industry Ernesto “Che” Guevara acquired. The documents reveal US principles on Venezuelan economic policy and US positions on Latin American states and Latin American public opinion on Cuba. Vass advises that the secret documents be translated officially into Hungarian and sent to Hungarian embassies throughout Latin America. The document included three enclosures; Vass references two secret documents repeatedly.

  • August 29, 1961

    Telegram from the Albanian Ambassador in Beijing Reiz Malile to the Albanian Prime Minister Mehmet Shehu

    The Albanian Ambassador in Beijing Reiz Malile writes to the Prime Minister, Mehmet Shehu, and reports on his discussion with Marshal Chen Yi, the Chinese foreign minister, about a possible visit from the President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh to Tirana. Chen Yi suggests that Malile go to Vietnam for a national celebration and he promises a Chinese plane as transportation for his trip.

  • August 29, 1961

    Information on the Meeting with Comrade Chen Yi

    Chen Yi, Politburo member and minister of foreign affairs of the PRC, and Reis Malile, Albanian Ambassador to the PRC, discussed the relations between Albania, China, Soviet Union, and Vietnam.

  • September 03, 1961

    Telegram from the Albanian ambassador in Belgrade, Tahmaz Beqari, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania

    The ambassador reports on the proceedings of the Belgrade conference of non-aligned countries, and about the differences and nuances of the stances of various delegations. Except India, Libya, and the United Arab Republic, all delegations were in favor of China’s participation in the United Nations. In addition, Nehru pointed out that colonialism is in agony while the Ghanaian, Cuban, Iraqi, Nepalese and Ethiopian delegations claimed to the contrary. When Dorticós, the Cuban President, began unmasking American imperialism, the diplomats of Western countries left the conference. The diplomats of friendly countries, according to Beqari, called the speeches of the conference “80% positive.”

  • September 04, 1961

    Telegram from the Albanian ambassador in Budapest, Edip Cuci, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Albanian ambassador reports that the Hungarian press published Khrushchev’s message to the Belgrade conference of non-aligned countries and excerpts of different speeches by participants of the conference. Hungarian television showed excerpts from the conference as well.

  • September 04, 1961

    Telegram from Chinese Embassy in India to Foreign Ministry, 'Kakodkar's Situation'

    The embassy advises against inviting the Goan People's Party general secretary to visit China before the Indian election.

  • September 05, 1961

    Ministry of the Interior Bulletin on Anti-Bulgarian Activity of Greece and Turkey

    The Ministry of Internal Affairs reports its intelligence findings on the military cooperation between the US, Greece and Turkey.

  • September 06, 1961

    National Security Council Guidance on Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty Broadcasting

    Approval of “low key” Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty broadcasts on issues of nuclear warfare [a rare case of NSC-level involvement in broadcast policy]

  • September 07, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in North Korea to the ILD, 'On the Agenda of the 4th KWP Congress and the Planned Activities of Fraternal Parties'

    The Chinese Embassy in Pyongyang reports on arrangements for foreign delegations participating in the Korean Workers' Party congress.

  • September 07, 1961

    Report on the Work of the Delegation of the ALP to the 4th Congress of the Korean Workers' Party

    Manush Myftiu reports on the 4th Congress of the Korean Workers’ Party.

  • September 10, 1961

    Record of Conversation between Comrade Kim Il Sung and Comrade Deng Xiaoping

    Deng Xiaoping and Kim Il Sung discuss a range of issues, including agriculture in North Korea, Koreans in Japan, and the situation in South Korea.

  • September 15, 1961

    Letter from Ulbricht to Khrushchev on Closing the Border Around West Berlin

    Ulbricht writes to Khrushchev regarding the closing of the border between east and west Berlin.

  • September 16, 1961

    Telegram from Chinese Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Morocco, 'Currently Inadvisable to Invite Kakodkar to Visit China'

    The Foreign Ministry advises against inviting the general secretary of the Goan People's Party to China for the time being.

  • September 20, 1961

    Telegram from the Hungarian Embassy in Pyongyang, 'The Korean Workers’ Party’s 4th Congress'

    A report on the members of the 11-member Political Bureau of the Korean Worker's Party and the Vice Chairman of Central Committee.

  • September 23, 1961

    Telegram from the Hungarian Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Celebration of the Korean Workers’ Party’s 4th Congress'

    Kovács József reports on the immense celebrations for the Korean Worker's Party's 4th Congress.