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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 28, 1955

    Letter to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev, Statement of Mir Aga Azari

    This statement by Azari accuses the Democratic Party of Southern Azerbaijan's leaders of abusing their authority and expelling Party members if they criticized the actions of the leadership. He appeals to Khrushchev to do something about the nature of the party and its leaders, as well as to look into his own personal case of expulsion.

  • January 29, 1955

    Report from the First Asia Department Third Section

    The Indonesian ambassador to China handed an invitation letter and memoranda to Zhang Hanfu. This report advances some suggestions about how to reply the letter and the memoranda and how to release the related news.

  • January 30, 1955

    Letter to Khrushchev from Political émigré Iranian Ali Reza Hekmat

    This letter from an Iranian political emigre Ali Reza Hekmat describes the series of events, such as prison and confinement sentences, that have led him to the point of asking Khrushchev for help in finding the work he had been promised upon coming to the USSR. He lists his qualifications and reasoning for his request.

  • January 31, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'The Soviet Ambassador Came to Visit and Told Me the Following Issues'

    The Soviet ambassador to Indonesia reported that when delegations discussed before the Bogor Conference whether to invite China to the Asian-African Conference, the Indian ambassador opposed because inviting China would cause the Western countries to consider that Indonesia had aligned with one of the two blocs in the world.

  • January 31, 1955

    Letter from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Second Division Liaison, January 31st 1955, 134/955

    In a letter to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Jianu reports on the conditions of hospitals in North Korea. There are concerns about the medical staff properly attending to the conditions of the hospitals, and "allow matters to spiral out of control." This issue was brought up in a study of the hospitals in Nampo. The ambassador notes communication difficulties with the Ministry of Health, as if they are unwilling to speak about this.

  • January 31, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    A Korean Worker's Party document which discusses the incomplete nature of the revolution in which the peninsula remains divided and South Korea under American influence. The document also points out the responsibilities of the Party to complete socialist development in North Korea during the transitional period.

  • January 31, 1955

    Address by Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Fourth Meeting of the State Council (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai addresses the State Council citing a need for China to "master atomic energy." The Chinese program is far behind in this area, but plans to catch up with the help of Soviet technical assistance.

  • January 31, 1955

    Central Committee Plenum of the CPSU Ninth Session, Morning

    The Soviet leadership discusses the state of Soviet foreign affairs. Khrushchev reviews Soviet policy after Stalin's death, blaming Molotov and Malenkov for mistakes in Soviet policy towards Germany. The role of executed Soviet leader Lavrentii Beria is also discussed.

  • February 01, 1955

    Report from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Existence of Diplomatic Relations Between Afro-Asian Conference Participant Countries and the Jiang Bandits'

    The note details whether the participating countries in the Asian-African Conference have diplomatic relations with Taiwan.

  • February, 1955

    Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee

    Harold Lady writes concerning the purchase with FOA funds of items in the US Army stockpile.

  • February 01, 1955

    Liaison Report from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Second Division Liaison, February 1st 1955, 200/55

    A report from the Romanian embassy in Pyongyang concerns various meetings and special events in North Korea, ranging from the showing of films and ballets to discussions of the agricultural industry and the status of foreign visitors to North Korea in 1954.

  • February 01, 1955

    French Foreign Ministry, Note on Indian Foreign Policy and Franco-Indian Relations

    Note prepared by the French Foreign Ministry prior to Prime Minister Nehru’s visit to Paris in February 1955. It observed that France could find in India a cooperative partner in Asia despite their outstanding disagreements.

  • February 02, 1955

    Letter, Harold Lady to Syngman Rhee

    Harold Lady writes regarding the need to develop policies and procedures for the ocean transportation of FOA goods.

  • February 08, 1955

    [Uncorrected] Transcript of a Meeting of the Party group of the USSR Supreme Soviet on 8 February 1955

    Khrushchev reads the decision of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU that states that Georgy Malenkov does not have the knowledge or experience to fulfill the post of Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers. The decision lists political mistakes that Malenkov has made, including his close relationship to Lavrenti Beria. Khrushchev upholds this decision, citing examples of Malenkov's political and ideological weakness: his support for abandoning socialism in East Germany in favor of a unified, neutral Germany and his emphasis of light industry over heavy industry, among others. Malenkov speaks, accepting responsibility for his mistakes and agreeing with the CC Plenum decision. Khrushchev then nominates N. A. Bulganin to replace Malenkov as Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and G. K. Zhukov to replace Bulganin as Minister of Defense; both nominations are accepted. Malenkov is given the posts of Minister of Electric Power Stations and Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers.

  • February 09, 1955

    Cable from Dong, 'Record about the First Discussion on the Administrative Arrangement for the Presence of the Asian-African Conference'

    Discussion between Chinese Vice Ministers and the Chinese Premier on what kind of cars should be bought to use at the Asian-African Conference and whether those cars should be sent from China.

  • February 10, 1955

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Ali Sastroamidjojo’s

    Zhou Enlai informs the Indonesian Prime Minister that China has accepted the invitation to attend the Bandung Conference.

  • February 10, 1955

    Letter, General Taylor to President Syngman Rhee

    General Taylor emphasizes the important contributions the Korean National Railway has made toward the military effort and rehabilitation of the Korean civil economy. He informs Rhee that the US will soon reduce its rail supervisory personnel and the Korean government will now have to support and secure the future of the railway-including the new repair and replace program- to help maintain operation after the war.

  • February 11, 1955

    Letter, Major General D.A.D. Ogden to Young P. Lee

    General Ogden praises the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League for its "laudable cause."

  • February 12, 1955

    Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, 'On a New Test Range for the USSR Ministry of Defense'

    Council of Ministers decree approving a launch range in Kazakhstan for testing the ICBM

  • February 12, 1955

    Cable from Huang Zhen, 'Discussion of Issues relating to the Asian-African Conference during the Meeting with Sidik'

    The Ambassador to Indonesia reports on a meeting with Sidik Djojosukarto, the leader of the Indonesian National Party (PNI), regarding the Asian-African conference, Indonesian politics, and Sidik's possible visit to China.