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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • February 02, 1956

    Memorandum to the CPSU CC on Soviet Koreans

    Reports on the Soviet Embassy’s work regarding Soviet Koreans in the DPRK after a USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium decision to allow them to either convert to Korean citizenship or accept dual citizenship and discusses the topic of whether they should be allowed to return to the USSR.

  • February 06, 1956

    Zhou Enlai’s Brief Statement to British Chargé d'affaires ad interim Con O’Neill Regarding the Princess of Kashmir Investigation

    Zhou Enlai welcomed the British confirmation that the explosion of the aircraft "The Princess of Kashmir" was a sabotage plot by Taiwanese agents. He went on, however, to criticize how the British and the Hong Kong administration handled the case. The latter released some Taiwanese agents whom Beijing held to be related to the murder case, used a person suspected by the PRC to be a Taiwanese agent in the investigation, and escorted several Taiwanese agents out of its border to Taiwan.

  • February 10, 1956

    Report No. 73 from Do Soon Chung to Syngman Rhee

    Do Soon Chung briefs President Rhee on the visit of Crown Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia to Manila and participation of the Philippine battalion in the multi-nation maneuvers held by the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.

  • February 20, 1956

    Letter, J. H. R. Cromwell to Syngman Rhee

    Cromwell asks Syngman Rhee to meet with Sgt. R. James K. Cromwell, who is currently stationed in Korea.

  • February 20, 1956

    Report No. 74 from Do Soon Chung to Syngman Rhee

    Do Soon Chung briefs President Rhee on the 53 reorganization plans submitted by President Magsaysay to the Congress as well as the status of negotiations between Japan and the Philippines over reparations.

  • February 21, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak tells Filatov that he does not fully agree with the KWP CC Presidium decision regarding Pak Chang-ok because the Presidium's failure to cite specific evidence. Pak Ui-wan says that he spoke well of Pak Chang-ok in a recent meeting with Kim Il Sung.

  • February 24, 1956

    Excerpts from Tsedenbal's diary on his conversation with Soviet leader Anastas Mikoyan on Soviet Economic Cooperation and Aid to the People's Republic of Mongolia (Fragments)

    Tsedenbal's diary entry on his conversation with Anastas Mikoyan regarding Soviet economic aid and cooperation with the Mongolian People's Republic. Tsedenbal asks Mikoyan to forgive upcoming payments due and provide additional materials and Soviet workers for construction of railroads. Mikoyan tells Tsedenbal that the Soviets will help, but that Mongolia must prepare its own workforce and not be dependent on Soviet or Chinese help. The two also discuss trade issues and Chinese designs on Mongolia.

  • February 25, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and Pak Yeong-bin

    Pak says that while he himself has admitted to his mistakes and engaged in self-criticism, Pak Chang-ok continues to deny that he had engaged in factionalist, anti-Party activity. Pak Yeong-bin also describes several factors that may have played a role in the “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature” decision made by Kim Il Sung and the Presidium.

  • February 25, 1956

    Khrushchev's Secret Speech, 'On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences,' Delivered at the Twentieth Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    In a secret speech before a closed plenum of the 20th Congress of the CPSU, Khrushchev denounced Stalin’s cult of the personality. In addition, he revealed that Stalin had rounded up thousands of people and sent them into a huge system of political work camps (Gulags). This revelation was met with astonishment by many present for the speech, but helped to break the power that Stalin still held over the country.

  • February 28, 1956

    Draft minutes from Conference of Foreign Ministers of the ECSC on 11 and 12 February 1956

    These minutes include discussions of a new system to bring widespread technical renewal of European industry.

  • February 29, 1956

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Embassy Counsellor S. Filatov and DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan

    Pak Ui-wan tells Filatov about a conversation he had with Kim Il Sung regarding Pak Chang-ok, Pak Yeong-bin, and other Soviet Korean party members.

  • March 02, 1956

    Report No. 75 from Do Soon Chung to Syngman Rhee

    Do Soon Chung reports to President Rhee on the resignation of Alfredo Montelibano as Acting Chairman of the National Economic Council.

  • March 05, 1956

    A Brief History of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League

    A test edition of "A Brief History of the Asian Peoples' Anti-Communist League."

  • March 05, 1956

    Remarks on the Draft Statutes of the KWP

    Suggestions for improvements in the wording of the DPRK's constitution.

  • March 05, 1956

    Record of a conversation with DPRK Minister of Construction Kim Seung-hwa by Soviet Embassy Counsellor in the DPRK S. N. Filatov, 5 March 1956

    Kim Seung-hwa speaks to Filatov about his recent inspection trip to a fertilizer plant. Kim says that he does not support the KWP CC Presidium decision “The Further Strengthening of the Fight Against Reactionary Bourgeois Ideology in Literature and Art” and its proponents’ aim to characterize Soviet Koreans as an anti-Party faction.

  • March 10, 1956

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Whan Cho

    Young Kee Kim briefs Minister Cho on the dinner served for the Korean delegates to the Anti-Communist League Conference and new Chinese ambassador.

  • March 10, 1956

    Report No. 76 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the budget plan submitted by President Magsaysay to Congress and Manila APACL Conference.

  • March 12, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the DPRK Vice Premier of the Cabinet of Ministers and Member of the KWP CC Presidium, Pak Chang-ok

    Relations between S.Filanov and Kim Il Sung are discussed, the internal political oppression of DPRK, the restricted press.

  • March 13, 1956

    German Concerns about Free Europe Committee Balloon Leaflet Operations

    West German Ambassador Heinz Krekeler shares his government’s concerns about Free Europe Committee (FEC) balloon operations with Deputy Undersecretary of State Robert Murphy and FEC President Whitney Shepardson.

  • March 17, 1956

    Telegram from USSR Charge d'Affaires ad interim to the DPRK A.M. Petrov addressed to USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs V.M. Molotov

    Petrov reports on the ongoing case of former Minister of Internal Affairs and KKorean Workers' Party member Pak Il-u, three months after he was arrested.