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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 14, 1950

    Cable from Vyshinsky to Mao Zedong, Relaying Stalin's Stance on Permission for North Korea to attack South Korea

    The cable contains Stalin’s personal response to Mao's 13 May telegram. Using the code-name “Filippov,” Stalin confirms his agreement with the North Korean proposal to “move toward reunification,” contingent on Beijing’s assent.

  • June 26, 1950

    Top Secret Report on the Military Situation in South Korea from Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov

    Report from Shtykov to Zakharov detailing North Korean advances on the first day of the Korean War. Included is a list of conclusions drawn up by Shtykov regarding the conduct of Northern and Southern forces thus far.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Stalin to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang Shtykov

    Reply from Stalin to Shtykov's telegram of July 1, 1950. Requests additional information on KPA plans and reaction to American internvention. Informs of intent to meet requests by Kim Il Sung for additional war materiel.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Stalin on the Political Mood in North Korea

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) describing the successes of KPA forces in the South. He also relays the concern of some of the DPRK cadre regarding American intervention.

  • July 04, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin

    Shtykov reports on a meeting with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heonyeong concerning requests for arms, advisers and advice on how to move troops more efficiently. Shtykov proposes resolutions and advice.

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.

  • July 08, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Soviet Ambassador Roshchin in PRC transmitting message to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Beijing advising that they send a representative to Korea.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Feng Xi (Stalin) to Shtykov

    Telegram from Stalin to North Korea advising that they reply to UN Secretary General Trygve Lie's concerns for treatment of POW's through a radio broadcast by a POW saying that prisoners are being treated well by the KPA.

  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai detailing his response to the English protest concerning "the Korean question." Also, a request for confirmation of Chinese troop movements to the Sino-Korea border, in case of a repulse of North Korean forces. Finally, a confirmation of the plans to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jets, to be followed by the transfer of the jets to Chinese possession.

  • August 28, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, congratulating him for his victories thus far and offering advise on the air force strategies.

  • August 31, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Feng Xi (Stalin) regarding the meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • August 31, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin transmitting letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • September 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    Telegram from Shtykov to Moscow requesting that they advise the DPRK government to prepare for the upcoming UN General Assembly session and a statement of the position the Soviet Union will take at the upcoming UNGA session.

  • September 27, 1950

    Telegram from Matveyev (Razuvayev V.N.) to Stalin

    Matveyev describes the state of the Korean People’s Army, particularly the severe status of troops in Seoul and Busan after having encountered American air and ground forces. Matveyev also reports on a meeting between several Soviet and Korean foreign ministers in which Kim Il Sung assumed the tasks of both Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Defense Minister and ordered the deployment of troops northward. Matveyev also outlines the steps he plans to take as a Soviet envoy in aiding the desperate Korean army.

  • September 28, 1950

    Telegram, from Gromyko to Stalin, Transmitting Letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Kim Il Sung expresses his gratitude. In his telegram Gromyko informs Stalin of other letters from Kim Il Sung concerning the training of 120 Korean pilots in the Soviet Union, the supply of cars to the DPRK, the four advisors to North Korea's Ministry of Internal Affairs, and the wages of the air force cadets of the People's Army who are training in the Soviet Union.

  • September 29, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from DPRK leader Kim Il Sung and South Korean Communist Leader Pak Heon-yeong to Stalin (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong telling Stalin of the losses they have incurred following American air and ground attacks in South Korea and of their general lack of supplies and trained personnel.

  • September 30, 1950

    Draft Telegram from Chanfu (Bulganin) to Matveyev (Razuvayev)

    A response to Matveyev’s previous telegram approving the consolidation of power (as Supreme Commander in Chief and Defense Minister) to Kim Il Sung, the formation of six divisions, transport of ammunitions and fuel. Bulganin also unofficially advocates Kim’s plans to request aid from China.

  • September 30, 1950

    Memorandum from Gromyko to Stalin, 30 September 1950, with draft cable from Gromyko to Shtykov

    A message from Gromyko to Stalin relaying the assessment of Shtykov that it would be prudent for the Soviet Union to withdraw some nonessential embassy personnel and specialists from North Korea. Gromyko advises that withdrawals should be considered only in consultation with North Korea and the appropriate Soviet ministeries.

  • September 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Shtykov to Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and Instantsia (Stalin)

    Telegram from Shtykov to Gromyko and Stalin reporting the dire circumstances into which the North Koreans had fallen in the wake of the Incheon landings. Mentioned is a correspondence between the North Koreans and Mao which hinted at possible Chinese aid.

  • October 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai asking that they consider moving 5-6 divisions of Chinese volunteers to the China-DPRK border in order to give the North Koreans cover under which to reorganize their troops. Stalin explicitly states that he will not mention this idea to the North Koreans.