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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 09, 1977

    Telegram 085068 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on US-ROK relations and the DPRK's desire for bilateral exchange with the US, which the US administration is unwilling to engage in without North Korea's inclusion of South Korea in future interaction. The US State Department's perspective of the DPRK is also noted.

  • August 10, 1977

    Letter, Warren Christopher to William Hyland, 'Response to Soviet Message on South Africa'

    This draft reply to Leonid Brezhnev's August 1977 message to Jimmy Carter on the suspicious site in the Kalahari Desert includes a number of interesting points, among them a request for the "geographic coordinates, size, configuration, and exact nature of the facility." Presumably this information would be used by the US to better target its reconnaissance satellites on the site.

  • August 11, 1977

    CC CPSU Politburo transcript (excerpt)

    CC CPSU Politburo transcript (excerpt) discussing the Ethiopian appeal for assistance

  • August 11, 1977

    Ethiopian Aide-Memoire to Soviet Officials in Moscow

    Ethiopian aide-memoire proposing grounds to end hostilities with Somalia.

  • August 11, 1977

    Record of negotiations between Somali and Soviet Officials in Moscow (excerpts)

    Record of negotiations between Somali and Soviet Officials in Moscow (excerpts) regarding the resolution of the Somali-Ethiopian conflict and possible negotiations between Somalia and Ethiopia concerning territorial disputes.

  • August 15, 1977

    Bilateral Relations between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the German Democratic Republic

    In a telegram to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang details plans for the East German government delegation's visit to Pyongyang and a summary of the economic obligations of the DPRK to the GDR.

  • August 17, 1977

    Summary of the Meeting and Negotiations held by L. I. Brezhnev with N. Ceausescu in Crimea, on 5 August 1977

    Summary of a four hour meeting between Ceausescu and Brezhnev in Crimea, in which the two leaders discussed the Romanian position regarding several international problems. The emphasis of the discussion was the development and formation of the Moldavian nation, which Brezhnev claimed were incorrectly interpreted by contemporary Romanian scientific literature and press periodicals.

  • August 18, 1977

    Letter, US Ambassador Bowlder to South African Foreign Minister Botha

    Message from U.S. Ambassador Bowdler to the South African Minister of Foreign Affairs Botha in which President Carter’s warning that the detonation of a South African nuclear device would have “most serious consequences” for U.S.-South African relations was conveyed.

  • August 18, 1977

    South African Ambassador to France, 'Unofficial Translation of French Aide-Memoire'

    Statement from the French embassy in South Africa reaffirming their position that South Africa not pursue a nuclear weapon. Specifically, France sought a clear statement from the South African government that they not "endow [themselves] with means of proceeding with nuclear explosions” or risk continued French-South African cooperation in several areas.

  • August 18, 1977

    Telegram 085099 from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on North Korea's efforts to engage the US in bilateral meetings and reiterate resolutions at the next UN General Assembly. It also describes the US administration as reluctant to avoid tensions on the Korean peninsula.

  • August 19, 1977

    Letter, US Secretary of State Vance to South African Foreign Minister Botha

    US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance explains the evidence which lead the US to suspect that South Africa was developing nuclear weapons and developing a testing site in the Kalahari Desert.

  • August 22, 1977

    Supplement to Brief No. A7 (Nuclear Questions): Soviet Allegations About South African Nuclear Weapons Development

    Memorandum on UK position at Lagos Conference on Apartheid about Soviet allegations of South African nuclear weapons development.

  • August 23, 1977

    Telegram from South African Embassy in the US on President Carter’s Press Conference on the Kalahari Nuclear Test Site

    The South African Embassy in the US reports to the South African Foreign Ministry on President Carter’s press conference on the kalahari nuclear test site and related US media coverage. Carter called on the South African government to place their nuclear programs under international safeguards and monitoring and cease attempts to develop and explosive device.

  • August 23, 1977

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov and Cuban Ambassador to Ethiopia Jose Perez Novoa

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Ethiopia Ratanov and Cuban Ambassador to Ethiopia Jose Perez Novoa regarding the question of inviting Cuban military personnel to Ethiopia

  • August 24, 1977

    Extract from Speech by the South African Prime Minister at Congress of the National Party of Cape Province

    Extract from a speech during which South African Prime Minister Vorster discusses Soviet allegations that South Africa has developed a nuclear bomb.

  • August 24, 1977

    Telegram from South African Mission in New York to Department of Foreign Affairs on the New York Times Editorial 'Rumors, Not Bombs in South Africa'

    Summary of New York Times editorial regarding Carter's press conference on South Africa's alleged development of nuclear weapons.

  • August 26, 1977

    Cable, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'South Africa: Nuclear Bomb Charges'

    South African department of Foreign Affairs cable to its embassies addressing the Soviet charge that South Africa is on the precipice of developing a nuclear bomb. The message states that South Africa has no intentions of developing a weapon, that the Kalahari facility is not being used to test explosives, and that “there will not be any nuclear explosive testing of any kind in South Africa.” Attached is a copy of the Prime Ministers’ 24 August 1977 speech in Cape Town.

  • August 26, 1977

    Record of Soviet-Somali Talks, Moscow (excerpts), with Somali aide-memoire, 10 August 1977

    Record of Soviet-Somali Talks, Moscow (excerpts), with Somali aide-memoire, 10 August 1977 regarding Soviet evaluations of the situation in Somalia and the Somali-Ethiopian conflict

  • August 29, 1977

    US Presidential Memorandum, Jimmy Carter Administration,South Korea/North Korea: Efforts toward Dialogue

    Zbigniew Brzezinski reports that Park Chung Hee is interested in reviving talks between North Korea and South Korea and that the United States should also support an inter-Korean dialogue.

  • August 29, 1977

    Memorandum for Cyrus Vance from Zbigniew Brzezinski, 'South Korea/North Korea: Efforts Toward Dialogue'

    Zbigniew Brzezinski reported that President Park has directed that Panmunjom again be sounded out on reviving the stalled North/South dialogue and added Park's saying that the United States should push this as well.