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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 03, 1975

    Political Report for July and August 1975, S. Bikram Shah, Ambassador, 'The Nordic Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Oslo'

    The Foreign Ministers did not oppose discussion of the Finnish proposal for the creation of a nuclear-free zone in the United Nations

  • September 03, 1975

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Vienna to Deputy Minister V. Gliga

    Regarding the countries on the board of governors of the IAEA.

  • September 04, 1975

    Political Report for the Month of August 1975, 'Proposal for a nuclear-free zone in the South Pacific'

    New Zealand and Fiji jointly made a formal application to the United Nations for inclusion in its agenda their proposal for a nuclear-free zone in the South Pacific.

  • September 06, 1975

    Note regarding the Meeting between Ilie Verdeț and Ji Denggui

    Ji Denggui and Ilie Verdeț discuss bilateral relations between China and Romania, nuclear proliferation and diarmament, Soviet-American relations, Comecon, European security, US policy toward Taiwan, Japan-Soviet relations, and economic development in China and Romania, among other topics.

  • September 08, 1975

    US Department of State Cable, ROK Nuclear Reprocessing

    U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Habib urges South Korea to cancel a planned purchase of a French reprocessing plant.

  • September 10, 1975

    Letter to the GDR Council of Ministers, 'Information about Recent Issues of PRC Domestic and Foreign Policy – Directives for the Code of Conduct of GDR Representatives towards the Representatives of the PR China'

    In the midst of China's apparent "struggle against Maoism," East German diplomats review Chinese foreign and domestic policies and the state of bilateral relations.

  • September 11, 1975

    Statement by the Delegation of the Government of the Republic of Korea regarding the Position taken on the Korean Question by the Foreign Ministers' Conference of the Non-Aligned Countries (Lima, August 30, 1975)

    The delegation of the government of the Republic of Korea sends its statement on its position taken on the Korean question by the foreign ministers' conference of the non-aligned countries.

  • September 15, 1975

    U.S. Embassy London telegram 14177 to State Department, 'French-U.S. Consultations on Nuclear Suppliers Meeting'

    Telegram illuminates the U.S. –French dialogue over safeguards and other provisions in the nuclear suppliers’ guidance. Arguing that full-scope safeguards was “alien to [their] philosophy,” the French suggested that a “traditional interpretation of the contamination principle (i.e., requiring safeguards on any materials produced in exported facilities),” would make it possible to achieve “the practical equivalent” of the Canadian proposal.

  • September 15, 1975

    Note for Ltg. Brent Scowscroft from John A. Wickham, Jr., “Defense of UNC Controlled Islands"

    John A Wickham, Jr., writes to General Brent Scowscroft about the U.S. defense commitment to the five northwest island groups and U.S.-South Korean defense coordination.

  • September 17, 1975

    Telegram from L.L Mehrotra, Charge d’Affaires in Beijing

    Report from New Zealand's Ambassador to China on a conversation between New Zealand’s Press Delegation and Vice Premier Teng Hsia-ping. They discussed China's policies on opposing nuclear proliferation.

  • September 17, 1975

    Telegram from L.L Mehrotra, Charge d’Affaires in Beijing

    China’s stance on Asian collective security and India-Soviet relations

  • September 19, 1975

    Message from Yugoslav Embassy in Mogadishu, 'The Soviet Ambassador Told Ours in Addis'

    The importance of avoiding conflict in the Horn of Africa as outlined by Soviet foreign minister Andrei Gromyko.

  • September 23, 1975

    Memorandum from George S. Vest to Secretary of State, 'September 16-17 Nuclear Suppliers' Meeting'

    The September 1975 meeting of the suppliers’ group brought out a conflict over a decisive issue, whether supplying countries should require recipient countries to place all nuclear facilities under safeguards or require them only for the technology and supplies at issue in the contract (“project safeguards”). The Canadians strongly supported the former, “full scope safeguards” (their terminology, which caught on), which the French saw as “tantamount to imposing NPT obligations” --a reference to the Treaty’s Article III--which they would not accept.

  • September 24, 1975

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Le Duan

  • September 29, 1975

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Le Duan

    Deng Xiaoping recounts a meeting between Zhou Enlai and Ho Chi Minh, at which Ho Chi Minh accused the Chinese of attempting to intimidate the Vietnamese by stationing troops close to the Chinese-Vietnamese border. Le Duan states that he had never been brifed on that meeting. Excerpt.

  • September 30, 1975

    Czechoslovak Interior Ministry Note on Actions of Agent Minarik against Radio Free Europe

    Pavel Minarik worked at RFE from 1968 to 1976 as an agent of the Czechoslovak Intelligence Service. During these years he provided many documents and analyses to the Service. This document contains Interior Minister Obzina’s approval of an Intelligence Service plan to recall and publicize Minarik’s activities. Minarik was recalled to Prague and surfaced at a staged press conference in 1976.

  • October 09, 1975

    Memorandum for the Record by Helmut Sonnenfeldt, 'Conversation with Delpech'

    Description of conversation between Sonnenfeldt and Jean-Laurens Delpech, French Minister of Armaments, on October 7. Delpech asked about the status of US nuclear assistance to France. He specifically asks about French requests for testing of reentry vehicle material in US nuclear tests, the importation of advanced computers, technical assistance with booster trigger design, and information on submarine vulnerabilities. Other topics included the French sale of helicopters to China and the potential sale of ECM equipment to Arab states.

  • October 10, 1975

    George Vest to Mr. Sonnenfeldt, 'British Comprehensive Safeguards Initiative re Suppliers Conference'

    This document describes the differing views regarding safeguards. The Canadians strongly supported the former, “full scope safeguards” (their terminology, which caught on), which the French saw as “tantamount to imposing NPT obligations”--a reference to the Treaty’s Article III--which they would not accept. Arguing that full-scope safeguards was “alien to [their] philosophy,” the French suggested that a “traditional interpretation of the contamination principle (i.e., requiring safeguards on any materials produced in exported facilities),” would make it possible to achieve “the practical equivalent” of the Canadian proposal.

  • October 11, 1975

    Telegram from Washington to Bucharest, No. 075119

    Romanian diplomats report that Washington considers the situation in Korea to be very dangerous, that a withdrawal of U.S. ground forces from Korea could prompt South Korea to develop nuclear weapons, and that the Algerian-sponsored resolution in support of North Korea at the United Nations General Assembly is unacceptable.

  • October 15, 1975

    Briefing Paper, 'Nuclear Suppliers Conference,' Secretary's Trip to Ottawa

    This document describes Canada's position on safeguards as well as the United State's position and how the U.S. will respond to Canada. The Canadians strongly supported the former, “full scope safeguards," and although Washington had included the substance of full-scope safeguards in the original five-point paper but Kissinger would not go against the French and risk the hard-won understanding that had brought them into the group.