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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 13, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on India's Participation in Nuclear Energy Talks in Ann Arbor, Michigan

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of Rajya Sabha and the Minister of Natural Resources and Scientific Research, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, on whether or not India plans to attend a nuclear energy commission in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

  • May 26, 1954

    Letter by S. P. Korolev with Enclosed Report by Tikhonravov, 'On the Possibility of the Development of an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    Report on simple satellite proposed by Tikhonravov, addressed to Council of Ministers

  • May 26, 1954

    M. K. Tikhonravov, 'Memorandum on an Artificial Earth Satellite'

    On the possibility of launching the “simplest satellite” along with future considerations of launching humans into space

  • September 09, 1954

    Telegram from M.A. Husain, Joint Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, 'Recognition of New Regime in Guatemala'

    Recognition of the new junta in charge of Guatemala is recommended.

  • September 15, 1954

    Telegram from M.A. Husain, Joint Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, 'Draft Note on Recognition of Guatemala'

    Summary of Indian relations with the new government of Guatemala.

  • September 22, 1954

    Rajya Sabha Q&A on the Disarmament of Conventional or Atomic Weapons

    Transcript of questions and answers between members of the Rajya Sabha and the Deputy Minister for External Affairs, Shri ANil K. Chanda, on whether or not India will present before the United Nations Disarmament Commission.

  • October 13, 1954

    Letter from Indian Charge d’Affaires in Argentina on Guatemala

    Malik reports he is gathering a list of countries which have recognized the new regime in Guatemala.

  • January 31, 1955

    Address by Zhou Enlai at the Plenary Session of the Fourth Meeting of the State Council (Excerpt)

    Zhou Enlai addresses the State Council citing a need for China to "master atomic energy." The Chinese program is far behind in this area, but plans to catch up with the help of Soviet technical assistance.

  • February 01, 1955

    French Foreign Ministry, Note on Indian Foreign Policy and Franco-Indian Relations

    Note prepared by the French Foreign Ministry prior to Prime Minister Nehru’s visit to Paris in February 1955. It observed that France could find in India a cooperative partner in Asia despite their outstanding disagreements.

  • February 12, 1955

    Decree of the USSR Council of Ministers, 'On a New Test Range for the USSR Ministry of Defense'

    Council of Ministers decree approving a launch range in Kazakhstan for testing the ICBM

  • February 28, 1955

    Report by the Measurement Lab of the USSR Academy of Science, 'On the Properties of the Atomic Bombs Detonated on the Marshal Islands in 1954'

    Soviet scientific intelligence report on U.S. nuclear weapons testing on the Marshall Islands in 1954. This report concludes that the Ivy Mike and Castle nuclear detonations were thermonuclear based on gamma ray spectroscopy of fission fragments collected by Soviet aircraft over the USSR and PRC.

  • March 01, 1955

    Pravda Newspaper Article on the Decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Concerning the USSR CM [Council of Ministers]

    Pravda announces the decisions made by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

  • March 25, 1955

    Information on Turkish Intelligence Interest on the Uranium Mine Buhovo

    Turkish intelligence agents are trying to gather information on the uranium mining in southwest Bulgaria. They believe that the extracted deposits are shipped to the Soviet Union for further processing and production of nuclear bombs.

  • April 21, 1955

    Letter to Z. P. Zaveniagin, 'Regarding the Choice of Devices for Strategic Use'

    Report describing the relative merits of the RDS-27 and the SD nuclear weapon designs for use on the R-7 "Semyorka" ICBM.

  • May 14, 1955

    Warsaw Pact Treaty

    Treaty establishing the Warsaw Pact in response to the integration of West Germany into NATO.

  • May 18, 1955

    Minutes of the Meetings on 22 and 25 April 1955 at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the direction of Mr. Massigli

    This collection of minutes details a dicussion on the possiblity of an extension and futher integration of European politics and economies.

  • May 26, 1955

    Proposal Concerning the Testing of an Experimental System for the Verification of the Casing Design

    Proposal to develop a test warhead using radiation implosion to induce a thermonuclear reaction. The proposal emphasizes that the device will be compatible with the existing R-7 ICBM delivery system.

  • June 10, 1955

    Central Intelligence Agency Information Report, 'The Development of an Ultra-Centrifuge at the Nuclear Institute of Manfred von Ardenne in Sinop'

    CIA report describing the construction process of ultra-centrifuges in the Soviet nuclear institute of Sinop and the personnel working there.

  • June 30, 1955

    Letter from Iu. B. Khariton to N. I. Pavlov Regarding the Testing of a Nuclear Weapon at Object 700

    The letter describes geographic, safety, and technical considerations taken into account when selecting a test site for the RDS-37 hydrogen bomb. Specifically, the letter highlights that a testing field should be chosen based on the existence of population centers, the terrain, and the main wind patterns.

  • July 01, 1955

    Report by the Commission on the Review of the Scientific Principles of Atomic Compression and the Data on the Experimental Device RDS-37

    A report on the design of the RDS-37 nuclear device and the implications of radiation implosion induced nuclear fusion on weapons design.