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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 25, 1956

    Talk by Mao Zedong at an Enlarged Meeting of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Politburo (Excerpts)

    Mao speaks to the Central Committee Politburo about the need to develop an atomic bomb to avoid being "bullied," but stresses that this can only happen if economic development increases simultaneously.

  • May 14, 1956

    Letter from Louis Joxe to Christian Pineau, French Minister of Foreign Affairs

    This letter to Christian Pineau describes the proposed subordination of Euratom to the common market.

  • May 16, 1956

    Bhabha and Jawaharlal Nehru Correspondence on Indian Nuclear History

    A series of letters between Dr. Bhabha and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru covering a wide range of subjects, including the appropriate venues to voice opinions, the status of the Colaba site, meeting with the Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science, and issues with coordination between the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Education on scientific research and education. Also includes a copy of a letter from The Tokyo Shimbun requesting Dr. Bhabha’s presence at a forum discussing the justifiability of American hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific.

  • June 08, 1956

    Draft Minutes from Intergovernmental Conference for Euratom May 29 and 30 1956

    These minutes describe a discussion from members of several European states, including Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands on actions in case of emergency in regard to Euratom.

  • August 30, 1956

    Minutes of the Twentieth Session of the Brazilian National Security Council, Second Brazilian Nuclear Plan

    At this meeting the National Security Council decided to reform the Brazilian nuclear sector by placing it under the direction of CNEN (National Nuclear Energy Commission). The CSN suggested young technicians and academics should be instructed abroad in order to stimulate the development of professionals in that field. One of the objectives of the nuclear policy was the production of nuclear fuel from domestically-sourced minerals. The Brazilian government criticized the monopoly on nuclear fuel by the big powers.

  • October 01, 1956

    Delegation of the Union of South Africa to the United Nations, 'Statement of Mr. W. C. du Plessis, Leader of the South African Delegation'

    Speech delivered by W.C. Du Plessis, leader of the South African delegation, to the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The speech conveys South Africa's hopes and concerns for the future of nuclear energy technology while also outlining the advances in the field made by South African scientists.

  • October 01, 1956

    Eleventh Plenary Meeting of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (Statement by South African Ambassador W.C. du Plessis)

    Statement by the South African Ambassador to the United States, W. C. du Plessis, at the Eleventh Plenary Meeting of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held in the United Nations. Du Plessis expresses approval of the election of the new president of the conference, and discusses the history of the IAEA Statute and South Africa's atomic energy research.

  • October 08, 1956

    Seventh Meeting of the Main Committee, Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (Statement by South African Ambassador W.C. du Plessis)

    Statement by the South African Ambassador to the United States, W. C. du Plessis, at the Seventh Meeting of the Main Committee of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held at the United Nations. Du Plessis discusses several amendments intending to improve the representation of African and Middle Eastern countries in the IAEA, as well as several amendments regarding the structure of the organization and the IAEA board.

  • October 21, 1956

    Proposal of the Euratom Experts Concerning the Dissemination of Military Knowledge

    This proposal from the French delegation describes the potential military uses for atomic energy.

  • November 09, 1956

    Note by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Economic Cooperation

    This note describes panel discussions, which took place on the visit of Chancellor Adenauer to Paris, helping to reach an agreement on outstanding issues regarding Euratom.

  • November 13, 1956

    Draft Minutes of the Conference of Foreign Affairs of the Member States of the ECSC on 20 and 21 October 1956

    This document details discussions which took place during the Conference of Foreign Affairs between members of the ECSC in regard to extending their integration.

  • January 20, 1957

    Note on the Control System and the Powers of the Commission on Export and Ownership of Fissile Materials

    This note dicusses control mechanisms of Euratom, concluding that sufficiently large powers are given to the Commission to ensure effective control.

  • February 10, 1957

    Letter by Max Kohnstamm to Jean Monnet on the Committee of the Three Wise Men

    This letter to Jean Monnet details the success of recent meetings between President Eisenhower, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other parties.

  • February 21, 1957

    Telegram from Couve de Murville

  • March 13, 1957

    Message from EURATOM delivered by Alfred Iddles, President of the Atomic Industrial Forum, at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet

    This address at the 1957 Nuclear Congress Banquet describes the success of the latest efforts in Europe to reach a comprehensive agreement on atomic energy with the United States.

  • March 22, 1957

    Memorandum from the Soviet Government to the Chinese Government on the Arms Reduction Issue

    A memorandum from the Soviet government to the Chinese updating them on the arms reduction talks, a key component of which was a prohibition of the testing of atomic and hydrogen weapons. The Soviet proposal also called for reductions in conventional weapons and the prohibition of installing nuclear weapons outside their territorial borders.

  • March 23, 1957

    Memorandum of Conversation between John Foster Dulles and Selwyn Lloyd, 'Atomic Energy Items: (1) French Request (2) Test Limitation'

    US-UK discussion of French nuclear weapons potential and efforts that could be undertaken to hinder or advance the their program. The French request for technical assistance from these two governments was also covered.

  • May 07, 1957

    Press Conference on 7 May 1957 by Louis Armand, 'A Target for Euratom'

    This press conference given by Louis Armand, future first president of Euratom, details a report advocating the creation of an industrial substrate capable of producing by the end of the century abundant energy so that Europe may regain its independence and rethink its economy.

  • May 20, 1957

    Report No. 118 from Young Kee Kim to Syngman Rhee

    Young Kee Kim briefs President Rhee on the increasing number of American arms in the Far East and the immigration issue between China and Philippines in Formosa.

  • May 25, 1957

    French Ambassador to West Germany to Foreign Minister Christian Pineau, 'Extension to Berlin European Treaty on the Common Market and Euratom'