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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 09, 1956

    Department of State, Incoming Telegram No. 1130

    Text of a personal note sent by Ambassador Bohlen to Foreign Affairs Minister Gromyko regarding an American citizen being detained in Hungary.

  • November 11, 1956

    Department of State, Incoming Telegram No. 1270

    The Embassy in Vienna reports that Radio Free Europe (RFE) staff recently detained in Hungary arrived safely in Austria.

  • March 23, 1957

    Memorandum of Conversation between John Foster Dulles and Selwyn Lloyd, 'Atomic Energy Items: (1) French Request (2) Test Limitation'

    US-UK discussion of French nuclear weapons potential and efforts that could be undertaken to hinder or advance the their program. The French request for technical assistance from these two governments was also covered.

  • May 31, 1957

    Department of State Office of Intelligence Research, 'OIR Contribution to NIE 100-6-57: Nuclear Weapons Production by Fourth Countries – Likelihood and Consequences'

    This lengthy report was State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research's contribution to the first National Intelligence Estimate on the nuclear proliferation, NIE 100-6-57. Written at a time when the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom were the only nuclear weapons states, the “Fourth Country” problem referred to the probability that some unspecified country, whether France or China, was likely to be the next nuclear weapons state. Enclosed with letter from Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Division of Research for USSR and Western Europe, to Roger Mateson, 4 June 1957, Secret

  • March 24, 1958

    Letter from Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs C. Burke Elbrick, 'Draft NSC Paper Concerning Baltic States'

    Policy paper explaining the current status of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and the US policy of non-recognition of their incorporation into the Soviet Union.

  • May 13, 1959

    Department of State Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Intelligence Information Brief No. 139, 'Disarmament Negotiations: The Fourth Power Problem: France'

    According to intelligence reports, the French were trying to acquire from US firms the diagnostic technology needed to measure a nuclear explosion. INR did not believe that France had identified a specific test site and noted that France was under pressure to hold a test somewhere other than North Africa; nevertheless it went ahead with one in Algeria in early 1960.

  • October 16, 1959

    US State Department Translations, Comunist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee, No. P251/14, Documents regarding the application of US national Lee Harvey Oswald for Soviet Citizenship

    Lee Harvey Oswald's 1959 application for Soviet citizenship and the Soviet Union's Central Committee recommendations and reports regarding the application.

  • November 27, 1959

    US State Department Translation, Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee, no.3471-sh, 'Resolution of the CC CPSU Regarding the Application of US National Lee Harvey Oswald for Soviet Citizenship'

    Telegram from Gromyko, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, to CC CPSU advising that Lee Harvey Oswald be granted temporary sojourn in the USSR for one year and to provide him employment and housing. The Resolution includes specifics of employment and housing.

  • January 04, 1960

    Department of State Burea of Intelligence and Research, Intelligence Information Brief No. 236, 'Yugoslavia Nuclear Reactor Goes into Operation'

    This report gives an overview of Yugoslavia’s nuclear program and its tight links with both East and West in terms of financial aid and training programs

  • August 24, 1960

    Memorandum of Conversation, 'Nuclear Sharing'

    Secretary of Defense Gates, Acting-Secretary of State Dillon and the Atomic Energy Commissions' McCone discuss nuclear sharing with France. The French had offered full cooperation and participation in NATO in return for US Polaris submarine-launched missiles (without warhead).

  • January 30, 1961

    Secretary of State Rusk to President Kennedy, 'Your Appointment with Ogden R. Reid, Recently Ambassador to Israel'

    Memorandum and briefing materials for President Kennedy on the discovery of the Israel Dimona nuclear reactor. Given in preparation for a meeting with Ogden Reid, who had just resigned as US ambassador to Israel.

  • January 31, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Ambassador Reid's Review of His Conversation with President Kennedy'

    Days after his inauguration, President Kennedy met with Ogden Reid, who had just resigned as US ambassador to Israel, for a comprehensive briefing on US-Israel relations, including the problem of the Dimona nuclear reactor.

  • February 02, 1961

    Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs to Secretary of State, 'President’s Suggestion re: Israeli Reactor'

    Concerned about a recent visit to Cairo by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Vladimir Semenov and the possibility that the Soviets might exploit Egyptian concerns over Dimona, President Kennedy pressed State to arrange an inspection visit at Dimona by a US scientist.

  • February 03, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Israeli Reactor'

    Assistant Secretary of State G. Lewis Jones meets with Israeli Ambassador Harman, to discuss the Dimona reactor Harman explained that the Israeli government was preoccupied with an ongoing domestic political crisis.

  • February 13, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Inspection of Israel’s New Atomic Reactor'

    Secretary of State Rusk meets with Ambassador Harman to raise the desirability of a US visit to Dimona, noting that Israeli "candor" was important to the state of the US-Israeli relationship.

  • February 16, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Israel’s Security and Other Problems'

    US National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy meets with Ambassador Harman to discuss the Israeli nuclear facility at Dimona.

  • February 20, 1961

    US Mission to the United Nations (New York) Telegram No. 2242 to Department of State, 'Eyes Only' from Reid to Secretary

    Departing Ambassador informs told President Kennedy that an American inspection of the Dimona nuclear facility can be arranged.

  • February 26, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'U.S.-Israeli Relations - The Dimona Reactor'

    Assistant Secretary G. Lewish Jones reports on a conversation with Teddy Kollek about arranging a US visit to Dimona.

  • March 03, 1961

    Memorandum by Secretary Rusk to President Kennedy, 'Israeli Reactor'

    Rusk summarizes a meeting between Assistant Secretary Lewis Jones and Teddy Kollek for the president.

  • March 13, 1961

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Dimona Reactor'

    Ambassador Harman says there is no news about arranging a US visit to Dimona.