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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • February 18, 1954

    Letter, General James A. Van Fleet to Syngman Rhee

    General James A. Van Fleet sends a letter with news including architect I. M. Pei coming to Korea.

  • February 19, 1954

    Plan GELENA - Agent-Operational Measures on German Intelligence

    Detailed plan and timetable for the activities to expose intelligence operatives who have previously worked for Gestapo.

  • February 19, 1954

    Meeting of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    Meeting minutes from Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet during which the transfer of Crimea from Russia to Ukraine was approved.

  • February 20, 1954

    Letter, Colonel Albert H. Dickerson to Tuk ki Minn, President of Chosun Brewery, Ltd.

    Chosun Brewery, Ltd. is authorized to sell beer to all United Nations Forces in Korea.

  • February 23, 1954

    Letter, Yu Chang Jun to Colonel James C. Cross

    Yu Chang Jun, Secretary of President Rhee, requests clearance for Ida Margarete Choo to enter Korea.

  • February 23, 1954

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Record of Conversation with Mao Zedong, 4 January 1954

    A memorandum of conversation between Mao Zedong and Pavel Yudin. Yudin informs Mao about the Soviet "uncovering" of Lavrentii Beria's espionage. Mao thanks for the information and notes that it will be highly useful for China. He hints that the political atmosphere in the CCP had been "unhealthy" as some people have tried to use others' mistakes to undermine their reputation. In this connection, Mao refers to Zhang Guotao as a Guomindang spy, and also speculates that Wang Ming may have been recruited by the Guomindang as early as 1930.

  • February 24, 1954

    Letter, General James A. Van Fleet to Syngman Rhee

    General James A. Van Fleet conveys his view on the "building up of native armies in Asia" to resist communist forces.

  • February 25, 1954

    Excerpt of Mao Zedong's Edits to the Outline of Zhou Enlai's Speech

    Mao Zedong reviews a speech by Zhou Enlai on the Gao Gang Affair.

  • February 25, 1954

    Letter, Sue L. Virgil to Syngman Rhee

    Sue L. Virgil, whose husband was wounded in combat in the Korea War, asks about recognition for combat organizations.

  • February 25, 1954

    Outline of Comrade Zhou Enlai's Speech at the Discussion Meeting on the Gao Gang Question

    Zhou Enlai outlines his criticisms of Gao Gang and the reasons for his purge from the Chinese Communist Party.

  • February 26, 1954

    Cable from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee to CCP Central Committee, via Comrade Yudin

    Comrade Pavel Yudin asks the CCP to inform Comrade Ho Chi Minh that the discussion at the upcoming conference in Geneva will include the Korea question and restoring peace in Indochina.

  • February 26, 1954

    CIA Review of Radio Liberty Broadcasting

    A CIA memorandum reviews Radio Liberty policy guidance to date and outlines how it differs from the Voice of America.

  • February 26, 1954

    Letter from Liu Shaoqi to Mao Zedong

    Liu Shaoqi asks for instructions before distributing the outline of Zhou Enlai's speech on Gao Gang to cadres throughout the Communist Party.

  • February 28, 1954

    Letter from Mao Zedong to Comrade Liu Shaoqi and the Secretariat

    Mao Zedong approves Hu Qiaomu and Chen Boda's revisions to Zhou Enlai's speech on the Gao Gang Affair.

  • March 01, 1954

    Letter, Francesca Donner Rhee to Mrs. Van Fleet

    A personal note to the wife of General Van Fleet.

  • March, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to James Cromwell

    Syngman Rhee critiques James Cromwell's proposal for a Private Enterprise Plan and expresses concern pro-Japanese US politicians are blocking the development of the Korean economy.

  • March, 1954

    Draft, Letter, Syngman Rhee to James Cromwell

    Early draft of a letter from Syngman Rhee to James Cromwell concerning the Private Enterprise Plan.

  • March 01, 1954

    Report of Deng Xiaoping, Chen Yi, and Tan Zhenlin concerning the Discussion Meeting of the Rao Shushi Question

    Deng Xiaoping, Chen Yi, and Tan Zhenlin summarize the seven meetings held to discuss the purge of Rao Shushi.

  • March 02, 1954

    Letter, Syngman Rhee to General James A. Van Fleet

    Syngman Rhee expresses concerns about the American Korean Foundation's under-graduate scholarship program.

  • March 02, 1954

    'Preliminary Opinions on the Assessment of and Preparation for the Geneva Conference,' Prepared by the PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs (drafted by PRC Premier and Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai) [Excerpt]

    Zhou discusses the need to make agreements at the Geneva conference in order to open a path for discussion and negotiation with the west. Zhou notes that because the US, France and Britain are not united in their opinions, the CCP must hold fast to their positions on the peaceful unification of Korea, and of peace in Indochina. Finally, Zhou suggests that the CCP prepare to discuss issues of trade, relaxing international tensions, and breaking the US embargo, although these issues are not on the agenda.