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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 02, 1945

    Record of a Meeting between T.V. Soong and Stalin

    Notes taken during meetings between the Chinese nationalist government and the Soviet Union in Moscow during Sino-Soviet treaty negotiations.

  • July 03, 1945

    Memorandum of Conversation between Averell Harriman and T. V. Soong, 'Far Eastern Conversations with Generalissimo Stalin'

    Harriman reports on Soong and Stalin's July 2 conversation on ports and the issue of Outer Mongolia.

  • July 03, 1945

    Report from L. Beria to I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria reports on a Chinese offensive against the Dungan rebel battalion in the Ili District of Xinjiang, noting the Chinese and rebel losses.

  • July 03, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with Stalin and T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports on Stalin and Soong's July 2, 1945 meeting regarding Stalin's attitudes towards a Sino-Soviet railroad and the internationaliztion of ports.

  • July 03, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports on his meeting with Dr. Soong, in which Soong provides him with detailed notes from his July 2, 1945 meeting with Stalin. Soong is concerned that Stalin does not understand the importance of China's territorial integrity in regards to Outer Mongolia, asks for the stance of the United States' government on this issue. Harriman reports on Stalin and Soong's discussion of open ports and Korea.

  • July 05, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Soong promises to, in his future meeting with Stalin, adhere to the Yalta agreement on the issue of Outer Mongolia and to emphasize the territorial integrity of China.

  • July 07, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and Stalin

    Stalin and Dr. Soong continue their discussions on Outer Mongolia, Soong reports Chian Kai-Shek's intention to preserve the status quo of Outer Mongolia according to the Yalta agreement. Stalin and Soong end their meeting in disagreement.

  • July 09, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and Stalin

    Dr. Soong reports Chiang Kai-Shek's response to the stalemate on the question of Outer Mongolia to Stalin and Molotov. Chiang insists on preserving the territorial integrity of China vis a vis Outer Mongolia and Manchuria, and that China's sovereignty in Manchuria should be reinforced by Chinese administration of Port Arthur and Dairen. Stalin asks to think over his decision before responding to Chiang.

  • July 10, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman reports that Soong and Stalin have come to an agreement over the issue of Outer Mongolia, and that China will recognize Outer Mongolia's independence in light of Stalin's proposed Treaty of Alliance between the two nations. Border disputes over Outer Mongolia and Sinkiang remain, as well as the issue of a joint Sino-Soviet railway and the administration of Port Arthur and Dairen.

  • July 10, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and V. M. Molotov

    Molotov and Soong author a Soviet-Chinese treaty regarding Outer Mongolia, Soviet troops, railways, port Dairen and Port Arthur.

  • July 11, 1945

    Telegram from L. Beria to the Cde. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria reports that, in June 1945, Chinese aircraft conducted reconnaissance and bombed Ili rebel positions in the region of Yun-Dzhikho.

  • July 11, 1945

    Cable, Summary of Averell Harriman Meeting with T. V. Soong

    Harriman summarizes the July 11 meeting of Dr. Soong and Stalin, reporting that Stalin has ceded the right of Soviet troops to operate in Manchuria and that China has agreed to acknowledge Outer Mongolia's sovereignty. Dairen and Port Arthur will remain under SOviet military control; there remains dispute over the administration of the Chinese-Soviet railway.

  • July 12, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T.V. Soong and Stalin

    Stalin and T.V. Soong review outstanding issues affecting Sino-Soviet relations in 1945.

  • July 13, 1945

    Report from Cde. Yegnarov to Cde. L.P. Beria

    Yegnarov notes that he is sending Stalin and Molotov a copy of a report of Cde. Yegnarov describing his conversation with "Sadyk."

  • July 17, 1945

    Telegram from Cde. Yegnarov for Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov reports on a rebel battle against Chinese forces in Manas and Chinese troop movements in the Barlik Range, announcing the troop movements he ordered in light of these developments.

  • July 18, 1945

    Coded Message from Cde. Sergey to Cdes. Pavel and Petrov

    Cde. Sergey reports on a battle in Yamatu between Chinese troops and a rebel detachment from Tarbagatai [Tacheng] District and advises the Red Army to send a detachment led by Sufy Akhum Surbayev to the region of Bay-Aksu [Akesu] to conduct partisan operations.

  • August, 1945

    Telegram from Acting Chief of the USSR NKVD Troops Stakhanov to Cde. Beria

    Stakhanov reports on the internment of approximately 1100 Chinese citizens in the Arkarly Mountains following the rebels' occupation of the city of Dorbiljin.

  • August 07, 1945

    Report for Cde. I.V. Stalin and Cde. Molotov

    Stakhanov reports on developments in Xinjiang and the operations of the rebels of the Ili District from the end of July to the first week of August 1945, focusing on the rebels' seizure of Mopan, Dorbiljin, and Chuguchak; the detention of approximately 1000 Chinese citizens in Chuguchak; and an uprising by the Manas rebels.

  • August 13, 1945

    Record of Meeting Between T.V. Soong and Stalin

    T.V. Soong, Stalin, and others discuss Soviet plans in Manchuria. Topics include administrative rights, Soviet aid for China, and the progress in the war against Japan.

  • August 23, 1945

    Report from Cde. Yegnarov to Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov reports on recent military developments in the Ili District, describing Chinese and Soviet troop movements and a failed attempt (led by Firsov) to seize a fortress.